Manifest Destiny and Expansion AP U.S. History
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Coined in 1844-American was “destined” to expand westward and spread ideas and beliefs. </li></ul...
Texas Dispute <ul><li>Mexico invited immigration from the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered land grants to Americans </li...
New Mexico and California <ul><li>New Mexico had encouraged immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Fe Trail- trade and settle...
Harrison and Tyler <ul><li>William Henry Harrison relied on Henry Clay as an advisor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Died of pneumo...
Webster-Ashburton Treaty <ul><li>Daniel Webster stayed in the cabinet to settle disputes with Great Britain. </li></ul><ul...
Tyler's Policies <ul><li>Texas Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted annexation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pres. Sam Houston ...
War with Mexico <ul><li>American interest had grown in Mexican lands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California, New Mexico, etc. </...
Mexican War <ul><li>Americans divided </li></ul><ul><li>“ Three-pronged attack” </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Fremont-Bear Fla...
Terms of Treaty <ul><li>Mexico ceded territory originally sought by Polk for a price $$$  15 Mil. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. g...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Manifest Destiny

5,455

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,455
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Manifest Destiny

  1. 1. Manifest Destiny and Expansion AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Coined in 1844-American was “destined” to expand westward and spread ideas and beliefs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louisiana Purchase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon Country-Oregon fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adams-Onis Treaty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Republic of Mexico since 1822, following revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico refused to sell territory to the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Texas Dispute <ul><li>Mexico invited immigration from the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered land grants to Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stephen Austin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico eventually tightens immigration and increases taxes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Texans responded by declaring independence </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican dictator Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna annihilated Texans at the Alamo. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sam Houston defeated him and Mexico was forced to let go of Texas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annexation did not occur because of fear of war and the issue of slavery. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. New Mexico and California <ul><li>New Mexico had encouraged immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Fe Trail- trade and settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Most of territory lay south of Missouri Compromise line, therefore it was in potential slave holding territory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many slaves transported to this region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional Stress! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats wanted to use force to expand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs favored diplomacy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Harrison and Tyler <ul><li>William Henry Harrison relied on Henry Clay as an advisor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Died of pneumonia one month into his term. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced by Vice President John Tyler. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tyler=states' rights Southerner and a strict constitutionalist who had been placed on the Whig ticket to draw Southern votes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tyler rejected entire Whig program of a national bank, high protective tariffs, and federal internal improvements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clay would try to pass them through-Vetoed by Tyler. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Webster-Ashburton Treaty <ul><li>Daniel Webster stayed in the cabinet to settle disputes with Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada-Maine Boundary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caroline Affair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creole incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention of slave-smuggling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helped create an atmosphere of compromise in the U.S. -British relations. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tyler's Policies <ul><li>Texas Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted annexation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pres. Sam Houston began to make ties with Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ manifest destiny to overspread the continent” John L. O'Sullivan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Election of 1844 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats picked James K. Polk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Jacksonian” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Favored expansion, including annexation of Texas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon “Fifty-four forty or fight!” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs chose Clay-wavered on expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many Northerners joined the Liberty Party (Birney) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. War with Mexico <ul><li>American interest had grown in Mexican lands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>California, New Mexico, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico's ineffective government was unable to protect the lives and property of American settlers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disputes over territory (Texas) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Slidell-sent to Mexico to make negotiations and pay for land </li></ul><ul><li>Polk sent General Zachary Taylor to the disputed territory-attacked by Mexican troops-Declared war on May 13, 1846. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mexican War <ul><li>Americans divided </li></ul><ul><li>“ Three-pronged attack” </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Fremont-Bear Flag Revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Despite outstanding American success, Mexico refused to negotiate. </li></ul><ul><li>General Winfield Scott captured Mexico City losing only 20 American lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicholas Trist </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Terms of Treaty <ul><li>Mexico ceded territory originally sought by Polk for a price $$$ 15 Mil. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. gained harbors at San Francisco and San Diego. </li></ul><ul><li>Polk felt that the treaty was FAR to generous! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate approved and ratified. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some U.S. citizens protested the war and refused to pay taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Brings slavery issue to surface once again. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×