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Civil War
 

Civil War

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    Civil War Civil War Presentation Transcript

    • Civil War AP U.S. History
    • Election of 1860
      • Democrats split
        • Douglas-ps
        • Breckinridge-federal slave code
        • Fire-eaters-Yancey-slavery in territories
      • Constitutional Union Party-Bell
      • Republicans
        • Passed over radical William Seward
        • Nominated Abraham Lincoln
      • Nation Divided
    • Secession Crisis
      • Lincoln had no intention of “disturbing” slavery.
        • Southerners distrusted-raids, pride injured
      • December 20, 1860 SC left the Union
      • Feb. 1, 1860 six more followed
        • AL, GA, FL, MS, LA, TX
        • Confederate States of America
          • Jefferson Davis as President
    • Constitution of Confederate States
      • Slavery was recognized-right to move slaves guaranteed
      • No protective Tariffs
      • President non-renewable 6 year term
      • President given right to veto
      • State sovereignty recognized
    • Mixed Feelings
      • Greeley, Buchanan- “let erring sisters go in peace.”
        • Unconstitutional but unconstitutional?!
      • Crittenden-Compromise
      • Lincoln-stand firm for no further spread of slavery
    • Hostilities Begin
      • Lincoln sent supplies to Ft. Sumter
      • Southerners attack Fort-April 12, 1861
      • Lincoln declares 75,000 volunteers to end insurrection
      • VA, TN, NC, AK declare secession in response
      • Wavering of remaining states-KY, DE, MA, MS
    • Advantages of North
      • Financial Wealth-finance war
      • Superior Industry-supplies
      • 3 to 1 manpower
      • Immigrants-anti-slave
      • U.S. Navy-blockade the South
      • Superior system of railroads
    • Advantages of South
      • Vast in size-difficult to conquer
      • Only had to resist being conquered
      • Troops fighting on own ground-familiar
      • Fighting on the defensive
      • Highly qualified senior officers of the U.S. Army
      • Jefferson Davis-military experience
    • Strategies
      • On to... “Richmond...” “Washington...”
      • Battle of Bull Run
        • Demonstrated unpreparedness and inexperience of both sides
      • Anaconda Plan-Winfield Scott
        • Squeeze life out of Confederacy
          • Naval blockade-paper blockade
          • Take MS river
          • Wait for pro-unioners-disliked by Lincoln
    • Leaders
      • General George McClellan
        • Army of the Potomac-cautious
      • General Robert E. Lee
      • General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson
      • Ulysses S. Grant-fame in TN
        • Shiloh-control MS River
    • Strategies Cont.
      • Britain and France remained out of war
        • Northern diplomacy-Trent Incident
      • Ironclad ships-Merrimac vs. Monitor
      • Union Homefront Morale
        • Homestead Act
        • Morrill Land Grant Act
        • Conscription-disliked by Northern working class-led to riots
      • Southern Morale
        • States rights against conscription
        • “ rich man's war and a poor man's fight”
        • Scare food and high prices
    • Financing the War
      • North
        • High tariffs, income tax, greenbacks
          • Unbacked paper fiat currency
        • National Banking Act-credit expansion
      • South
        • Worthless paper money
        • Some loans, taxes
        • Confiscation of goods
    • Violations?
      • Lincoln suspended habeas corpus against will of Taney in ex Parte Merryman.
      • Copperheads-against war-subject to arrest and/or deportation
      • Confederate Congress called Davis a “tyrant.”
    • Emancipation Proclamation
      • Lincoln under pressure from radicals and foreign powers to end slavery.
      • Freed slaves in all states of rebellion
        • Jan. 1, 1863
      • Battle of Antietam prompted this
        • Northern victory-did not want desperation
    • Battles
      • Antietam/Sharpsburg
      • Gettysburg-Meade-bloodiest of entire war-3 days
      • Vicksburg-took Miss. River-Grant
      • Battle of Chattanooga
      • Burning of the South-Sherman
        • Took many Southern cities (Hood)
    • Election of 1864
      • War weary country!
      • Republicans-Lincoln and Johnson
      • Democrats-McClellan
      • Sherman took Atlanta=victory for Lincoln
    • The End!
      • Lee surrendered on April 9, 1865 in Appomattox, VA
      • Lincoln shot on April 14, 1865
        • Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth