Politics And  Developments Of  Industry
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Politics And Developments Of Industry

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Politics And  Developments Of  Industry Politics And Developments Of Industry Presentation Transcript

  • Politics and Developments during the Industrial period AP U.S. History
  • Election of 1888
    • D Grover Cleveland won popular vote
    • R Benjamin Harrison won electoral votes
      • Campaigned to protect American industrial interests with high protective tariffs.
      • Republicans won control of House and Senate
    • National politics became more controversial and turbulent in this era.
  • Bills and Acts
    • Force Bill
      • Kept Congress from protecting Black voters in the South.
    • Dependent Pensions Act
      • Congress granted service pensions to Union veterans and their dependents.
    • Sherman Anti-Trust Act
      • Monopolies were subject to prosecution if found to be corrupt and restrict trade.
    • Sherman Silver Purchase Act
      • Congress to produce notes backed by Gold and Silver
        • Created inflation and lowered gold reserves.
  • Economic policies
    • McKinley Tariff
      • Protective tariff-William McKinley
      • Extended to industrial and agricultural goods
      • Led to prices increases and backlash from Americans
    • Billion Dollar Budget
      • Depleted treasury surplus for state tax refunds, infrastructure improvements, Navy modernization, and pension payments.
  • Economic Depression and Social Crisis
    • 1893-panic-groups call for economic safeguards to be provided by the government.
    • Election of 1892
      • Grover Cleveland regains the White House
    • Populist Party
      • People's Party nominated James Weaver
        • Fought for agrarian issues, coinage of silver, loans to farmers, graduated income tax, public ownership of railroads, 8-hour work day, direct election of senators, secret ballot...just to name a few!
  • The Economy 1892-1897
    • 1890's were a period of economic depression and labor agitation
    • Homestead Strike (1892)
      • Iron and steel workers went on strike against Carnegie Steel. Management/labor warfare led to deaths.
    • Depression of 1893
      • Dramatic growth of the federal deficit, withdrawal of British investments, outward transfer of gold (loss of business confidence).
  • Depression Continues!
    • March of Unemployed
      • Reached 20%
      • Populist businessman Jacob Coxley led a march on Washington asking for a government relief work program. Government arrested leaders.
    • Pullman Strike
      • Eugene V. Debs led the American Railway Union over wage cuts and job losses.
    • Big business was pushing to extend overseas trade promotion and production (create jobs)
  • Literature
    • Depression and war dominated the literature of the period.
      • Stephen Crane- Red Badge of Courage, and Maggie, A Girl of the Streets
      • Edward Bellamy- Looking Backward
        • Presented a science fiction look into a prosperous, but regimented future.
      • European realism-Tolstoy, Zola
      • Psychology-William James' Principles of Psychology
  • Social Developments
    • Prohibition of Alcohol
      • Anti-Saloon League-1893
    • Immigration
      • Hull House
      • Lobbied against sweatshop labor conditions and wanted to ban child labor.
    • Radio and Film
      • Thomas Edison's kinetoscope permitted the viewing of motion pictures in 1893.