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Labor Unions
Organized Labor <ul><li>Working conditions had worsened </li></ul><ul><li>Laborers began organizing in hopes of changing b...
Labor Unions Emerge <ul><li>Knights of Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve well-being of skilled and unskilled industrial ...
Business Responds to Labor <ul><li>Businesses displayed fierce resistance to unions’ fight for more money and power </li><...
Strikes and Violence <ul><li>Relations between business and labor declined-more unions went on strike </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Strikes and Riots <ul><li>Great Railroad Strike-1877-rail workers go on strike, many killed by federal troops. </li></ul><...
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Labor unions

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Transcript of "Labor unions"

  1. 1. Labor Unions
  2. 2. Organized Labor <ul><li>Working conditions had worsened </li></ul><ul><li>Laborers began organizing in hopes of changing big business policies </li></ul><ul><li>Over two million people had joined by 1904 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Labor Unions Emerge <ul><li>Knights of Labor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve well-being of skilled and unskilled industrial laborers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Membership open to all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 hour day, end child labor, at first against strikes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Federation of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>-fight for higher wages, safer conditions and the right of the union to represent workers in bargaining with employers </li></ul><ul><li>-invited only skilled white male workers </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Workers of the World </li></ul><ul><li>-extreme labor union-socialist </li></ul><ul><li>-Wobblies </li></ul><ul><li>-Eugene Debs-abolition of the wage system </li></ul>
  4. 4. Business Responds to Labor <ul><li>Businesses displayed fierce resistance to unions’ fight for more money and power </li></ul><ul><li>Gained support by popular opinion, laissez-faire, and a continual supply of labor </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed as socialist-led to suspicion </li></ul><ul><li>Many union leaders were arrested </li></ul>
  5. 5. Strikes and Violence <ul><li>Relations between business and labor declined-more unions went on strike </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in violence between police and striking workers </li></ul><ul><li>Unions ultimately succeeded in setting maximum work hours and providing worker’s compensation. By 1912 child labor laws were in place in 38 states. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Strikes and Riots <ul><li>Great Railroad Strike-1877-rail workers go on strike, many killed by federal troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Haymarket Square Riot-Deadly bombing in 1886-related to a strike at the McCormick Harvester plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Strike-Steel company in PA-1890-led by steel workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Pullman Strike-1894-manufactured rail cars-workers organized strikes due to pay cuts. </li></ul>
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