13 Colonies


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13 Colonies

  1. 1. English Colonies AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Learning Targets: <ul><li>I can explain the differences between the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>I understand the significance of the Atlantic Slave Trade on Colonial Society. </li></ul><ul><li>I can interpret documents from the time period and relate their significance to overall topics discussed in class. </li></ul><ul><li>I can analyze the significance of various religious movements and their impact on colonial society. </li></ul>
  3. 3. New England Colonies <ul><li>Plymouth Colony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled by a group of English settlers who believed the Church of England was beyond saving- “Separatists” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrims </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by William Bradford-1620 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mayflower Compact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established a foundation for orderly government based on the consent of the governed-One of the first of its kind! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Bay Colony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled by Puritans who believed the Anglican church had too many practices left over from Catholicism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost the civil war in England and were persecuted-left! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by John Winthrop-1629/30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the Great Migration many new towns were chartered </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rhode Island <ul><li>Puritans did not tolerate dissidents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roger Williams-went into exile and bought land from natives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founded Providence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anne Hutchinson-claimed special revelation and exiled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founded Portsmouth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Williams secured a charter creating Rhode Island-religious tolerance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffered from political turmoil </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Connecticut and New Hampshire <ul><li>Connecticut founded by Puritans who disagreed with Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Hooker founded Hartford. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was the first written constitution in America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Haven was founded by John Davenport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt that Winthrop was not strict enough! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire was just overflow! </li></ul>
  6. 6. New York and New Jersey <ul><li>New York: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles II gave his brother, James Duke of York control over the Dutch lands (he just had to conquer them first...) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James was against representative assemblies-Puritans and other resisted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Jersey: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James gave some of his territory to two wealthy English nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caused confusion over territory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflicting claims of land ownership plagued New Jersey </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Pennsylvania and Delaware <ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded as a refuge for Quakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fertile soil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed they could communicate directly with God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacifists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Penn=founder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Granted full religious freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planned out Philadelphia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peaceful with natives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At first part of Penn. colony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penn granted them a separate legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania was growing so large! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Maryland <ul><li>First proprietary colony </li></ul><ul><li>George Calvert, Lord Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Refuge for English Catholics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Act of Religious Tolerance-guaranteed rights to Christians of all persuasions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economically similar to Virginia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jamestown and Virginia <ul><li>First permanent English Settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Joint-stock companies=raise capital by the sale of shares of stock. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earliest settlers suffered (starvation, disease, Native hostility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most considered themselves to be “Gentlemen” who were too good for hard labor. Wanted gold and riches. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Land was low and swampy </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with Powhatan </li></ul><ul><li>John Smith-kept colony from collapsing “He who works not, eats not” </li></ul><ul><li>John Rolfe discovered tobacco could be grown in VA-major cash crop-saved colony </li></ul><ul><li>Used indenture system to increase numbers </li></ul><ul><li>House of Burgesses-promised same rights as in Eng., a representative assembly. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Carolinas <ul><li>Named after King Charles II </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal society </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina developed as an overflow from Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina was founded by English planters from Barbados; founded Charleston (town) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought black slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First colony to have slavery as a fully developed institution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Georgia <ul><li>England needed a buffer colony from Spain </li></ul><ul><li>James Oglethorpe obtained charter-colony populated by poor people and criminals from England/other colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to advance. </li></ul>