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Our political beginnings

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  • 1. Our Political Beginnings American Government Chapter 2 Section 1
  • 2. Basic Concepts of Government
    • Ordered Government
      • Orderly regulation such as sheriffs, coroners, grand jury, township, etc.
    • Limited Government
      • Government is restricted and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away.
  • 3. Basic Concepts Continued
    • Representative Government
      • Government should serve the will of the people.
      • People should have a voice in deciding what government should and should not do.
      • “ government of, by, and for the people”
      • This idea was becoming popular in England at the time!!!
  • 4. Landmark English Documents
    • Magna Carta
      • 1215-King John forced to sign-included trial by jury, due process, and other protections against the absolute power of the King. (Robin Hood?!)
    • The Petition of Right
      • Further limited the Kings Powers (Charles I)
    • The Bill of Rights
      • Glorious Revolution-limited army in peace time, free elections, fair trial, etc.
  • 5. English Colonies
    • Royal Colonies
      • Subject to control of the Crown
      • Created a bicameral (2 house) legislature controlled by the King.
    • Proprietary Colonies
      • Organized by a proprietor, a person to whom the king had made a grant of land.
      • Pennsylvania had a unicameral (1 house) legislature.
  • 6. English Colonies Continued
    • Charter Colonies
      • Connecticut and Rhode Island were based on charters granted to the colonists.
      • Mostly self-governing
      • Laws made by bicameral legislatures were not subject to the governor's veto, nor was the Crown needed for approval!