• Like
Nixon to present
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Nixon to present

  • 602 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
602
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. A CRISIS IN CONFIDENCE, 1969-1980 America: Past and Present Chapter 31
  • 2. Nixon in Power
    • Apparent success in first term
    • Triumphs in foreign affairs
    • Nixon cuts himself off from Congress, his own cabinet, and the nation
  • 3. Reshaping the Great Society
    • Nixon and the Great Society
      • more efficient administration
      • shift responsibility to the states
      • shift school desegregation to the courts
    • Shift to conservative Supreme Court
      • appointment of conservatives and moderates
      • Burger Court similar to Warren Court
    • Pace of change slows but continues
  • 4. Nixonomics
    • Nixon and inflation
      • inflation spurred by Vietnam
      • federal spending cuts
      • interest rates forced up
    • 1970--Nixon-induced recession
    • 1971--wage and price controls
    • Economy revives
  • 5. Building a Republican Majority
    • Nixon obsessed about reelection
    • Inactive on desegregation to win South
    • Attack cultural revolution to win “middle America”
    • Democrats retain majority by joining crusade against drugs, crime
  • 6. In Search of D é tente
    • Foreign-policy assumptions
      • Cold War to be managed, not won
      • America must make a strategic retreat
      • improve relations with China to neutralize Russia
    • February 1972--Nixon visits China
  • 7. In Search of D é tente: Outcome of China Visit
    • February 1972--U.S. recognition of Communist China set in motion
    • May 1972--Russians sign SALT I
    • Apparent mutual desire to reduce Cold War tensions
  • 8. Ending the Vietnam War
    • Nixon’s plan
      • gradual reduction of American troops
      • intensify American bombing
      • hard line at the peace talks
    • 1970--invasion of Cambodia
    • January, 1973--peace talks conclude with disguised American surrender
  • 9. The Crisis of Democracy
    • June, 1972--Nixon agents arrested for attempted Watergate break-in
    • Nixon stonewalled the press about White House involvement
      • even instructed aides to lie under oath
  • 10. The Election of 1972
    • Nixon’s opponents
      • American Independent George Wallace--shot and disabled, followers vote for Nixon
      • Democrat George McGovern--nomination alienates middle class
    • Nixon landslide suggests new alignment
      • middle class shifting to Republicans
      • African Americans, Jews, the poor remain strongly Democratic
  • 11.  
  • 12. The Watergate Scandal
    • Summer 1973--Senate investigation
      • damaging Senate hearings on cover-up
      • White House tapes discovered
    • Summer 1974
      • Nixon must relinquish tapes
      • House Judiciary committee recommends impeachment
    • August 9, 1974--Nixon resigns
  • 13. The Watergate Scandal: Consequences
    • Demonstrates growing power of the executive branch
    • Illustrates vitality of institutions
      • the press
      • the federal judiciary
      • Congress
  • 14. Energy and the Economy
    • U.S. way of life based on cheap energy
    • 1970s energy crisis sparks inflation
  • 15. The October War
    • October, 1973--Yom Kippur War pits Egypt, Syria against Israel
    • U.S. supplies weapons to Israel
    • Arab oil nations retaliate with boycott
      • prices of gasoline and home heating fuel rose sharply
  • 16. The Oil Shocks
    • Effects of soaring oil prices
      • consumer spending plunges
      • recession by 1974
      • inflation persists through 1970s
    • Tax cut aids recovery
    • 1979--Iranian Revolution causes second surge in oil prices
  • 17. The Oil Shocks: Price Increases of Crude Oil and Gasoline, 1973-1985
  • 18. The Search for an Energy Policy
    • Ford tries to encourage production
    • Carter tries to encourage conservation
    • Congressional legislation to
      • encourage production, e.g. Alaska pipeline
      • encourage conservation, e.g. gas rationing
    • Energy problem persists
  • 19. The Great Inflation
    • Oil prices drive inflation
      • price of goods soars
      • real income declines
    • Attempted government controls result in record high interest rates
  • 20. The Shifting American Economy
    • U.S. share of world markets declines
    • U.S. heavy industry declines
    • High technology prospers
    • Businesses tend to diversify
  • 21. Private Lives—Public Issues
    • Traditional American family gives way to more diverse living arrangements
    • Number of working women increases sharply
    • Gay rights movement emerges
  • 22. The Changing American Family: Family Life by 1990
    • 21% of women solely in childrearing
    • 30% of married coupes without children
    • 25% of households consist of one adult
    • Birthrate begins to climb after 15-year fall
    • Divorce rate levels and drops slightly
  • 23. The Changing American Family: New Family Structure
    • Many never marry or postpone marriage
    • Most mothers work outside the home
    • Proportion of single-parent households doubled
    • Women without partners head 1/3 of impoverished families
    • Children comprise 40% of the poor
  • 24. Types of Households in the United States, 2000
  • 25. Gains and Setbacks for Women
    • Rapid movement of women into work force
    • Breakthroughs for women
      • leaders in industry, higher education
      • Roe v. Wade strengthens reproductive rights
      • women appointed to Supreme Court
    • Resistance
      • most women remain in female-dominated jobs
      • wages only 77.5% of men’s earnings
      • Equal Rights Amendment fails
      • abortion widely stigmatized
  • 26. Voting on the Equal Rights Amendment
  • 27. The Gay Liberation Movement
    • 1969--Stonewall Riot sparks gay rights movement
    • 1980--Democrats include gay rights plank
    • 1980s--AIDS activism
    • 1987--600,000 march on Washington
    • 1993--“Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy a setback
    • 1996--Defense of Marriage Act prohibits state recognition of same-sex unions
    • 2000--Vermont legalizes same-sex “civil unions”
  • 28.  
  • 29. Politics After Watergate
    • Watergate erodes public trust
    • Confrontation leaves nation leaderless
  • 30. The Ford Administration
    • Pardon of Nixon unpopular
    • Democratic Congress alienated
      • disclosure of illegal CIA activities under Kennedy and Johnson
      • opposes Democratic bills protecting the environment and civil rights
  • 31. The 1976 Campaign
    • Ford damaged by Watergate
    • Democrat Jimmy Carter wins close vote
      • former governor of Georgia
      • campaigns as outsider
      • calls for decency, morality in government
  • 32.  
  • 33. Disenchantment with Carter
    • Carter displays lack of political vision
    • Outsider status hampers effectiveness
    • 1979--Carter blames American people for "national malaise"
  • 34. From Détente to Renewed Cold War
    • U.S. international dominance declined sharply in the 1970s
    • Internal and external events weakened foreign policy
  • 35. Retreat in Asia
    • April 1975--North Vietnam captures Saigon
    • U.S. response--evacuation, no aid
    • Subsequent incidents met with caution, restraint
  • 36. Accommodation in Latin America
    • 1977--treaty returns Panama Canal to Panama
    • 1979--U.S. refuses aid to Nicaraguan government against Sandinistas
    • Carter assists El Salvador against Marxist rebels
  • 37. The Quest for Peace in the Middle East
    • Carter’s success
      • 1978--Camp David Accords
      • 1979--Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty
    • Carter’s failure
      • 1979--Iranian Revolution
      • November--U.S. embassy in Teheran invaded, 58 Americans taken hostage
      • Carter fails to secure hostages’ release
  • 38. The Cold War Resumes
    • Carter, Brzezinski shift from Détente
      • condemn Soviet human rights abuses
      • new missile systems deployed
      • increased aid to China
    • December, 1979--Russians invade Afghanistan
  • 39. A Failed Presidency
    • Carter lost public confidence during the Iranian hostage crisis
    • Double-digit inflation also contributed to voter disappointment