Emissions from GG vehicles, subsidised vehicles, ships (SA Agulhas, research vessels) etc.
Emissions during use of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.
Scope 2 – indirect emissions - electricity
Emissions from electricity consumption (Eskom).
Scope 3 – indirect emissions
Business travel by plane, car (rentals), shuttle service.
Other business travel (for example claims for use of own vehicle).
Fugitive emissions (leakage from air conditioning systems).
Other scope 3 emissions such as computers, paper consumption, waste etc.
The report has 3 goals to provide a detailed analysis of the carbon footprint of the department 2 to serve as a planning tool for reducing the department’s environmental impacts 1 to provide a detailed analysis of the carbon footprint of the department 3 to serve as a model for other government departments
Chapter 6: Total emissions & comparison with JSE top 100 companies
Chapter 7: Emission reduction options & targets
Chapter 8: Offsetting & recommendations
Minister Deputy Minister CD: Ministry Office of the Chief Operating Officer Internal Audit Branch Tourism Branch Environmental Quality and Protection Branch Marine and Coastal Management Branch Biodiversity and Conservation Unit Specialist Unit International Cooperation Branch Corporate Affairs Some sections/activities excluded Included in audit Unit Chief Financial Officer Approved 17 March 2008 Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
In setting a reduction target for the department, consideration should be given to what is practically achievable , considering also the emissions profile of the department.
While emissions from electricity consumption are the biggest contributor to the department’s carbon footprint, emissions from business travel by plane is clearly significant and presents opportunities for emission reduction .
Likewise, reduction targets set for emissions from subsidized vehicles, and emissions from GG vehicles, are more likely to succeed and will have a bigger impact in the short to medium term than reduction targets for emissions from computers or paper.
Setting and achieving reduction targets for emissions associated with staff commuting may be difficult.
Some emissions sources are interrelated. For example, domestic business travel by plane in most cases will require the use of rental vehicles. Setting reductions targets for plane travel will have the knock-on effect of reducing business travel using rented vehicles.
Replacing the existing fleet of GG vehicles with smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles can result in a reduction of carbon emissions. The question is however: what is realistically achievable?
Current total emissions from GG vehicles are 48.07 tons. Replacing the current fleet of medium size petrol driven vehicles with smaller, diesel powered vehicles will reduce emissions by 14% to 41.14 tons of CO2 .
Replacing the existing vehicles with a hybrid-type vehicle such as the Toyota Prius or the soon to be released Honda Civic hybrid, effectively changing from a category F to a category B Green Label vehicle, can reduce emissions by 44% to 26.74 tons of CO2 .
Green label A realistic reduction target for GG vehicles is 10-15% by 2015 Emissions g/km
Electricity – high : 15% of electricity from renewable resources by 2020 ( represents a reduction of 2 million kWh and 2,050 tons of CO 2 – equivalent to power generated by two of the turbines at the Darling Wind Farm)
Electricity – low : Respond to ESKOM’s national target of 10% reduction in energy consumption ( represents 1,364 tons of CO 2 )
Decide on a realistic emission reduction target or targets. This may only be possible after the second inventory and report has been completed.
Put policies and procedures in place to commit to the set target or targets.
Monitor and report on the attainment of the reduction target or targets.
Only use offsets as a last resort.
If offsets are to be purchased, give preference to renewable energy and energy efficiency projects that are verified under the United Nation’s clean development mechanism. Preference should be given to projects in South Africa.