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Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids David Butke Automotive Instructor [email_address]
WHAT IS A HYBRID? <ul><li>A hybrid is a vehicle that is propelled by two power sources. </li></ul>
OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Types of hybrid vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid vehicle operation </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly asked qu...
LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Full hybrid  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Medium hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><...
LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Mild Hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Basic Components <ul><li>Power plant ICE </li></ul><ul><li>Electric motor / Generator </li></ul><ul><li>Battery  </li></ul...
TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Series hybrid  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle propulsion is by a electric motor only </li>...
TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Parallel hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses multiple propulsion energy sources </li></ul><...
TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Series-parallel hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These vehicles can operate using the electri...
HOW DO I START THIS THING?
IS THIS VEHICLE RUNNING?
Maintenance <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles require the same maintenance as regular vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>However, some hybri...
HOW LONG WILL A HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY LAST? <ul><li>Most hybrid high voltage batteries last 180,000 to 240,000 miles </li><...
ARE HYBRID VEHICLES SAFE? <ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The following will disable the high voltage system </li></ul>...
WHAT HAPPENS IF A HYBRID VEHICLE IS SUBMERGED IN WATER? <ul><li>There is no risk of electric shock from touching the car's...
IS IT EXPENSIVE TO INSURE A HYBRID VEHICLE? <ul><li>Some insurance companies indicate that drivers of hybrid vehicles are ...
SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?         Hybrid  Combined  Annual  Annual Hybrid  Years to Year  Make  Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel C...
SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?          Hybrid  Combined  Annual  Annual Hybrid  Years to Year  Make  Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel ...
HYBRID VEHICLE VS REGULAR VEHICLE <ul><li>Advantages  </li></ul><ul><li>Better mileage  </li></ul><ul><li>Improved acceler...
<ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul>
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Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids

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Transcript of "Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids"

  1. 1. Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids David Butke Automotive Instructor [email_address]
  2. 2. WHAT IS A HYBRID? <ul><li>A hybrid is a vehicle that is propelled by two power sources. </li></ul>
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Types of hybrid vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid vehicle operation </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly asked questions about hybrids </li></ul><ul><li>The pay back rate of hybrids </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages of owning a hybrid </li></ul>
  4. 4. LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Full hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerative braking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most are capable of using the electric motor alone to propel the vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The electric motor also assists the engine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battery voltages are about 200 to 300 volts </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Medium hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerative braking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most are not capable of using the electric motor alone to propel the vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The electric motor usually assists the engine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Battery voltages are about 144 to 158 volts </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Mild Hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feature idle-stop function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regenerative braking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are not capable of using the electric motor to propel the vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These systems are usually 42 volts or less </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Basic Components <ul><li>Power plant ICE </li></ul><ul><li>Electric motor / Generator </li></ul><ul><li>Battery </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Inverter </li></ul>
  8. 8. TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Series hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle propulsion is by a electric motor only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICE is used for charging the HV battery </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Parallel hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses multiple propulsion energy sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This means the electric motor and ICE propels the vehicle </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES <ul><li>Series-parallel hybrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These vehicles can operate using the electric motor alone or with assist of the ICE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They combine both functions of series and parallel design </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. HOW DO I START THIS THING?
  12. 12. IS THIS VEHICLE RUNNING?
  13. 13. Maintenance <ul><li>Hybrid vehicles require the same maintenance as regular vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>However, some hybrids require inverter flushes and battery filter changes. </li></ul><ul><li>There be additional costs involved in replacing low rolling resistance tires. </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle repairs may cost more than a regular vehicle </li></ul>
  14. 14. HOW LONG WILL A HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY LAST? <ul><li>Most hybrid high voltage batteries last 180,000 to 240,000 miles </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture battery warranties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 years / 80,000 miles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toyota </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 years / 100,000 miles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ford </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 years / 100,000 miles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Motors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 years / 100,000 miles </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. ARE HYBRID VEHICLES SAFE? <ul><li>YES! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The following will disable the high voltage system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High voltage interlock circuit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airbag deployment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High voltage leak </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Removing battery negative </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. WHAT HAPPENS IF A HYBRID VEHICLE IS SUBMERGED IN WATER? <ul><li>There is no risk of electric shock from touching the car's body or framework—in or out of the water. </li></ul>
  17. 17. IS IT EXPENSIVE TO INSURE A HYBRID VEHICLE? <ul><li>Some insurance companies indicate that drivers of hybrid vehicles are a lower risk. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May save 5-10% on insurance costs by owning a hybrid vehicle </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?         Hybrid Combined Annual Annual Hybrid Years to Year Make Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel Cost Fuel Savings Break Even 2010 Toyota Prius $22,400.00 None 46.5 $880.65       2010 Ford Escape $25,305.00   25 $1,638.00 $378.00 16.38888889 2010 Ford Escape Hybrid $31,500.00 $6,195.00 32.5 $1,260.00   2010 Toyota Camery $23,165.00   22.5 $1,820.00 $597.61 4.994896337 2010 Toyota Camery Hybrid $26,150.00 $2,985.00 33.5 $1,222.39   2010 Ford Fusion $24,330.00   22.2 $1,844.59 $780.95 4.219220181 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid $27,625.00 $3,295.00 38.5 $1,063.64   2010 Honda Civic $18,700.00   30 $1,365.00 $401.47 12.70331532 2010 Honda Civic Hybrid $23,800.00 $5,100.00 42.5 $963.53   2010 Toyota Highlander $33,070.00   23.5 $1,742.55 $167.55 9.728439272 2010 Toyota Highlander Hybrid $34,700.00 $1,630.00 26 $1,575.00
  19. 19. SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?         Hybrid Combined Annual Annual Hybrid Years to Year Make Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel Cost Fuel Savings Break Even 2010 Toyota Prius $22,400.00 None 46.5 $1,467.74       2010 Ford Escape $25,305.00   25 $2,730.00 $630.00 9.833333333 2010 Ford Escape Hybrid $31,500.00 $6,195.00 32.5 $2,100.00   2010 Toyota Camery $23,165.00   22.5 $3,033.33 $996.02 2.996927773 2010 Toyota Camery Hybrid $26,150.00 $2,985.00 33.5 $2,037.31   2010 Ford Fusion $24,330.00   22.2 $3,074.32 $1,301.60 2.531499693 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid $27,625.00 $3,295.00 38.5 $1,772.72   2010 Honda Civic $18,700.00   30 $2,275.00 $669.12 7.62195122 2010 Honda Civic Hybrid $23,800.00 $5,100.00 42.5 $1,605.88   2010 Toyota Highlander $33,070.00   23.5 $2,904.25 $279.25 5.837063563 2010 Toyota Highlander Hybrid $34,700.00 $1,630.00 26 $2,625.00
  20. 20. HYBRID VEHICLE VS REGULAR VEHICLE <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Better mileage </li></ul><ul><li>Improved acceleration (most of the time) </li></ul><ul><li>Less dependence on fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Lower emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Some states provide incentives for driving a hybrid </li></ul><ul><li>Great driving experience </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Little highway mileage increase </li></ul><ul><li>High initial cost </li></ul><ul><li>Needs high fuel cost to be worthwhile </li></ul><ul><li>Could cost more to repair </li></ul><ul><li>Extra maintenance items </li></ul><ul><li>Some hybrids need special tires </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul>
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