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Updated Information on  Trade and Investment Opportunities in Thailand: Automotive Industry Part 2 Ms.Nattinee Netraumpai ...
Investment Opportunities for Automotive and Supplier Industries
Major Trade Partners in 2007 unit: million Baht USA Imports: 330,663 Exports: 662,741 China Imports: 564,591 Exports: 510,...
Thailand’s FTA Thailand-Japan FTA  (under implementation) JAPAN  :  128 million population ASEAN-Japan FTA KOREA:  48 mill...
Thailand – ASEAN Trade in 2007 unit: million Baht Cambodia Imports: 1,689 Exports: 46,718 Laos Imports: 16,296 Exports: 45...
Thailand-ASEAN Trade Source: Bank of Thailand, as of June 25, 2008
ASEAN Economies as a Potential Single Market 567.56 84.20 65.23 4.84 86.91 26.69 222.05 Population  (million) 1,404.81 6.0...
Pure  Thai 23  % SMEs Foreign   J/V Foreign Majority  47  % . Local Suppliers  Tier 1 LSEs (Total  648 Companies)  Thai  M...
MAPPING OF AUTO-ASSEMBLERS Ayudhaya - Honda Automobile (Thailand) Bangkok -Thai Honda Manufacturing (MC) Cholburi - Mitsub...
98% Exported at  Laem Chabang Port-LCP Source: Port Authority Thailand, Dr.Siri Jirapongphan Automotive Assemblers in Thai...
PRINCIPAL AUTO PARTS PRODUCTION SITES Pathumthani Total suppliers: 39 Body Parts: 18%, Engine Parts; Electrical Parts: 13%...
<ul><li>Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diesels, Motorcycles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engine Components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Major Steel Makers   in Thailand <ul><li>Sahaviriya Steel  </li></ul><ul><li>Siam Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Nippon Steel </l...
Current Demand in Automotive Industry
<ul><li>Passenger Car Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Injection Pumps * </li></ul><ul><li>Transmissions * </li></ul><ul><li...
Business Opportunities for  Automotive Electronics
World OEM Automotive Electronics Demand * Estimated. Source: The Freedonia Group. 7.5 8.7 152.8 106.3 70 Global demand   1...
Asia-Pacific OEM automotive electronics demand, 1996-2016* * Estimated Source: The Freedonia Group.
Distribution of Thailand’s Tier-1 Automotive Suppliers Source:  Company information; Thai Automotive Institute; Thai Depar...
Thailand’s OEM Automotive Electronics Demand, 1996-2016 * Value in USD. ** Value in millions of USD. *** Estimated. Source...
Thailand’s Automotive Electronics Technology Road Map Source: Thailand Embedded Systems Association.
Thailand’s Automotive Electronics: Strengths <ul><li>•  Growing consumer demand for automobiles, particularly those with h...
Thailand’s Automotive Electronics: Opportunities <ul><li>•  Growth of the automotive sector, particularly within the Asian...
BOI Incentives and Outsourcing Services
<ul><li>No export requirements </li></ul><ul><li>No foreign equity restrictions in manufacturing sectors </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>TAX INCENTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate income tax holidays up to 8 years </li></ul><ul><li>Import duty reducti...
BOI Basic Promotion Packages <ul><li>3 Investment Promotion Zones to promote industrial decentralization </li></ul>Zone:  ...
Passenger Car Project <ul><li>Start of Production 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Total investment 20,893 mil. Baht </li></ul><ul><...
Eco-Car Project <ul><li>Start of Production: 2010-2012  </li></ul><ul><li>Project approval:  6  projects </li></ul><ul><li...
R&D and Skill Labors <ul><li>In 1991, Isuzu established “Isuzu Technical Center of ASIA (ITA)” to promote localization of ...
Incentives: Automotive Industry Cluster  (Assemblers & Suppliers) <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total investmen...
Passenger Car Assembly Incentives <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimum investment no less than 15 billion baht...
<ul><ul><li>No corporate income tax holiday in any zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in Zone 1 receive  50%  reduct...
Incentives for Natural Gas Vehicles <ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><li>55,868 NGV vehicles* </li></ul><ul><li>166 NG...
<ul><li>No more than 5 litres/100 km </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions complaint with Euro 4 specification or higher-carbon diox...
Zone 3 Zone 2 Zone 1 <ul><ul><li>Examples :  Electronic Fuel Injection Systems, ABS Brake Systems, Substrates for Catalyti...
<ul><li>Investment and Expenditures on: </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development or design </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced te...
Internationally-acclaimed support services:   Dedicated to creating an enabling environment  for investment Overseas offic...
BUILD Activities <ul><li>Provide information on subcontracting opportunities in Thailand via database web applications </l...
Benefits to Supply Chain <ul><li>Buyers can locally source parts for domestic or global production needs </li></ul><ul><li...
ASEAN Supporting Industry Database-ASID <ul><li>ASID features a wide range of supporting industry products classified unde...
Investment Promotion Strategies: Thailand Investment Year 2008-2009
1.  Strengthen sectors that are already competitiv e:   *  stimulate investment in competitive sectors 2.  Promote industr...
<ul><li>5 .   Promote Thai Overseas Investment *  establish Investment Support Centers in target countries *  s upport kno...
 
THAI LAND   OF INVESTMENT The perfect opportunity  Thailand—Each Piece Fits Perfectly. www. boi.go.th
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  • Here you can see a comparison of Thailand’s major trading partners in terms of both imports and exports.
  • Thailand’s reach goes beyond its domestic and regional markets. We have been very active in establishing Free Trade Agreements around the globe.
  • Malaysia is Thailand’s biggest trading partner within ASEAN, followed closely by Singapore. Indonesia is the third biggest partner. Total ASEAN trade last year was over 1.93 trillion baht. On left: Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei On right: Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia
  • Trade between Thailand and ASEAN has expanded several fold over the past decade, with exports topping over 1,000 billion baht in 2006 and imports steadily climbing past 800 billion baht.
  • This slide is mapping of Thai automotive industry structure which there are 16 car makers and 7 Motorcycle assemblers. All are the joint venture company. There are 648 Tier 1 suppliers and 1,641 Tier 2 Suppliers which including the supporting companies. Most of them are small and medium size companies.
  • Opportunities lie in areas where Thailand currently does not produce sufficient of parts and components, such as the components you see before you.
  • The world market for automotive electronics exceeded US$98 billion in 2007 and is forecast to reach US$173 billion by 2013, according to a report published by Databeans, the semiconductor and electronics industry market research firm. While all regional markets are experiencing growth in demand for automotive semiconductors, the Asia Pacific region is expected to show the most growth during the forecasted period, largely due to increased automotive production in China. Given the large number of sports and luxury vehicles with the latest automotive electronics that are produced in Europe, this region currently displays the greatest demand for automotive semiconductors worldwide. However, as top car companies shift production of an increasing number of luxury vehicles to Asia, the baseline for electronics used in all cars rises, and Asia’s domestic demand for luxury vehicles increases, demand for automotive semiconductors in Asia will compose an increasingly wider share of the global pie.
  • Thailand’s automotive electronics sector still composes a relatively small and young part of the country’s automotive industry as a whole. 9% of tier-one automotive suppliers in the country produce electronics, while just 8% of tier-two suppliers do. The sector, since it is quite young, is highly varied and working towards increased technical capabilities. Of the primary divisions of the industry – engines and drive trains; safety and security features; entertainment, comfort and convenience products; and navigation and instrumentation – the Thai automotive electronics industry is strongest in lower-technology components such as engine and ignition controls and dashboard instrumentation. Its top higher technology electronic product used in automobiles is semiconductors; this sub-sector includes microprocessor integrated circuits (ICs), memory ICs and logic ICs. These ICs are generally manufactured in Thailand and then inserted into automotive electronics products abroad. Currently, only a small portion – between 3.2% and 3.5% - of these semiconductors are used in automobiles purchased by Asian consumers, but global and regional demand is likely only to grow. According to the BCC Research Group, the automotive semiconductor market, which composes 8.7% of the semiconductor market as a whole, is expected to reach US$25 billion in 2009.
  • Overall demand for OEM automotive electronics in Thailand is expected to increase 14% per annum through 2011, reaching $2.6 billion, or about 5% of total regional demand. Strong vehicle production growth, as well as an increase in the number and variety of electronics used in the average vehicle, will drive these gains. Thailand, as the Southeast Asian manufacturing hub for many global automotive OEMS, will see continued growth in in-country production, particularly in the area of pick-up trucks. The electronic content of all types of vehicles is likely to rise rapidly, especially as Thailand’s capabilities grow and its exports to developed markets, which have the highest demand for automotive electronics, increase. While all sub-sectors will see gains, the strongest growth in Thailand’s automotive electronics sector can be expected in the lower-technology engine and electronics sub-sector.
  • In order to aid in the development of the automotive electronics sector, TESA formulated an Automotive Electronics Technology Road Map (TRM) for the period from 2004 through 2012. In general aim, this plan aims to promote Thailand as the automotive electronics production base of the region, while also strengthening domestic demand for these products. More specifically, TESA targeted the development of three groups of Thailand’ automotive electronics products: engine and body control systems (EBCS), safety control systems (SCS), and vehicle information and communication systems (VICS), which included products like telematics (used in global positioning systems, or GPS), navigation systems, digital radios, and in-car personal computers (PCs). Seeking to develop the capacity of Thai manufacturers in each of these product groups, TESA outlined a map for the technological development of the automotive electronics sector as below: In general, the above plan aims to move Thailand’s automotive electronics sector away from relatively low-technology items like digital dashboards towards emerging technologies like lane recognition programs. It also seeks to refocus Thailand’s automotive electronics production capacity on executing designs generated by local firms rather than on manufacturing designs outsourced to Thailand by larger multinationals. More specifically, the plan aims to enhance the various forms of technology necessary to not only innovate but simply compete in the automotive electronics market – quality of content delivery; displays and multimedia; microprocessor control units (MCU), digital signal processing (DSP) and systems on chips (SOC); formal methods for programming electronic products; network or bandwidth capabilities, and operating systems (OS) – in order to enhance the competitiveness of its automotive electronics end-products – whether VICS, SCS or EBCS – in the global market.
  • Thailand is party to a large number of FTAs, many of which greatly enhance the competitiveness of the country’s automotive electronics sector. Of the country’s many FTAs – with New Zealand, Australia, the Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), Peru, Bahrain, Japan, and India – and its two early harvest agreements – with China and India – those with New Zealand, Australia, India and ASEAN are particularly beneficial for Thailand’s automotive electronics sector. Under the Thailand-Australia FTA (TAFTA) and AFTA, tariffs on almost all automotive electronics will be eliminated by 2010; currently, following the gradual reduction of the previously existing tariffs, these tariffs are fixed at 5% or below. Thailand’s FTA with New Zealand eliminated tariffs on these items entirely in 2005, while under the FTA with India, Indian tariffs on Thailand’s automotive electronics goods were eliminated entirely in 2006.
  • Thailand’s liberal policies have a long history. In Thailand, you can expect: - No export requirements - No foreign equity restrictions in manufacturing - No local content requirements - And no location requirements.
  • To promote decentralization and facilitate increased opportunities for the regions outside Bangkok, the country is divided into three investment zones. Zone one comprises Bangkok and 6 surrounding provinces, while Zone two is the 11 provinces surrounding Zone 1. The remaining 58 provinces are in Zone 3.
  • Thailand is making great strides in increasing the use of natural gas vehicles and this presents a good area for investment and growth. As you can see, the government has set a target of 99,000 NGVs for 2008, which we believe will be met, and for subsequent increases in the following years. (Source: http://www.eppo.go.th/info/report49-50/report-49-50.pdf)
  • Now let’s come to the investment promotion opportunity and incentives. This slide shows a brief incentive granted for investment in automotive projects. Projects which has locations far from Bangkok in here is zone 3 will get a maximum incentive. But for some kinds of parts which we call “High Tech” parts, wherever you are, you will get a maximum incentive. Those parts include electronic fuel injection systems, ABS , substrates for catalytic converters, NGV parts, molds/dies.
  • The services that you see on the right have earned us accolades from investors and international organizations. The bottom line is that we at the BOI are committed to servicing investor needs through provision of a host of free, value-added services.
  • BUILD fulfills its objectives through a number of activities, including our subcontracting database, matchmaking services and our assistance in arranging for company participation in trade shows and exhibitions. Most recently, we were proud to take part in Subcon Thailand 2007, which was a 4-day subcontractor exhibition held in Bangkok.
  • Industrial linkage provides a number of benefits to the supply chain, making it an obvious win-win solution for both manufacturers and suppliers.
  • The government has designated 2008-2009 as “Thailand Investment Year”. The goal is to help restore investor confidence, to promote investment in target industries and to stimulate entrepreneur’ development which enhances Thailand’s overall competitiveness. As the government agency directly responsible for investment promotion, the Thailand Board of Investment (BOI) has set up 8 new investment enhancement policies to stimulate the economy in various sectors as follows:
  • Thank you for your attention.
  • Transcript of "2"

    1. 1. Updated Information on Trade and Investment Opportunities in Thailand: Automotive Industry Part 2 Ms.Nattinee Netraumpai Assistant Director Thailand Board of Investment, Frankfurt Office
    2. 2. Investment Opportunities for Automotive and Supplier Industries
    3. 3. Major Trade Partners in 2007 unit: million Baht USA Imports: 330,663 Exports: 662,741 China Imports: 564,591 Exports: 510,756 ASEAN Imports: 872,365 Exports: 1,119,956 EU Imports: 403,243 Exports:672,824 Japan Imports: 988,536 Exports: 625,061 Australia Imports: 132,191 Exports: 197,516 Hong Kong Imports: 50,147 Exports: 298,955 Korea Imports: 184,223 Exports: 102,298 Source: MOC
    4. 4. Thailand’s FTA Thailand-Japan FTA (under implementation) JAPAN : 128 million population ASEAN-Japan FTA KOREA: 48 million population ASEAN-Korea FTA ( Under Negotiation) ASEAN: 550 million population AFTA NEW ZEALAND : 4 million population ASEAN-New Zealand FTA ( Under Negotiation) AUSTRALIA : 20 million population ASEAN-Australia FTA ( Under Negotiation) INDIA : 1.1 billion population ASEAN-India FTA (Under Negotiation) CHINA: 1.3 billion population ASEAN-China FTA ( Under Negotiation) ASEAN-EU FTA ( Under Negotiation) Thailand-India FTA (Under negotiation) PERU: 28 million population Thailand-Peru FTA (under implementation) Thailand – Australia FTA TAFTA (implemented) Bilateral Thailand – NZ FTA (implemented) Thailand-EFTA: 13.5 million population ( Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein) . (Under Negotiation) BIMSTEC: 1.4 billion population (India, Burma, Sri Lanka ,Thailand, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh) (Under Negotiation) US : 300 million population Thailand-USA FTA (Under Negotiation) Multilateral Effective Date: Thailand-China: October 2003 ASEAN-Australia-NZ: Will be implemented in late 2008 Thailand-India: Early harvest Sept 1, 2004 ASEAN-EU: Negotiations began in 2003 Thialand-India FTA: Late 2008 early 2009 will be implemented ASEAN-Korea: Aug 2006 Thailand-Japan: April 3, 2007 ASEAN-India: Will be signed in Dec; put into effect in early 2009 Thailand-Korea: Concluded negotiations in Jan 2008 ASEAN-Japan: Implemented late 2008 Thailand-Peru: Implemented in Nov 2008 ASEAN-China: July 1,2005 Thailand-US: Negotiations began in 2003 AFTA: July 1, 2003 Thailand-EFTA: Negotiations began in May 2005 TAFTA: Jan 1, 2005 Thailand-NZ: July 1, 2005 BIMSTEC: Negotiations on goods concluded in 2005 for implementation in 2006 Negotiations on service: investment; concluded in 2007
    5. 5. Thailand – ASEAN Trade in 2007 unit: million Baht Cambodia Imports: 1,689 Exports: 46,718 Laos Imports: 16,296 Exports: 45,208 Philippines Imports: 74,630 Exports: 99,965 Indonesia Imports: 138,551 Exports: 164,228 Brunei Imports: 3,900 Exports: 3,134 Singapore Imports: 218,708 Exports: 328,169 Malaysia Imports: 299,903 Exports: 268,614 Myanmar Imports: 80,031 Exports: 33,064 Vietnam Imports: 38,655 Exports: 130,856 Source: MOC
    6. 6. Thailand-ASEAN Trade Source: Bank of Thailand, as of June 25, 2008
    7. 7. ASEAN Economies as a Potential Single Market 567.56 84.20 65.23 4.84 86.91 26.69 222.05 Population (million) 1,404.81 6.0 1,890 6.0 ASEAN 77.27 8.2 724 8.2 Vietnam 248.69 5.0 3,167 5.0 Thailand 510.09 7.9 29,499 7.9 Singapore 99.18 5.3 1,351 5.3 The Philippines 285.54 5.9 5,880 5.9 Malaysia 161.86 5.6 1,640 5.6 Indonesia Total Trade (billion US$) GDP Growth (%) GDP per Capita (US$) GDP current price (billion US$) Country
    8. 8. Pure Thai 23 % SMEs Foreign J/V Foreign Majority 47 % . Local Suppliers Tier 1 LSEs (Total 648 Companies) Thai Majority 30 % [* LSEs : Large Scale Enterprises SMEs : Small & Medium Enterprises] The data updated in January 2005 by TAI (Car 16 Companies, Motorcycle 7 Companies) (1,641 Companies) Tier 2,3 Assembler Structure of Thai Automotive Industry
    9. 9. MAPPING OF AUTO-ASSEMBLERS Ayudhaya - Honda Automobile (Thailand) Bangkok -Thai Honda Manufacturing (MC) Cholburi - Mitsubishi Motors Thailand Pathumthani - Thai Suzuki Motor (MC) <ul><li>Samutprakarn </li></ul><ul><li>- Toyota Motor Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>- Isuzu Motors (Thailand) </li></ul><ul><li>- Siam Nissan Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>- Thai Yamaha Motor (MC) </li></ul><ul><li>- Tiger Motor (MC) </li></ul><ul><li>- Thai Swedish Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Thonburi Automotive Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>- Hino Motors (Thailand) </li></ul>Rayong - Auto Alliance (Thailand) - General Motors (Thailand) - BMW Manufacturing (Thailand) - Kawasaki Motors Enterprise (Thailand) (MC) <ul><li>Chachoengsao </li></ul><ul><li>Toyota Motor Thailand (2 Plants) </li></ul><ul><li>Triumph Motorcycle (MC) </li></ul>
    10. 10. 98% Exported at Laem Chabang Port-LCP Source: Port Authority Thailand, Dr.Siri Jirapongphan Automotive Assemblers in Thailand
    11. 11. PRINCIPAL AUTO PARTS PRODUCTION SITES Pathumthani Total suppliers: 39 Body Parts: 18%, Engine Parts; Electrical Parts: 13% each, Suspension & Brake Parts: 10%, Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts; Accessories: 8% each, Other: 31% Bangkok Total suppliers: 232 Body Parts: 9%, Engine Parts; Electrical Parts; Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts; Accessories: 6% each, Suspension & Brake Parts: 4%, Mold&Die: 3%, Other: 60% Samutprakarn Total suppliers: 158 Body Parts: 22%, Electrical Parts: 15%, Engine Parts; Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts: 8% each, Suspension & Brake Parts: 5%, Mold&Die: 4%, Accessories: 3%, Other: 36% Rayong Total suppliers: 41 Body Parts: 24%, Engine Parts; Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts: 15% each, Suspension & Brake Parts: 12%, Electrical Parts: 10%, Accessories: 7%, Mold&Die: 2%, Other: 15% Chonburi Total suppliers: 55 Body Parts: 25%, Engine Parts: 22%, Drive, Transmission &Steering Parts: 15%, Electrical Parts: 9%, Accessories: 5%, Suspension & Brake Parts: 4%, Mold&Die: 4%, Other: 16%
    12. 12. <ul><li>Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diesels, Motorcycles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engine Components </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starters, Alternators, Pumps, Filters, Hoses, Gears, Flywheels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body Parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chassis, Bumpers, Fenders, Hoods, Door Panels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brake Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Master Cylinders, Drums, Discs, Pads, Linings, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steering Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steering Wheels, Gears, Columns, Pumps, Linkages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suspensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shocks, Coils, Ball Joints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transmissions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gears, Casings, Rear Axles, Drive Shafts, Propellor Shafts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electrical/Electronics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternators, Starters, Speedometers, Lamps, Motors, Flasher Relays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interiors/Exteriors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seats, Mats, Weather Strips, Console Boxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windshields, Seat Belts, Radiators, Wheels, Compressors </li></ul></ul>Parts Manufactured in Thailand
    13. 13. Major Steel Makers in Thailand <ul><li>Sahaviriya Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Siam Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Nippon Steel </li></ul><ul><li>JFE Steel </li></ul><ul><li>ArcelorMittal Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Baosteel </li></ul><ul><li>TATA Steel </li></ul>
    14. 14. Current Demand in Automotive Industry
    15. 15. <ul><li>Passenger Car Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Injection Pumps * </li></ul><ul><li>Transmissions * </li></ul><ul><li>Differential Gears </li></ul><ul><li>Injection Nozzles * </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Control Units </li></ul><ul><li>Turbo Chargers * </li></ul><ul><li>Substrates for Catalytic converters </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Lock Brake Systems </li></ul><ul><li>NGV Equipment  target: 99,000 NGVs by 2008 </li></ul>Opportunities: Components not Sufficiently Produced in Thailand
    16. 16. Business Opportunities for Automotive Electronics
    17. 17. World OEM Automotive Electronics Demand * Estimated. Source: The Freedonia Group. 7.5 8.7 152.8 106.3 70 Global demand 12.3 20.8 29 11.2 4.4 Others 8.8 12.9 55.4 36.3 19.8 Asia-Pacific 4.8 4.6 36.3 28.8 23 Western Europe 6.5 5.6 41.2 30.1 22.9 North America 2006-2011* 2001-2006 % Annual Growth 2011* 2006 2001
    18. 18. Asia-Pacific OEM automotive electronics demand, 1996-2016* * Estimated Source: The Freedonia Group.
    19. 19. Distribution of Thailand’s Tier-1 Automotive Suppliers Source: Company information; Thai Automotive Institute; Thai Department of Business Development; and SVI Public Co., Ltd. 25 12 7 18 17 Wholly Foreign-Owned 50 31 9 31 33 Majority Foreign 29 10 12 11 10 Majority Thai 41 14 4 12 5 Pure Thai Others Body Electrical/Electronic Powertrain Chassis Company Type
    20. 20. Thailand’s OEM Automotive Electronics Demand, 1996-2016 * Value in USD. ** Value in millions of USD. *** Estimated. Source: The Freedonia Group. 66,750 46,125 30,208 16,500 12,796 Asia Pacific OEM auto electronics demand** 4 4 3 1 1 - Percentage of products sold to Thai conumers 375 225 125 33 25 - Navigation and instrumentation 667 417 233 42 29 - Comfort, convenience and entertainment products 917 542 292 50 42 - Safety and security products 1,542 1,000 500 133 100 - Engines and drivetrains 3,500 2,183 1,150 258 196 OEM auto electronics demand** 1,716 1,288 1,009 630 435 Value of electronics used per vehicle* *** *** 2016 2011 2006 2001 1996 Item
    21. 21. Thailand’s Automotive Electronics Technology Road Map Source: Thailand Embedded Systems Association.
    22. 22. Thailand’s Automotive Electronics: Strengths <ul><li>• Growing consumer demand for automobiles, particularly those with high-technology components </li></ul><ul><li>• Strong presence of automotive OEM manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>• Existing car assembly bases and R&D centers </li></ul><ul><li>• Strong disc drive and integrated circuit industry </li></ul><ul><li>• Relative ease of doing business </li></ul><ul><li>• Strong governmental support: incentives for automotive, high-technology and R&D investors; promotion of a knowledge-based society; supporting organizations </li></ul>Source: Thailand Sectoral Study Report: Automotive Electronics by Tractus (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
    23. 23. Thailand’s Automotive Electronics: Opportunities <ul><li>• Growth of the automotive sector, particularly within the Asian region </li></ul><ul><li>• Increasing demand for cars with advanced electronics systems </li></ul><ul><li>• Emissions regulations and move towards a fuel-efficient economy </li></ul><ul><li>• Improved safety standards </li></ul><ul><li>• Growth of automotive entertainment electronics sector </li></ul><ul><li>• FTAs </li></ul><ul><li>• Special BOI incentives for select automotive electronics activities </li></ul>Source: Thailand Sectoral Study Report: Automotive Electronics by Tractus (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
    24. 24. BOI Incentives and Outsourcing Services
    25. 25. <ul><li>No export requirements </li></ul><ul><li>No foreign equity restrictions in manufacturing sectors </li></ul><ul><li>No local content requirements </li></ul><ul><li>No location requirements in all but 6 activities (for environmental protection ) </li></ul>Liberal Investment Regime
    26. 26. <ul><li>TAX INCENTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate income tax holidays up to 8 years </li></ul><ul><li>Import duty reductions or exemptions on machinery and raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>NON-TAX INCENTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>100% Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Land rights for foreign investors </li></ul><ul><li>Permission to bring in foreign experts and technicians </li></ul><ul><li>Work permit & visa facilitation </li></ul>Basic BOI Incentives
    27. 27. BOI Basic Promotion Packages <ul><li>3 Investment Promotion Zones to promote industrial decentralization </li></ul>Zone: 1 2 3 Incentives: Lower Higher
    28. 28. Passenger Car Project <ul><li>Start of Production 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Total investment 20,893 mil. Baht </li></ul><ul><li>Increase total production capacity 140,000 units </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate export volume 109,000 units </li></ul><ul><li>Employ over 2,058 staff </li></ul>
    29. 29. Eco-Car Project <ul><li>Start of Production: 2010-2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Project approval: 6 projects </li></ul><ul><li>Total investment: 43.4 Billion Baht </li></ul><ul><li>Increased production capacity: 685,000 units </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated export volume (CBU): 344,000 units </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated export volume (CKD): 100,000 units </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated export value: 113,000 Mil.Baht </li></ul><ul><li>Employment: over 9,400 </li></ul>
    30. 30. R&D and Skill Labors <ul><li>In 1991, Isuzu established “Isuzu Technical Center of ASIA (ITA)” to promote localization of pickup trucks development and transferred from Japan to Thailand to enhance R&D base in ASEAN. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003,Toyota established a technical and testing R&D and recently established a new company “ Toyota Motor Asia Pacific Engineering and Manufacturing (TMAP-EM)” </li></ul><ul><li>In 2005, Asian Honda Motor established a design and development center for motorcycles “ Honda R&D Southeast Asia” and Honda Motor established “ Honda R&D Asia Pacific” for automobiles. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, Nissan lunched “Nissan Value-up” and established Nissan Technical Center South East Asia (NTCSEA) for expanding in the Asian Market. </li></ul>Thailand is a very attractive location for R&D, product development and marketing activities for emerging markets. Source: Thailand Automotive Institute
    31. 31. Incentives: Automotive Industry Cluster (Assemblers & Suppliers) <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total investment over 10 billion baht </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(including component parts manufacturing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive Assembling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacture of Vehicle Parts and Engines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Investment at least THB 10 Billion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Import Duties on Machinery Exemption, regardless of zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate Income Tax Exemption by zone </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Passenger Car Assembly Incentives <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimum investment no less than 15 billion baht </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>within 5 years of income tax holiday period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>must have actual production not less than 100,000 units per year in any of the first five years of production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5- year corporate income tax holiday in any zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in Zone 1, 2 or 3 receive import duty exemption on machinery </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. <ul><ul><li>No corporate income tax holiday in any zone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in Zone 1 receive 50% reduction of import duty on machinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in Zone 2 receive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50% reduction of import duty on machinery if setting up outside industrial estate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exemption on import duty on machinery if setting up inside industrial estate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects in Zone 3 receive import duty exemption on machinery </li></ul></ul>Incentives: General Car Assemblers
    34. 34. Incentives for Natural Gas Vehicles <ul><li>Current status </li></ul><ul><li>55,868 NGV vehicles* </li></ul><ul><li>166 NGV service stations* </li></ul><ul><li>NGV on national </li></ul><ul><li>agenda: </li></ul><ul><li>Government Targets 99,000 </li></ul><ul><li>NGVs by 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>New BOI NGV incentives: </li></ul><ul><li>NGV parts production including engines, tanks and other parts </li></ul><ul><li>Production of natural gas equipment and machinery for NGV service stations </li></ul><ul><li>Priority Incentives: 8 year corporate income tax holiday, duty free machinery regardless of location </li></ul><ul><li>NGV assemblers and NGV service stations: duty free machinery regardless of zone </li></ul>Remark: * Dec 2007 figure from www.pttplc.com
    35. 35. <ul><li>No more than 5 litres/100 km </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions complaint with Euro 4 specification or higher-carbon dioxide emissions of no more than 120 gm/km </li></ul><ul><li>Safety standards compliant with UNECE Reg 94 and Reg 95 </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>Actual production of at least 100,000 units per annum in 5 year onwards </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture of the major engine parts identified e.g. cylinder head, cylinder block and crankshaft </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum total investment of 5 billion baht (US$140 million) (including investment of suppliers) </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for All Zones: </li></ul><ul><li>8 year Tax Exemption </li></ul><ul><li>Exemption of Machinery Import Duty </li></ul>Incentives for Eco-Car
    36. 36. Zone 3 Zone 2 Zone 1 <ul><ul><li>Examples : Electronic Fuel Injection Systems, ABS Brake Systems, Substrates for Catalytic Converters, NGV Parts, Molds/Dies </li></ul></ul>Exempt from corporate income tax for 8 years Exempt from machinery import duties Machinery Duty: 50% reduction Corporate Income tax exemption: In IE - 3 years High-Tech Machinery Duty: Exempt Corporate Income tax exemption: exempt 8 years Machinery Duty: 50% reduction Corporate Income tax exemption: In IE - 7 years Outside IE - 3 years General Investment Incentives for Automotive Component & Part Manufacturing
    37. 37. <ul><li>Investment and Expenditures on: </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development or design </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced technology training </li></ul><ul><li>Funding of educational and research institutes </li></ul>Note: Corporate income tax holiday may not exceed eight years. Additional incentives for skills, technology, and innovation (Optional) 3 years 3% or at least 450 million baht 2 years 2% or at least 300 million baht 1 year 1% or at least 150 million baht Add. Income Tax Exemption, No cap % of First Three Years’ Sales
    38. 38. Internationally-acclaimed support services: Dedicated to creating an enabling environment for investment Overseas offices Country desks 1-Stop for visas & work permits: work permits in 3 hours Interaction with other govt. agencies on behalf of investors Industrial Subcontracting Vendors Meet Customers Program (BUILD Unit) Investment Matchmaker Program ASEAN Supporting Industry Database (ASID)
    39. 39. BUILD Activities <ul><li>Provide information on subcontracting opportunities in Thailand via database web applications </li></ul><ul><li>Assist foreign buyers wishing to source from Thai manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Match buyers and subcontractors in related businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange participation of Thai manufacturers in trade shows and exhibitions abroad </li></ul>Website: http://build. boi .go. th
    40. 40. Benefits to Supply Chain <ul><li>Buyers can locally source parts for domestic or global production needs </li></ul><ul><li>Suppliers can produce according to the needs of clients, streamlining their inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Demand and Supply work in-sync to enhance productive capacity </li></ul>
    41. 41. ASEAN Supporting Industry Database-ASID <ul><li>ASID features a wide range of supporting industry products classified under 5 main industry sectors to assist users in penetrating a specific market </li></ul><ul><li>- Automotive Industry </li></ul><ul><li>- Electronics and Electrical Industry </li></ul><ul><li>- Petrochemical, Paper and Plastic Industry </li></ul><ul><li>- The Mold and Die Industry </li></ul><ul><li>- Other Industries </li></ul>
    42. 42. Investment Promotion Strategies: Thailand Investment Year 2008-2009
    43. 43. 1. Strengthen sectors that are already competitiv e: * stimulate investment in competitive sectors 2. Promote industries of the futur e: * promote investment in knowledge - based and high - tech industries * r evise activities eligible for promotion towards higher value-added and more advanced technology 3 . Promote infrastructure to accommodate future industrial expansion: * Southern Seaboard for the expansion of industries * high quality upstream steel industry to meet the rising demand 4. Promote industrial competitivenes s: * offer tax incentives to change or upgrade machinery, develop technology and IT systems * p romote R&D activities among local industries and upgrade industrial work force Thailand Investment Year 2008-2009
    44. 44. <ul><li>5 . Promote Thai Overseas Investment * establish Investment Support Centers in target countries * s upport knowledge development of Thai investors </li></ul><ul><li>6 . Proactive Investment Marketing to build Thailand’s image and </li></ul><ul><li>enhance investor confidence * through media and investment road shows * Public - Private Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>7. Improve investment related services and measures * propose amendment to the Investment Promotion Act * s wiftly and efficiently solve problems and obstacles </li></ul><ul><li>8 . Set up the “Competitiveness and Investment Enhancement Fund” * t o support the aforementioned policies </li></ul>Thailand Investment Year 2008-2009
    45. 46. THAI LAND OF INVESTMENT The perfect opportunity Thailand—Each Piece Fits Perfectly. www. boi.go.th
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