• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids
 

Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids

on

  • 1,851 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,851
Views on SlideShare
1,851
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
133
Comments
1

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

11 of 1 previous next

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • Thanks a lot !
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids Presentation Transcript

    • Everything You Wanted to Know About Hybrids David Butke Automotive Instructor [email_address]
    • WHAT IS A HYBRID?
      • A hybrid is a vehicle that is propelled by two power sources.
    • OBJECTIVES
      • Types of hybrid vehicles
      • Hybrid vehicle operation
      • Commonly asked questions about hybrids
      • The pay back rate of hybrids
      • Advantages and disadvantages of owning a hybrid
    • LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Full hybrid
        • They feature idle-stop function
        • Regenerative braking
        • Most are capable of using the electric motor alone to propel the vehicle
        • The electric motor also assists the engine
        • Battery voltages are about 200 to 300 volts
    • LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Medium hybrid
        • They feature idle-stop function
        • Regenerative braking
        • Most are not capable of using the electric motor alone to propel the vehicle
        • The electric motor usually assists the engine
        • Battery voltages are about 144 to 158 volts
    • LEVELS OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Mild Hybrid
        • They feature idle-stop function
        • Regenerative braking
        • Are not capable of using the electric motor to propel the vehicle
        • These systems are usually 42 volts or less
    • Basic Components
      • Power plant ICE
      • Electric motor / Generator
      • Battery
      • Transmission
      • Inverter
    • TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Series hybrid
        • Vehicle propulsion is by a electric motor only
        • ICE is used for charging the HV battery
    • TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Parallel hybrid
        • Uses multiple propulsion energy sources
        • This means the electric motor and ICE propels the vehicle
    • TYPES OF HYBRID VEHICLES
      • Series-parallel hybrid
        • These vehicles can operate using the electric motor alone or with assist of the ICE
        • They combine both functions of series and parallel design
    • HOW DO I START THIS THING?
    • IS THIS VEHICLE RUNNING?
    • Maintenance
      • Hybrid vehicles require the same maintenance as regular vehicles
      • However, some hybrids require inverter flushes and battery filter changes.
      • There be additional costs involved in replacing low rolling resistance tires.
      • Vehicle repairs may cost more than a regular vehicle
    • HOW LONG WILL A HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY LAST?
      • Most hybrid high voltage batteries last 180,000 to 240,000 miles
      • Manufacture battery warranties
        • Honda
          • 8 years / 80,000 miles
        • Toyota
          • 8 years / 100,000 miles
        • Ford
          • 8 years / 100,000 miles
        • General Motors
          • 8 years / 100,000 miles
    • ARE HYBRID VEHICLES SAFE?
      • YES!
        • The following will disable the high voltage system
          • High voltage interlock circuit
          • Airbag deployment
          • High voltage leak
          • Removing battery negative
    • WHAT HAPPENS IF A HYBRID VEHICLE IS SUBMERGED IN WATER?
      • There is no risk of electric shock from touching the car's body or framework—in or out of the water.
    • IS IT EXPENSIVE TO INSURE A HYBRID VEHICLE?
      • Some insurance companies indicate that drivers of hybrid vehicles are a lower risk.
        • May save 5-10% on insurance costs by owning a hybrid vehicle
    • SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?         Hybrid Combined Annual Annual Hybrid Years to Year Make Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel Cost Fuel Savings Break Even 2010 Toyota Prius $22,400.00 None 46.5 $880.65       2010 Ford Escape $25,305.00   25 $1,638.00 $378.00 16.38888889 2010 Ford Escape Hybrid $31,500.00 $6,195.00 32.5 $1,260.00   2010 Toyota Camery $23,165.00   22.5 $1,820.00 $597.61 4.994896337 2010 Toyota Camery Hybrid $26,150.00 $2,985.00 33.5 $1,222.39   2010 Ford Fusion $24,330.00   22.2 $1,844.59 $780.95 4.219220181 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid $27,625.00 $3,295.00 38.5 $1,063.64   2010 Honda Civic $18,700.00   30 $1,365.00 $401.47 12.70331532 2010 Honda Civic Hybrid $23,800.00 $5,100.00 42.5 $963.53   2010 Toyota Highlander $33,070.00   23.5 $1,742.55 $167.55 9.728439272 2010 Toyota Highlander Hybrid $34,700.00 $1,630.00 26 $1,575.00
    • SHOULD I BUY A HYBRID?         Hybrid Combined Annual Annual Hybrid Years to Year Make Model MSRP Premium MPG Fuel Cost Fuel Savings Break Even 2010 Toyota Prius $22,400.00 None 46.5 $1,467.74       2010 Ford Escape $25,305.00   25 $2,730.00 $630.00 9.833333333 2010 Ford Escape Hybrid $31,500.00 $6,195.00 32.5 $2,100.00   2010 Toyota Camery $23,165.00   22.5 $3,033.33 $996.02 2.996927773 2010 Toyota Camery Hybrid $26,150.00 $2,985.00 33.5 $2,037.31   2010 Ford Fusion $24,330.00   22.2 $3,074.32 $1,301.60 2.531499693 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid $27,625.00 $3,295.00 38.5 $1,772.72   2010 Honda Civic $18,700.00   30 $2,275.00 $669.12 7.62195122 2010 Honda Civic Hybrid $23,800.00 $5,100.00 42.5 $1,605.88   2010 Toyota Highlander $33,070.00   23.5 $2,904.25 $279.25 5.837063563 2010 Toyota Highlander Hybrid $34,700.00 $1,630.00 26 $2,625.00
    • HYBRID VEHICLE VS REGULAR VEHICLE
      • Advantages
      • Better mileage
      • Improved acceleration (most of the time)
      • Less dependence on fossil fuels
      • Lower emissions
      • Some states provide incentives for driving a hybrid
      • Great driving experience
      • Disadvantages
      • Little highway mileage increase
      • High initial cost
      • Needs high fuel cost to be worthwhile
      • Could cost more to repair
      • Extra maintenance items
      • Some hybrids need special tires
      • QUESTIONS?