Industrialism

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Industrialism

  1. 1. Industrialism Era AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Industrial Era 1877-1882 <ul><li>“ Gilded Age” of politics </li></ul><ul><li>Robber Barons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnegie, Rockefeller, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Varying standards of living </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism -”Gospel of Wealth” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justify the unequal distribution of national wealth. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God granted the wealthy their wealth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Unrest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strikes and complaints due to over-speculation and over-expansion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Unions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knights of Labor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Haymarket Riot in Chicago </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Grange Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers' Alliance-prices collapsed after war. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Politics <ul><li>Republicans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalwarts: favored patronage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half-Breeds: civil service reform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Election of 1880 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James A Garfield: Half-Breed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assassinated in 1881 by Guiteau </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chester Arthur- Pendleton Act -open competitive examinations for civil service positions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Greenback-Labor Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflation of farm prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Weaver-public control and regulation of private enterprises-railroads </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Social and Cultural Developments <ul><li>Urbanization-growth of cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skyscrapers, industry, immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tenement housing-slums </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of government policy and programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Gospel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jane Addams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Settlement housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salvation Army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>African-Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Booker T. Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington Carver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women's Christian Temperance Movement-rise of Feminism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Foreign Relations <ul><li>“ new imperialism”=finding new markets for production and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Door policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to open trade with China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Native Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovery of gold on Indian land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sioux War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Custer's Last Stand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All Native Americans eventually compelled to live on reservations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Near extinction of bison, disease, and superior American military forces. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reaction to Corporate Industrialism <ul><li>The rise of big business generated a reaction on the part of working class Americans in the form of new labor organizations and collective political action. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers, smaller businessmen, reformers, and laborers called for government regulation of the economy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interstate Commerce Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation of railroads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fair rates and practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contributed to national prosperity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low farm prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Federation of Labor </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Election of 1884 <ul><li>Grover Cleveland-Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>Blaine-Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Mugwumps supported Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Succession Act of 1886 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change line of succession from the president pro tempore of the Senate to the Cabinet officers in order of creation of the departments to maintain party leadership. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1947 Speaker of House becomes third in line </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Social and Cultural Developments <ul><li>Newspapers and Magazines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Pulitzer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalism, muckrakers, mass production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of higher education, women's colleges, and social sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explored social problems, crime, corruption, conflict, and the environment-Mark Twain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular Amusements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaudeville, circus, wild west shows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Views of child rearing </li></ul><ul><li>Religion-growth and change </li></ul>

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