Conflict In The 1920s
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Conflict In The 1920s






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Conflict In The 1920s Conflict In The 1920s Presentation Transcript

  • 1920's Conflicts and Trends AP U.S. History
  • Marcus Garvey and the UNIA
    • Native of Jamaica-Universal Negro Improvement Association
      • Black racial pride and separatism
      • Return to Africa
        • Alienated older rights groups
    • Sold stock in the Black Star Steamship Line
      • Take migrants to Africa
      • Bankrupt-imprisoned for fraud and deported
  • Mexicans and Puerto Ricans
    • Settled in Southwestern cities
      • Low paying jobs, poor neighborhoods
        • Barrios
    • First major migration of Puerto Ricans to U.S. mainland
      • New York City
      • Service industries and manufacturing
  • Conflict of values
    • Rapid changes (automobile, revolution in morals, jazz music, immigration, “Great Migration”) brought strong reactions from white Protestant Americans-saw traditions as threatened.
      • Rural-urban conflict
    • Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
      • Intimidate blacks, immigrants, Catholics, Jews, bootleggers, etc.
      • “ 100 percent Americanism”
  • Prohibition
    • 18 th Amendment
      • Implemented by Volstead Act-created more problems!
    • Enforcement was difficult-urban areas
      • Speakeasies, bathtub gin, organized crime
      • Eventually, many people who initially supported prohibition change their views because of the corruption!
  • Creationism and the Scopes Trial
    • Fundamentalist Protestants-led by William Jennings Bryan-prohibit teaching of evolution in schools.
    • 1925-Tennessee legislature passed law which forbade any teacher in state's schools or colleges to teach evolution.
    • American Civil Liberties Union-John Thomas Scopes-test law-defended by Clarence Darrow
    • Both sides claimed a moral victory.
  • Sacco and Vanzetti
    • Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were accused of robbing and murdering two men.
      • Italian immigrants and admitted anarchists
    • Convicted and sentenced to death
      • Much protest about lack of a fair trial
        • Executed in 1927
  • Warren Harding Administration
    • Corrupt “friends” and officials-violated prohibition
    • Teapot Dome Scandal
      • Sec. of the Interior, Albert Fall, secured the transfer of several naval oil reserves to his jurisdiction.
        • Secretly leased reserves to Monmouth Oil and Pan-American Petroleum
        • Convicted for bribery and defrauding the government
    • Attorney General Daugherty took bribes from bootleggers, tax evaders, etc. for protection.
  • Calvin Coolidge Administration
    • Harding dies in office-able to avoid scandals
    • “ The business of the United States is business.”
    • No real presidential leadership
    • McNary-Haugen Bill
      • Rise crop prices-vetoed twice by Coolidge
  • Hoover's Administration
    • Dawes Plan-war debts and reparations
    • Kellog-Briand Pact-no enforcement
    • Black Thursday
      • 13 million shares were traded, prices fell
    • Black Tuesday
      • October 29, 1929
      • Market fell 40 points with 16.5 million shares traded
        • Long decline until 1933=Great Depression!