Industrialism

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  • 1. Industrialism Era AP U.S. History
  • 2. Industrial Era 1877-1882
    • “ Gilded Age” of politics
    • Robber Barons
      • Carnegie, Rockefeller, etc.
    • Varying standards of living
      • Social Darwinism -”Gospel of Wealth”
        • Justify the unequal distribution of national wealth.
        • God granted the wealthy their wealth
      • Labor Unrest
        • Strikes and complaints due to over-speculation and over-expansion
      • Labor Unions
        • Knights of Labor
          • Haymarket Riot in Chicago
      • National Grange Movement
        • Farmers' Alliance-prices collapsed after war.
  • 3. Politics
    • Republicans:
      • Stalwarts: favored patronage
      • Half-Breeds: civil service reform
    • Election of 1880
      • James A Garfield: Half-Breed
        • Assassinated in 1881 by Guiteau
        • Chester Arthur- Pendleton Act -open competitive examinations for civil service positions
    • Greenback-Labor Party
      • Inflation of farm prices
      • James Weaver-public control and regulation of private enterprises-railroads
  • 4. Social and Cultural Developments
    • Urbanization-growth of cities
      • Skyscrapers, industry, immigrants
      • Tenement housing-slums
    • Lack of government policy and programs.
    • Social Gospel
      • Jane Addams
        • Settlement housing
      • Salvation Army
    • Education
      • Private schools
    • African-Americans
      • Booker T. Washington
      • George Washington Carver
    • Women's Christian Temperance Movement-rise of Feminism
  • 5. Foreign Relations
    • “ new imperialism”=finding new markets for production and resources.
    • Open Door policies
      • Wanted to open trade with China
    • Native Americans
      • Discovery of gold on Indian land
      • Sioux War
        • Custer's Last Stand
        • All Native Americans eventually compelled to live on reservations.
          • Near extinction of bison, disease, and superior American military forces.
  • 6. Reaction to Corporate Industrialism
    • The rise of big business generated a reaction on the part of working class Americans in the form of new labor organizations and collective political action.
      • Farmers, smaller businessmen, reformers, and laborers called for government regulation of the economy.
      • Interstate Commerce Act
        • Regulation of railroads
        • Fair rates and practices
      • Transcontinental Railroad
        • Contributed to national prosperity
      • Low farm prices
      • American Federation of Labor
  • 7. Election of 1884
    • Grover Cleveland-Democrat
    • Blaine-Republicans
    • Mugwumps supported Cleveland
    • Presidential Succession Act of 1886
      • Change line of succession from the president pro tempore of the Senate to the Cabinet officers in order of creation of the departments to maintain party leadership.
        • 1947 Speaker of House becomes third in line
  • 8. Social and Cultural Developments
    • Newspapers and Magazines
      • Joseph Pulitzer
      • Journalism, muckrakers, mass production
    • Development of higher education, women's colleges, and social sciences
    • Realism
      • Explored social problems, crime, corruption, conflict, and the environment-Mark Twain
    • Popular Amusements
      • Vaudeville, circus, wild west shows
    • Sports
    • Views of child rearing
    • Religion-growth and change