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Madison And The War Of 1812

Madison And The War Of 1812






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    Madison And The War Of 1812 Madison And The War Of 1812 Presentation Transcript

    • Madison and the War of 1812 AP U.S. History Unit 3
    • The Election of 1808
      • Republican–beat Charles Pinckney
      • Embargo induced depression was a liability-forced to deal with growing crisis
      • Dolly Madison was his greatest asset as a political advisor!
    • The War of 1812
      • Non-Intercourse Act- opened trade to all nations except France and Britain.
      • 1810- Macon’s Bill No. 2- gave president power to prohibit trade with any nation that violated U.S. neutrality.
      • British encouraging border raids by Native American tribes
        • Disgruntled about being forced West
        • Tecumseh-unite Native Tribes
          • 1811, William Henry Harrison destroyed his village on Tippecanoe Creek.
    • The War at Home
      • War Hawks-strong pro-war group
        • Led by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
        • Gained control of both houses
        • June 1, 1812 Madison asks for war
      • The U.S. attempted to invade Canada and failed-retreated back to own territory.
    • War at Sea
      • American privateers and frigates scored early victories over British warships.
        • “ Old Ironsides”
        • USS Constitution
      • U.S. eventually driven back to home ports and blockaded by British.
      • Oliver Perry defeated the British at Put-In Bay-”Don’t Give Up the Ship.”
        • Opened door for Harrison to win the Battle of the Thames in Canada.
    • War in South/Southwest
      • Andrew Jackson destroyed the Natives at Horseshoe Bend and seized Spanish garrison at Pensacola.
      • 1814
        • British armada sailed up Chesapeake Bay and sacked and burned Washington D.C.
        • Attempted to take Baltimore and Fort McHenry-Francis Scott Key’s “Star Spangled Banner.”
    • Battle of New Orleans
      • British and Americans reached a stalemate-declared a cease-fire
        • News did not travel fast enough!
      • Andrew Jackson defeated British force that wanted to close port
        • Frontiersmen, blacks, creoles, and pirates
        • Fought on Jan. 8, 1815 (two weeks after peace treaty had been signed)
    • Treaty of Ghent 1814
      • Christmas Eve
      • European Wars ceasing-causes for disputes decrease
      • Acceptance of status quo at the beginning of hostilities and both sides restored wartime conquests.
    • Hartford Convention 1814
      • Federalists became an increasingly minority party.
        • Opposed the war, Daniel Webster and others blocked the governments efforts to prosecute the war effort.
      • Delegates from New England states met at Hartford and drafted resolutions suggesting nullification and even secession if interests were not met.
        • Growing influence of South and West a problem
        • Federalists were discredited and ceased to be a political party.
    • Post-War Developments
      • Protective Tariff (1816)- slow the flood of cheap British goods.
      • Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817)- stop maintaining armed fleets on the Great Lakes.
      • Jackson’s Florida Invasion (1817)- Reoccupied Pensacola and raised flag-public support saved him.
    • Continued
      • Indian policy- pressure Indians remaining in the East to cede lands and accept new homes west of the Mississippi-many declined.
      • Barbary Wars (1815)- declared war and Algiers and forced indemnities-ends problem.
      • Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)- Spain sells Florida to U.S.-drew boundary of Mexico to Pacific.
    • Monroe Doctrine
      • Revolutions in European colonies worries U.S.
        • Feared restoration of empires and colonies
      • 1823-Monroe declared that the American hemisphere was “henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.”