Populism

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Populism

  1. 1. Agricultural Revolution AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Western Life <ul><li>Cattle drives-Cowboy </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Act of 1862 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed settlers to acquire as much as 160 acres of land. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulate family farms “backbone of democracy” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some corporate fraud and land claims </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry farming (Dust Bowl later...) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imported wheat from Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation and damming projects </li></ul><ul><li>HUGE growth of population from 1870's-1890's </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many new states enter the Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colorado, North and South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, and Wyoming. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oklahoma “Sooners” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1890, there was no longer a frontier line </li></ul>
  3. 3. Concerns <ul><li>Prices had to remain high in order to remain successful. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1880's dropped </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Grasshoppers and Boll weevils </li></ul><ul><li>Floods and droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Trusts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Railroad Octopus” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rates were high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abused by corporate practices </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Grange Movement <ul><li>National Grange Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oliver H. Kelley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance lives of isolated farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social and educational activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually wanted to improve the farmers plight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Escape from Trusts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled cooperatively owned stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involved in politics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strove to regulate railroad rates </li></ul><ul><li>Greenback Labor Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James B. Weaver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflation appeal of previous Greenbacks </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Populism begins <ul><li>Farmers' Alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Break the grip of railroads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignored landless tenant farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded African-Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People's Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Populism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attacked trusts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalizing railroads, telephone, telegraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduated income tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal sub-treasury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide farmers with loans for crops stored in gov. owned storehouses. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Held until prices rose </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free and unlimited coinage of silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lease-”less corn, and more hell.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won many congressional seats </li></ul></ul>

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