French And Indian War

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French And Indian War

  1. 1. French and Indian War AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Learning Targets <ul><li>I can analyze and comprehend colonist involvement in the French and Indian War. </li></ul><ul><li>I can predict how the outcomes will lead to colonist dissent. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Beginnings <ul><li>The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended King George's war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European Imperial War </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France was determined to take complete control of the Ohio Valley and western Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>British ordered colonial government to resist this </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington was set to Penn. to request that the French leave! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France declined </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washington sent Virginia militiamen to expel them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost and surrendered </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Seven Years' War <ul><li>Conflict spread to Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called French and Indian war in the colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan for an intercolonial government to support the British against the French </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept of uniting colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain took a lot of hits early on-skirmishes between Natives backed by French </li></ul>
  5. 5. British Advances <ul><li>Prime Minister William Pitt took Quebec and Montreal and almost wiped the French out of America </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris of 1763 officially ended hostilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain gained Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gained all of what is now the U.S. states east of the Mississippi river </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France lost all North American holdings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Americans were proud to support the British during this war-served a vital role. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proud to be a part of the victorious empire </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Long-term results <ul><li>Writs of Assistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>America felt pride and affection toward Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British felt contempt and wanted to increase imperial control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to reduce American colonial freedom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General search warrants issued to help royal officials stop evasion of British mercantilist trade restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1763 the strongly anti-American George Grenville becomes Prime Minister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to use the colonies as a way to pay off the large national debt incurred by war... </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Road to Revolution... <ul><li>Cost of defending American frontier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pontiac </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grenville sent Royal Navy to suppress American smuggling and enforce the Navigation Acts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade with the colonies was to take place ONLY on ships made in GB or America. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issued the Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbade white settlement west of the crest of the Appalachians; wanted to keep Natives happy and settlers close to British control. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Video Clip French and Indian War French and Indian War French and Indian War Timeline

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