Coming Of War

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Coming Of War

  1. 1. The Coming of the Civil War AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Election of 1856 <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James Buchanan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Know-Nothings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Millard Fillmore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republican </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John C. Fremont </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Free Soil, Free Men, and Fremont” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners threatened secession if they lost election </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Dred Scott Case <ul><li>Dred Scott v. Sanford </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri slave sued for his freedom on the basis that his owner, an Army doctor, had taken him for a stay of several years in a free state. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buchanan wanted the court to settle the slavery issue once and for all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scott had no standing to sue in federal court, no definition of residence that could make a slave free. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress/territory governments did not have the right to prohibit slavery </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Lecompton Constitution <ul><li>Pro-slavery Kansas reps. met in Lecompton, KS. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State constitution that allowed slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free-soilers boycotted referendum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pro-slavery territorial government petitioned Congress for admission to the Union as a slave state. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Soilers also drafted their own constitution and presented it to Congress as the legitimate one. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buchanan supported Lecompton Constitution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voters turned it down-Kansas as free in 1861. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Panic of 1857 <ul><li>Short but severe depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overspeculation of railroads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faulty banking processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimean War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North blamed low tariffs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South claimed superiority of Southern agriculture and slavery </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Lincoln-Douglas Debates <ul><li>1858 Illinois Senatorial Campagin </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln declared Douglas as a secret defender of slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas depicted Lincoln as a radical abolitionist. </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott </li></ul><ul><li>Freeport Doctrine </li></ul>
  7. 7. John Brown's Raid <ul><li>1859-seized federal arsenal at harpers Ferry, Virginia, took hostages, and incited a slave uprising. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by Northern abolitionists. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planned to arm local slaves and then spread uprisings across the South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Captured and tried for treason-hanged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convinced Northerners that he was a martyr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public mourning in the North </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South convinced all of the North supported his action </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Huge fear of slave revolts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fears of the South <ul><li>Southern whites who did NOT own slaves </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Impending Crisis in the South” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinton Rowan Helper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery was economically harmful to the South and it enriched the large planter at the expense of the yeoman farmer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans re-issued it as campaign material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tensions rise in the Senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Armed Senators! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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