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  • 1. Ephesus An ancient city Part II
  • 2. Hospitals
    • This is a medical sign which perhaps pointed to a hospital though nothing resembling such has been recovered as yet.
  • 3. Streets
    • Thought to be the oldest surviving advertisement found in a paving stone in the street.
    • The foot shows to walk in this direction.
  • 4. Streets
    • No one knows exactly what the other images are for:
      • One theory is that the dots in the corner are citrus oil used for burning by the Jews. The female on the right of the foot was Tyche, the goddess of shipping and good fortune and it was to direct people to the agora to purchase oil to give them good fortune.
      • The second theory is that the woman is a beautiful lady waiting for you at the brothel and the dots are in the shape of a heart because you can help heal her broken heart by going to her This is unlikely because the heart shape was not used during ancient times.
  • 5. The Brothel
    • No one knows this was a brothel for sure but the frescoes were of naked people
    • There were three floors and many small rooms
    • There were many places to wash yourself as well.
  • 6. Wealthy Homes
    • Rooms in the wealthy homes near the Celsius library
    • On the demigod street
    • Still under excavation so much is still intact rather than having been moved to museums
  • 7. Wealthy homes
    • Basilica in the wealthy area.
    • Used as a church and meeting place for government business
    • Used only by the wealthy people
  • 8. Wealthy Homes
    • Bird in fresco of bathroom
  • 9. Wealthy Homes
    • Corner shows where each owner of the house re-frescoed the wall.
  • 10. Wealthy Homes
    • Table placed in a dining room
    • Notice the tiled floor in the hallway on the right
  • 11. Wealthy Homes
    • Excavation in progress
    • Notice the table with pieces that have been placed together like a puzzle
  • 12. Wealthy Homes
    • Notice the blue bins with pieces organized to put together at a later time
    • Tables in background show pieces needing identification
  • 13. Wealthy Homes
    • Hole in the ceiling is for ventilation
  • 14. Wealthy Homes
    • We are at the upper layer of homes now.
    • Homes were terraced so each home owner could have a great view.
  • 15. Wealthy Homes
    • Mosaic floor from Roman times almost completely intact
    • These are Roman because they used mortar to make them and the Greeks didn’t have that technology
  • 16. Wealthy Homes
    • The mosaic floors were made of tiny stones rather than tiles
  • 17. Wealthy Homes
    • Pithos jars were used to store wine, oil and sometimes ashes from cremated bodies.
    • Ephesians did not bury their dead because they believed Hades was below ground and would get the body if they buried it.
  • 18. Wealthy Homes
    • Notice pegs in middle background. These are to raise the floor so it can be heated from beneath. This was a Roman invention.
  • 19. Wealthy Homes
    • Stairs leading up from bathroom below.
    • Notice intact frescoes on wall at top of stairs.
  • 20. Wealthy Homes
    • The Romans covered walls in some rooms with a thin layer of marble as seen here.
    • Notice the columns on the floor awaiting identification.
  • 21. Wealthy Homes
    • Sundial marked with Greek letters used to tell the time.
    • This would have been in a common area but wealthy homes also had smaller ones.
  • 22. Wealthy Homes
    • Amazing wall frescoes
    • Notice the bulging wall. This is as a result of earthquakes rather than time.
  • 23. Wealthy Homes
    • Close up of wall fresco
  • 24. Wealthy Homes
    • Notice the stunning floor mosaics as well as frescoes in the multiple rooms.
  • 25.
    • More frescoed walls
    Wealthy Homes
  • 26.
    • Even more fantastic rooms
    Wealthy Homes
  • 27. Wealthy Homes
    • One of several showers in a rich person’s home.
    • Notice the marble lining.
    • Water flowed continuously through and out the drains.