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Coming Of War



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  • 1. The Coming of the Civil War AP U.S. History
  • 2. Election of 1856
    • Democrats
      • James Buchanan
    • Know-Nothings
      • Millard Fillmore
    • Republican
      • John C. Fremont
        • “ Free Soil, Free Men, and Fremont”
        • Southerners threatened secession if they lost election
  • 3. Dred Scott Case
    • Dred Scott v. Sanford
      • Missouri slave sued for his freedom on the basis that his owner, an Army doctor, had taken him for a stay of several years in a free state.
      • Buchanan wanted the court to settle the slavery issue once and for all.
      • Scott had no standing to sue in federal court, no definition of residence that could make a slave free.
      • Congress/territory governments did not have the right to prohibit slavery
  • 4. Lecompton Constitution
    • Pro-slavery Kansas reps. met in Lecompton, KS.
      • State constitution that allowed slavery
      • Free-soilers boycotted referendum
    • Pro-slavery territorial government petitioned Congress for admission to the Union as a slave state.
      • Free Soilers also drafted their own constitution and presented it to Congress as the legitimate one.
      • Buchanan supported Lecompton Constitution.
        • Voters turned it down-Kansas as free in 1861.
  • 5. Panic of 1857
    • Short but severe depression
      • Overspeculation of railroads
      • Faulty banking processes
      • Crimean War
        • North blamed low tariffs
        • South claimed superiority of Southern agriculture and slavery
  • 6. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    • 1858 Illinois Senatorial Campagin
    • Lincoln declared Douglas as a secret defender of slavery.
    • Douglas depicted Lincoln as a radical abolitionist.
    • Dred Scott
    • Freeport Doctrine
  • 7. John Brown's Raid
    • 1859-seized federal arsenal at harpers Ferry, Virginia, took hostages, and incited a slave uprising.
    • Supported by Northern abolitionists.
      • Planned to arm local slaves and then spread uprisings across the South
    • Captured and tried for treason-hanged
      • Convinced Northerners that he was a martyr
        • Public mourning in the North
        • South convinced all of the North supported his action
          • Huge fear of slave revolts
  • 8. Fears of the South
    • Southern whites who did NOT own slaves
    • “ The Impending Crisis in the South”
      • Hinton Rowan Helper
      • Slavery was economically harmful to the South and it enriched the large planter at the expense of the yeoman farmer.
      • Republicans re-issued it as campaign material
        • Tensions rise in the Senate
          • Armed Senators!