The goal was to revise the Articles of Confederation . It was quickly decided to replace it.
Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation
53 Delegates met in absolute secrecy in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787.
They met in Indepedence Hall.
On average their were about 30 delegates there every day.
James Madison was the only delegate to never miss a day.
Virginia Plan Proposed by big states Lawmaking body: Bicameral (2 Houses) Elected by the people Elected by the 1st house # of Congressmen determined by state population Based on Population
New Jersey Plan Supported by smaller states Lawmaking body: Unicameral (1 House) Based on Equality Each state would have the same number of Representatives or votes
The Great Compromise This was a combination of both plans… Lawmaking body: Bicameral Congress (2 Houses) House of Representatives Senate # of reps. would depend on populations Each state gets 2 representatives
Slavery became an issue with population. In the south, slavery made up 1/3 of the population
The south wanted them to count in their population so they would have more votes. Slaves however could not vote.
They decided to count 3/5 of the total number of slaves as population.
5 blacks = 3 whites.
Slaves still could not vote
Separation of Powers ( How the Government will be organized ) Legislative Executive Judicial 3 Branches House of Reps . Senate = Congress Makes Laws Carries out laws Interpret the laws President Court System
Before any of the states would sign the Constitution, the delegates wanted a way to amend the Constitution in order for it to grow with the times and the country.
Bill of Rights 1st Amendment 2nd Amendment 3rd Amendment
Signing the Constitution
39 delegates signed
state planned to have
its own convention to
vote on the adoption.
Nine states were needed to ratify.
December 7, 1787
Federalists vs. Anti Federalists
... Let the Battle Begin...
Federalists : Supporters of the New Constitution
Anti Federalists: Opposed ratification of the new Constitution
1. Would take away liberties
2. Create a strong central government
3. Ignore the will of the people
4. Favor the wealthy
**Wanted the gov. close to the people Thomas Paine Patrick Henry
Ratification The four remaining states signed by May of 1790! June 21, 1788 New Hampshire, the 9th state signed the constitution putting into effect the new government. There were still states that had not ratified. This threatened the outcome of the new Gov. Go USA!!
George Washington was elected the first President of the U.S. John Adams was elected the first Vice President of the U.S.