BackgroundDeveloped by Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner in1983.Theory states there are at least seven ways(“intelligences”) that people understand and perceive theworld.Later revised to add two more intelligences.The theory claims that everyone is intelligent in some way or multiple ways. Photo from Edutopia.com
The IntelligencesLogical-mathematical- logic, abstractions, reasoning and numbersSpatial- spatial judgment and the ability to visualize with the minds eyeLinguistic- words, spoken or written.Bodily-kinesthetic- control of ones bodily motions and the capacity tohandle objects skillfullyMusical- sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and music.Interpersonal- interaction with others.Intrapersonal- introspective and self-reflective capacitiesNaturalistic- nurturing and relating information to one’s naturalsurroundingsExistential- spiritual or religious intelligence
Multiple Intelligences and the TeacherTeachers may have their own means of teaching andunderstanding based upon their own intelligence.An ideal teacher can find different means ofinstruction to cater to all the different intelligencesamong their students.Linguistic and Logical-Mathematical are mostcommon in schools, the goal is to add more ways toconnect to each student based on their intelligence
Multiple Intelligences and the StudentStudents should take an intelligences test todetermine their most prevalent intelligences andinform the teacherAny time a student does not understand, they shouldask for help and mention their type of intelligence.Students could come up with their own means ofteaching themselves through their intelligence style.
StrugglesFor many topics and lessons, it can be difficult tonearly impossible to find a way to incorporate eachtype of intelligence.In most cases, there just is not enough timeincorporate each intelligence into one lessonFor the most part, students can still learn throughother intelligences, so it would be suggested to usethe main intelligences within a lesson, but have backup ways to include other types of intelligence
My OpinionI do not agree that these are forms of “intelligence,”but rather skills or strong areas.I feel that the idea is correct that different studentslearn in different ways and that teachers need to findother means of teachingI agree that everyone is intelligent in some way.I do love the teachers who find different ways ofteaching, I once had a teacher who literally had a wayfor each “intelligence” to fit into her lessonplan, everyone understood and it was a hard subject.
How I Will Incorporate Multiple IntelligencesAs a math teacher, the obvious way to teach is Logical-Mathematical, as well as Logistical through lectures.Group and individual work can be assigned to incorporatethe interpersonal and intrapersonal students.If I teach Geometry, spatial students will be easy to caterto.I have actually come up with a few little, stupid songs formath that help the musical.The others I would have to think long and hard about. Ihave no idea how to incorporate physical activity into mathor nature, especially not religion without crossingboundaries in regards to separation of religion in schools.
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