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    PMS2009-Canadian Auto Parts Market.doc - PMS2009-Canadian ....doc PMS2009-Canadian Auto Parts Market.doc - PMS2009-Canadian ....doc Document Transcript

    • TABLE OF CONTENT PAGE 1 Overview 3 2 Industry Classification 3-5 3 Market Trends 5 4 Trade Statistics 6-7 5 Standards & Regulations 8-9 6 Import Tariffs 9 7 Distribution Channels 10 8 Opportunities/Challenges for Malaysian Exporters 10-11 ANNEX 1: Major Auto Part Suppliers in Canada ANNEX 2: Automotive Associations in Canada 2
    • 1. OVERVIEW The automotive industry is Canada’s largest manufacturing sector, accounting for 12 per cent of manufacturing GDP and 24 per cent of manufacturing trade. It employs 158,302 people in automotive assembly and component manufacturing, and another 336,212 in distribution and aftermarket sales and service. The world economic downturn had impacted every level of the Canadian automotive value chain, from dealers and extending to every major player in the industry. The US based automakers particularly General Motors Corp and Chrysler LLC have been hit hard by the recession. Both are operating under US bankruptcy protection and have temporarily shut down their North American plants to reduce inventory in response to the weaker demand due to the global recession. Small and medium-sized OEM suppliers have been severely affected and many did not survive through this economic rough ride. The escalating Canadian dollar has also resulted in many of these companies cutting down their production costs and reducing number of employees. The larger manufacturers, however, stand to increase their global market share through strategic business partnership and increase offshore imports for price competitive auto parts. The long term outlook of the Canadian automotive industry is mixed with some good prospects, although recovery of the overall North American automotive market will take time. There are exports opportunities exist for foreign parts manufacturers to supply EOM suppliers in Canada with cost effective and higher value-added auto parts attributed to growing demand for safe, environmentally friendly and fuel efficient vehicles. 2. INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION The industry has five general segments (according to Industry Canada): 1. vehicle assembly 2. auto parts and component manufacturing o US$31.7 billion industry o has more than 650 establishments which produce original equipment and aftermarket auto parts, components and systems. Notes: ¹In the automotive industry, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) is the industry's brand name auto manufacturer such as Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Toyota, Honda, etc. The OEM definition constitutes a federally-licensed entity required to warrant and/or guarantee their products, unlike "aftermarket" which is not legally bound to a government- dictated level of liability. ²OEM also applies to a multitude of licensed component manufacturers, such as Ferodo, Bosch, BBS, NGK, etc. While these meet the industry definition of OEM, they are frequently called OEM Suppliers within the industry to prevent confusion with the automobile brand names. OEM suppliers manufacture parts and components for automakers (OEMs) for use in the assembly or production of new vehicles while the aftermarket 3
    • deals with the production of parts and components to replace or supplement parts that were included in a vehicle’s original assembly. 3. motor vehicle body and trailer sector 4. authorized automotive network 5. automotive aftermarket o US$17.8 billion industry o composed of companies that manufacture, distribute and install automotive replacement parts, accessories, tools and equipment. The Canadian auto parts market can be divided into two subsectors: 1. Original Equipment Auto Parts - used in the production of new vehicles Canada is home to many world renowned auto manufacturers, including GM, Ford, Daimler, Chrysler, Toyota and Honda, while truck manufacturers include DaimlerChrysler, Navistar, Hino and many others. These manufacturers design and assemble their vehicles but they rely and outsource the production of their vehicle parts to OEM manufacturers/suppliers. The manufacturing process follows the supply chain which is traditionally organized in tiers. There are three basic types of OEM suppliers: • Tier 1 suppliers - provide parts and systems directly to the automaker (eg the fuel pump) and must meet the technical and quality specifications and requirements requested by the manufacturer. • Tier 2 suppliers - provide simpler components for the parts and systems that Tier-one suppliers produce for the manufacturer. • Tier 3 suppliers - provide components for the parts and systems that Tier-two and Tier-one suppliers produce for the vehicle manufacturer. The tier-one direct suppliers are large global firms, which are either specialized in complex systems, or integrators of several simpler subsystems. As the tier suppliers attributions become more significant, they are playing a more important role as systems integrators, capable of designing and integrating components, subassemblies, and systems into modules that are shipped or placed directly by the supplier in the automakers’ assembly plants, systems manufacturers setting standards for components, systems or subsystems, and raw material supplier supplying raw materials to other tiers. All the suppliers are interrelated, and interconnected. Many of them have to supply “just-in-time” and when this does not happen, the whole manufacturing chain is affected. 2. Auto Aftermarket Parts and Accessories - used to repair and replace auto parts once the car has left the dealership Higher demand for quality spare parts drives the automotive aftermarket. The increasing number of vehicles on the road, translating into demand for spare parts and offsets the intense competition and market maturity in the automotive aftermarket. Research also suggests that most owners of vehicles that are older than five years turn to the aftermarket for parts. The prevalent aggressive driving style leads to faster wearing out of tires and other parts of the vehicles. 4
    • The automotive aftermarket is experiencing severe price pressures, vendor consolidation, and intense distributor consolidation and is witnessing the emergence of increasingly powerful distributors. Imported products are currently flooding the market, further intensifying the existing competition. Many suppliers are pushing hard to cut costs. A large number of them are reducing inventory or resorting to a two-step distribution structure, where warehouses sell directly to installers and jobbers buy directly from vendors. 3. MARKET TRENDS Alternative Fuels. While green power trains continuing to impact substantially on the industry, the alternative fuel market is also expected to achieve significant results. Like the US, Canada is pumping an enormous amount of investment in support of biofuel production (ethanol and biodiesel). Environmentally Friendly Plants and Motor Vehicles. In February 2008, the Canadian government launched two programs to raise awareness among consumers in choosing eco-friendly and economical vehicles. Automakers developing greener cars will receive tax incentives. Consequently Canada’s auto industry has invested more than US$9.843 billion in R&D activity aimed at green technology development and to improve the environmental performance of existing manufacturing plants. Hybrid Technology Research. Hybrid vehicles are becoming extremely popular among Canadians, due to their reputation for fuel efficiency and environmental friendliness. According to a 2006 Green Car Congress publication, there are more than 6,000 hybrid vehicles in Canada, and that number is poised to rise significantly as automakers introduce more hybrid versions of best-selling models. Some of the popular hybrids in Canada include the Honda Civic Hybrid, Toyota Prius, Ford Escape Hybrid and the Lexus RX400h. The market for diesel engines is also expanding rapidly. Diesel engines are currently in favor due to advanced developments which have made them cleaner and much quieter. Preference Toward Small Fuel Efficient Cars. The constant consumers concern toward fuel economy has been driving automakers to build small, fuel-efficient cars. The small car segment represents nearly half of total passenger cars sold in Canada today. Canadians prefer subcompacts due to their good mileage and lower costs. The Smart minicar developed by DaimlerChrysler has had a very successful impact in Canada. First time new car buyers, aged between 21 and 35, with a median income of US$39,374 a year are the main target market for these small cars. The Toyota Yaris, Honda Fit and Nissan Versa were launched to take advantage of this rapidly growing market trend. In line with this initiative, the Government’s have introduced incentive program to reward consumers for buying certain fuel-efficient cars. 5
    • 4. TRADE STATISTICS Canada Imports of HS8708 from the World (1999-2008) World Trade Atlas HS8708 - Auto Parts & Accessories (of Heading 8701 to 8705) Selected Product Groups - Canada Imports -Total- Millions of US Dollars (January-December) Year % Share % Change Rank Country 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 - 08/07 - -- The World -- 20,400.37 20,689.61 17,884.74 100.00 100.00 100.00 (13.56) 1 United States 16,693.03 16,836.86 14,248.15 81.83 81.38 79.67 (15.38) 2 Mexico 887.29 1,160.06 1,063.23 4.35 5.61 5.95 (8.35) 3 Japan 1,417.78 1,155.94 1,004.48 6.95 5.59 5.62 (13.10) 4 China 351.68 479.02 553.42 1.72 2.32 3.09 15.53 5 Germany 264.64 248.73 237.06 1.30 1.20 1.33 (4.69) 6 Korea, South 114.31 153.22 188.15 0.56 0.74 1.05 22.80 7 Taiwan 96.95 106.37 110.23 0.48 0.51 0.62 3.63 8 Canada 141.34 127.37 92.72 0.69 0.62 0.52 (27.20) 9 Italy 67.86 62.96 63.48 0.33 0.30 0.36 0.82 10 Brazil 54.21 55.86 53.13 0.27 0.27 0.30 (4.90) 11 Spain 57.40 43.44 26.76 0.28 0.21 0.15 (38.39) 12 India 25.25 32.16 25.66 0.12 0.16 0.14 (20.19) 13 United Kingdom 29.01 28.02 25.33 0.14 0.14 0.14 (9.61) 14 France 19.51 18.56 25.02 0.10 0.09 0.14 34.78 15 Thailand 18.60 25.24 21.72 0.09 0.12 0.12 (13.93) 16 Sweden 15.94 16.23 12.89 0.08 0.08 0.07 (20.58) 17 Austria 17.99 17.35 11.45 0.09 0.08 0.06 (34.01) 18 Malaysia 6.21 8.18 11.16 0.03 0.04 0.06 36.35 19 Belgium 7.34 9.07 9.61 0.04 0.04 0.05 6.00 20 South Africa 4.33 5.21 8.64 0.02 0.03 0.05 65.64 Source of Data: Statistics Canada 6
    • World Trade Atlas Canada - Imports -Total- from -- The World -- Millions of US Dollars (January-December) Year % Share % Change HS Description 2006 2007 2008 2006 % 2007 Share 2008 - 08/07 - -- The World -- 20,400.3 20,689.6 17,884.7 100.00 100.00 100.00 (13.56) 8708 Parts & Access For Motor Vehicle 7 20,400.3 1 20,689.6 4 17,884.7 100.00 100.00 100.00 (13.56) 7 1 4 87082 Motor Vehicle Body Pts/Acc 5,897.13 5,660.60 4,857.28 28.90 27.36 27.20 (14.19) 987084 Gear Boxes 2,933.23 3,443.81 2,997.23 14.40 16.65 16.80 (12.97) 087089 Other 8708 5,260.21 2,831.87 2,310.58 25.80 13.69 12.90 (18.41) 987085 Drive Axle With Differential 1,272.53 1,798.98 1,447.43 6.24 8.70 8.09 (19.54) 087083 Brakes And Servo-Brakes, And Parts 0.00 1,509.41 1,294.85 0.00 7.30 7.24 (14.21) 087088 Suspension Shock Absorber 353.71 1,089.58 1,130.06 1.73 5.27 6.32 3.71 087089 Steer Wheel Related 637.97 1,216.82 1,035.00 3.13 5.88 5.79 (14.94) 487087 Road Wheels 903.54 924.92 900.22 4.43 4.47 5.03 (2.67) 087089 Safety Airbags With Inflator 0.00 386.50 446.63 0.00 1.87 2.50 15.56 587089 Silencers (Mufflers), Exhaust Pipe 376.67 492.50 442.55 1.85 2.38 2.47 (10.14) 287089 Radiators 297.04 379.65 320.13 1.46 1.84 1.79 (15.68) 187089 Clutches 247.48 327.85 271.79 1.21 1.59 1.52 (17.1) 387081 Bumpers 306.96 337.86 255.46 1.51 1.63 1.43 (24.39) 087082 Safety Seat Belts 212.44 289.26 175.55 1.04 1.40 0.98 (39.31) 187083 Mounted Brake Lining 138.33 0.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 187083 Brake, Servo-Brake 1,367.66 0.00 0.00 6.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 987086 Non-Driving Axles 195.49 0.00 0.00 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 Source of Data: Statistics Canada World Trade Atlas Canada - Imports -Total- from Malaysia Millions of US Dollars (January-December) Year %Share % Change HS Description 2006 2007 2008 2006 2007 2008 - 08/07 - Malaysia 6.21 8.18 11.16 0.03 0.04 0.06 36.35 8708 Parts & Access For Motor Vehicle 6.21 8.18 11.16 100.00 100.00 100.00 36.35 870829 Motor Vehicle Body Pts/Acc 4.15 6.57 9.53 66.76 80.34 85.43 45.00 870892 Silencers (Mufflers), Exhaust Pipe 1.33 0.92 1.22 21.38 11.28 10.90 31.80 870899 Other 8708 0.11 0.08 0.16 1.81 0.94 1.41 104.95 870870 Road Wheels 0.57 0.52 0.14 9.13 6.37 1.29 (72.38) 870840 Gear Boxes 0.00 0.04 0.03 0.06 0.50 0.23 (35.71) 870891 Radiators 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.15 0.16 0.21 73.48 870830 Brakes And Servo-Brakes, For M 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.20 0.18 19.76 870880 Suspension Shock Absorber 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.11 0.18 0.16 19.92 870894 Steer Wheel Related 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.11 440.39 870810 Bumpers 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.07 11,288.99 870893 Clutches 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.01 0.00 870850 Drive Axle With Differential 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 (55.74) 870821 Safety Seat Belts 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 870831 Mounted Brake Lining 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 870839 Brake, Servo-Brake 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 Source of Data: Statistics Canada 7
    • 5. STANDARS AND REGULATIONS Regulation of Vehicle Safety and Performance • is the responsibility of Transport Canada ( and the respective provincial governments Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations: Samples of the standards and regulations are as follows: o Technical Standards Document No. 105, Revision 4 - Hydraulic and Electric Brake Systems. This standard specifies equipment and performance requirements for service brakes and for parking brake systems: o Technical Standards Document No. 120, Revision 0 - Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of More Than 4,536 kg. This standard specifies tire and rim selection requirements and rim marking requirements: • is mostly harmonized with that in the US Regulation of Smog-Forming Vehicle Emissions • is the responsibility of Environment Canada ( for new vehicles, and the respective provincial governments for in-use vehicles • is harmonized with that in the US Policy and Regulatory Environment • Public debate on the auto sector continues to focus on air pollution, fuel consumption and carbon emissions that contribute to climate change. In January 2008, Canada’s Ministry of Transportation pushed for the country’s first motor vehicle fuel consumption regulations aimed at improving motor vehicle fuel efficiency and environmental performance. • Under the planned fuel economy standards, the industry proposed mandatory standards for automakers to achieve a feet average of 35mpg, beginning with the 2011 model year. So far, the industry has successfully implemented more than a dozen voluntary agreements aimed at improving the environment. • The Canadian Company Average Fuel Consumption (CAFC standards) standards that are consistent with US Federal Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE standards) standards include vehicle safety advancements and improvements and emissions reductions. Automotive Safety Features • Government regulations and consumer demand for increased safety have lead to higher demand for new automotive safety features. Examples are side airbags and inflatable curtains, to go along with driver and passenger side air bags which are now standard in all vehicles. Fuel Economy Standards • is the responsibility of Transport Canada and Natural Resources Canada ( • a voluntary vehicle fuel consumption standards program, known as Company Average Fuel Consumption (CAFC), and a voluntary agreement on reducing green- 8
    • house gas (GHG) emissions are both administered through Memoranda of Understanding with the auto industry • CAFC is harmonized with the US fuel economy standards Quality Standard • ISO 9001:2000 defines specific requirements for the automotive sector • TS16949 applies to the design/development, production and, when relevant, installation and servicing of automotive-related products. The requirements are intended to be applied throughout the supply chain that means they include auto part suppliers. Additional information on industry standards on various products and issues may also be found with the following organizations: • Standards Council of Canada ( • Institute for National Measurement & Standards (http://inms-ienm.nrc- • Underwriters’ Laboratories of Canada ( • Environment Canada ( • Ministry of Transportation - Ontario ( • Society of Automotive Engineers ( Note: SAE International is the premier membership society dedicated to advancing mobility engineering worldwide. 6. IMPORT TARIFFS The 2009 Harmonized Tariff Schedule for Canada is available at the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA’s): Note: Malaysian exports are eligible for reduced tariff rate for certain selected product categories under the General Preferential Tariff (GPT) treatment Section XVII HS87 - Vehicles, other than Railway or Tramway Rolling-Stock, and Parts and Accessories, thereof Imports of automotive goods into Canada from countries with MFN status: • Parts : Free to 8.5% • Vehicles : 6.1% HS8708 - Parts and Accessories of the Motor Vehicles, of Heading 87.01 to 87.05: Examples: • Bumpers (HS 8708.10.10): 6% • Brakes and servo-brakes; parts thereof (HS 8708.30): Free to 6% • Gear boxes and parts thereof (HS 8708.40): Free to 6% • Wheel rims (HS 8708.70): Free for tractors, Other - 6% • Suspension Systems Shock Absorbers (HS 8708.80): Free to 6% 9
    • 10
    • 7. DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS Most common distribution channels (where auto parts are sold) include: • Tier 1 Supplier (manufacturer to the vehicle assemblers who are responsible for delivery of the finished assembly, product development and continued technology renewal) • Tier 2 Supplier (producer of parts providing value-added to minor sub-assembly) • Tier 3 Supplier (supplier of engineered materials and special services, such as rolls of sheet steel, bars and heat treating, surface treatments) • Warehouse Distributor (eg distributors perform many of the same functions as wholesalers, such as selling, physical distribution, credit, etc) • Auto parts store/retailer (jobber and retail auto parts stores which primarily sell automotive products and conduct business at the retail level) • Specialty repair shop (retail outlet which offers specialized vehicle products and services) • Independent Repair Shop (small service outlet offering specialized repair services) • Body shop (service outlet specializing in vehicle body repair work) 8. OPPORTUNITIES/CHALLENGES FOR MALAYSIAN EXPORTERS The automotive industry is extremely challenging business characterized by rapid technological change, frequent new product introductions, customer pricing pressures, and supplier insolvencies. Auto parts manufacturers can compete successfully depending in large on its ability to maintain a technically competent workforce and to adapt to technological changes and advances in the industry, including providing for the continued compatibility of its products with evolving industry standards and protocols. As the supplier base for the OEMs and their Tiers is constantly changing and evolving driven by price and engineering design changes, it is prerequisite for Malaysian auto parts exporters not only to improve their productivity and competitiveness but also have to adapt and operate in a capital intensive business environment and therefore need to be financially able to purchase new equipment and technology for future production and tooling upgrading. The process of getting introduced to and/or accepted in the highly integrated auto parts supply chain is tedious, requiring many follow-up meetings, analysis of the products, documentations, standards and all the matters related to the production process. Suppliers that could provide their own technical solutions in the vehicle design and development process have “extra benefits” added to their already low cost and extra quality parts as automakers have come too dependent on suppliers for advanced engineering and product design in creating new parts and systems (ie cost and weight reduction, simpler manufacturing or assembly). Two major challenges facing auto part producers will be accelerating technology advances and changing distribution channels. Computer controlled flexible manufacturing technologies are very expensive but are needed to produce a wider variety of products to fit all makes and models. Gaining this technological edge will be 11
    • necessary to remain competitive. There is also considerable pressure, especially in the aftermarket sector, to minimize distribution costs to increase value to the retailer or installer. Manufacturers will continually seek new way to sell directly to retailers. Consumers of auto aftermarket products are demanding higher quality and value in the term of extended warranties, superior service and competitive pricing. 12
    • ANNEX 1: MAJOR AUTO PART SUPPLIERS Among the largest Canadian OEM suppliers: • Magna International • Linamar Corp • Martinrea International • TRW Automotive • Tesma • Ventra Group (or Flex-N-Gate Canada) Magna International Inc (W: • It is Canada’s leading auto parts manufacturer • The most diversified global automotive supplier • It designs, develops and manufactures technologically advanced automotive systems, assemblies, modules and components, and engineers and assembles complete vehicles, primarily for sale to original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs") of cars and light trucks. • Its capabilities include the design, engineering, testing and manufacture of automotive interior systems; seating systems; closure systems; body and chassis systems; vision systems; electronic systems; exterior systems; powertrain systems; roof systems; as well as complete vehicle engineering and assembly • Outlook - Magna’s future remains volatile. It cut its quarterly dividend to $0.18 a share as a result of a reduction in profitability and uncertainty about the timing of an industry recovery in its traditional markets and a declining production in North America and Europe. Before the crisis Magna was displaying signs of becoming the world’s top parts maker. Despite a challenging year, the supplier expect sales of between US$24.9 billion and US$26.2 billion, on the strength of cost-savings and expansion in emerging markets through mergers and acquisitions (M&A). Linamar Corp (W: • Linamar is the second auto components maker in Canada • It is a global manufacturer and supplier of leading solutions of highly engineered products to the automotive industry • 2 development centers • C$2.26 billion company • 25 manufacturing facilities Martinrea International Inc (W: • Tier 1 automotive supplier • A global leader in the production of quality metal parts, assemblies and modules • Over 7000 people employed at 30 divisions in Canada, the United States, Mexico and Europe • Recognized for innovation in engineering solutions in technologically-advanced product development and manufacturing • Martinrea’s expertise includes fluid handling systems and a broad range of metal forming, including hydro forming, stampings, welded assemblies, class A and body and chassis systems 13
    • • Customers: Ford, GM, Chrysler, Faurecia, Magna, Jaguar, Flex-N-Gate, Dai Woo, Nissan, Renault, Volkswagen, BMW, Cami Automotive TRW Automotive (W: • Among the world's largest automotive suppliers and is one of the top financial performers in the industry, with 2007 sales of $14.7 billion • Supplies more than 40 major vehicle manufacturers and 250 nameplates • Leader in automotive safety producing advanced active systems in braking; steering and suspension; and sophisticated occupant safety systems, including airbags, seat belts and steering wheels • 66,000 employees working in more than 200 locations in every vehicle-producing region worldwide Tesma (W: • Tesma is a publicly traded systems group of its parent company Magna International Inc (Magna is the controlling shareholder of Tesma) • With operations in North America, South America, Europe and Asia, Tesma plays a global role in automobile production. • Reputation for reliability, advanced technological capability and managerial efficiency. • Tesma employs over 5,800 employees in 30 manufacturing facilities (including 2 start-up facilities in China) and five focused tooling, design and R&D centers • Three principal product technology groups: Tesma Engine Technologies; Tesma Transmission Technologies; and Tesma Fuel Technologies. (each of these facilities operates as an autonomous unit) Flex-N-Gate (W: • Flex-N-Gate (FNG) is a subsidiary of Ventra Group. • FNG Ventra Group in Canada is a Tier-1 supplier for automotive OEMs. • One of top 100 auto parts suppliers in the world. • Annual revenue: US$3 billion • Operates facilities in North and South America, and Europe. • Employees: over 15,000 • Company makes: automotive mechanical assemblies including, door and hood hinges, jacking-related tools, latches, pedal assemblies, and parking brake mechanisms. Ventra's plastics business makes injection-moulded and painted automotive components, such as exterior trim, bumper systems, and cooling fan shrouds. • One of the world’s largest producers for car jacks with annual sales worth US$14 million (accounted for 35 per cent of world’s output). • Purchase materials and components for its manufacturing facilities: machining, casting, investment casting, die casting, forging, cold heading, powder metal, fine blanking, metal stamping parts, steel materials, tubes, rubber and plastics parts, spring, bearing, wire forming, fasteners. • Sources of imports: China, India, Korea, Taiwan, Thailand • Customers: General Motors (GM), Ford, Chrysler, Toyota, Honda, BMW, Daimler Benz 14
    • 15
    • ANNEX 2: AUTOMOTIVE ASSOCIATIONS IN CANADA Association of International Automobile Manufacturers of Canada Suite 1618 Box 60 438 University Avenue Toronto, Ontario Canada M5G 2K8 Phone: 416-595-8251 Fax: 416-595-2864 Email: Website: Automotive Industries Association of Canada 1272 Wellington Street West Ottawa, Ontario Canada K1Y 3A7 Phone: 1-800-808-2920 Fax: 613-728-6021 Email: Website: Automotive Parts Manufacturers' Association of Canada Suite 801, 10 Four Seasons Place Toronto, Ontario Canada M9B 6H7 Phone: 416-620-4220 Fax: 416-620-9730 Email: Website: Quebec’s Automotive Parts Manufacturers' Association 1512, rue Michaud Drummondville, Québec Canada J2C 7V3 Phone: 1-866-499-4494 Fax: 819-472-6520 Email: Website: Canadian Auto Workers (CAW) 205 Placer Court Toronto, Ontario Canada M2H 3H9 Phone: 416-497-4110/1-800-268-5763 Fax: 416-495-6559 Email: Website: Canadian Automobile Dealers Association of Canada 85 Renfrew Drive Markham, Ontario 16
    • Canada L3R 0N9 Phone: 905-940-4959 Fax: 905-940-6870 Email: Website: Canadian Plastics Industry Association Suite 712, 5915 Airport Road Mississauga, Ontario Canada L4V 1T1 Phone: 905-678-7748 Fax: 905-678-0774 Email: Website: Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers' Association Suite 400, 170 Attwell Drive Toronto, Ontario Canada M9W 5Z5 Phone: 416-364-9333/1-800-758-7122 Fax: 416-367-3221 Email: Website: Japan Automobile Manufacturers' Association of Canada Suite 460, 151 Bloor Street West Toronto, Ontario Canada M5S 1S4 Phone: 416-968-0150 Fax: 416-968-7095 Email: Website: Rubber Association of Canada Suite 250, 2000 Argentia Road, Plaza 4 Mississauga, Ontario Canada L5N 1W1 Phone: 905-814-1714 Fax: 905-814-1085 Email: Website: Used Car Dealers Association of Ontario Suite 205, 4174 Dundas Street West Toronto, Ontario Canada M8X 1X3 Phone: 1-800-268-2598 Fax: 416-232-0775 Email: Website: 17