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  • Beyond Gasoline: Fuel Economy
  • CAFE Standards Corporate Average Fuel Economy Mileage requirements for new vehicles
  • Current CAFE Standards
    • 27.5 mpg for passenger automobiles
    • 20.7 mpg for light trucks & SUVs
  • How do we make cars that use less gasoline?
    • Reduce wind drag
    • Reduce weight
    • More efficient engines and drive trains
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
    • Gasoline Engine
    • Electric motor
    • Does not need to be recharged
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
  • Some Examples of 2007 Fuel Efficient Models
  • Toyota Prius
    • Sedan
    • $22,200
    • Hybrid
    • 48 mpg
    • 110 hp
  • Honda Civic Hybrid
    • Sedan
    • $22,600
    • Hybrid
    • 45 mpg
    • 110 hp
  • Toyota Yaris Liftback
    • Sedan
    • $11,000
    • Gasoline
    • 40 mpg
    • 106hp
  • Scion xB
    • Sedan
    • $14,600
    • Gasoline
    • 37 mpg
    • 103 hp
  • Honda Fit
    • 5-Door
    • $13,900
    • Gasoline
    • 37 mpg
    • 109 hp
  • Honda Civic EX
    • Sedan
    • $18,700
    • Gasoline
    • 37 mpg
    • 140 hp
  • Ford Escape Hybrid
    • SUV
    • $26,000
    • Hybrid
    • 30 mpg
    • 230 hp
  • How long does it take to change the US auto fleet?
    • 210 million cars and light trucks in US
    • 19 million new cars and trucks each year
    • 200,000 new HEVs in 2005.
    • Vehicles last 140,000 miles or 10 years
    • Changing rolling stock takes several years.
  • Policies – Feebate
    • Extra fee to buy a gasoline SUV
    • Rebate when buying a HEV
    • Nissan Armada: 13 mpg