Bullying in schools pp 2011

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This is the presentation that Jennifer Rhodes gave at Maitland Grossman High School's term 3 professional development day. She focused on presenting the research of bullying as a global issue. We focused on how this would look like in a school, in other words how schools can make a difference!

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  • The only thing you can do to help bully-proof your child is that encourage friendships. Start early in helping your child build social skills and make friendships and teach your children to express themselves clearly yet tactfully. The idea of my children being harmed or lost is not something anyone wants to consider. . I am a parent and I'm worried and I don't want that any kid to experience this. As a way of helping everyone especially the parents, who still find it quite hard to manage issues like this, I found this great application which featured a safety app which gets me connected to a Safety Network or escalate my call to the nearest 911 when needed, it has other cool features that are helpful for your kids with just a press of a Panic Button. Check it here: http://safekidzone.com/eMail/Protector/SafeKidZone/
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Bullying in schools pp 2011

  1. 1. BULLYING IN SCHOOLS<br />Jennifer Rhodes | Home School Liaison Officer <br /> <br />Swansea Office, 11-15 Josephson Street, Swansea NSW 2281 <br />P: 02 4972 3000 |  F: 02 4971 6196 | E: jennifer.rhodes4@det.nsw.edu.au<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. National Centre Against BullyingInitiative of The Alannah and Madeline FoundationKeeping children safe from violence<br />
  4. 4. World’s latest research<br />Prof Michel Boivin; When hell is other people: the early onset, development and consequences of peer relation difficulties in childhood. <br />Professor Donna Cross: Same dog but different fleas - How does cyber bullying compare to face-to-face bullying in Australia ?<br />Professor Ken Rigby: Addressing cases of school bullying: an appraisal of six major methods of intervention and their implications for student wellbeing<br />
  5. 5. Research Unit on Children's Psycho-Social Maladjustment, an interdisciplinary and inter-university research centre investigating risk and protective factors influencing children's development Encyclopaedia on Early Childhood Development 2005 Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development ,Boivin M <br />The team have found that; <br />10% of children are rejected, harassed and victimised by one or more peers on a regular basis resulting in loneliness, depression, low self-esteem and school avoidance. This has begun by age 3.<br />Behaviour may initiate a negative social process with consequences for the child.<br />Aggression = peer rejection = victimisation loneliness, depression (withdrawal) in and before preschool<br /> By about Grade 6 the target may have changed to bully. <br />Predictors of target were identified at 18months ; <br /> Genetic (physical aggression, hyperactivity)/ Harsh parenting/ Low income<br /> Early intervention must teach self-regulation or peer relation difficulties are expected. The link to aggression diminishes with age as the target tends to move to withdrawal.<br />
  6. 6. What is bullying?<br />Bullying is when someone (or a group of people) with more power than you repeatedly and intentionally uses negative words and/or actions against you, which causes you distress and risks your wellbeing. ncab 2010<br />
  7. 7. Five kinds of bullying<br />1. Physical bullying<br />e.g. hitting, poking, tripping, pushing or damaging someone’s belongings.<br />2. Verbal bullying<br />e.g. name calling, insults, homophobic or racist remarks and verbal abuse.<br />3. Social (covert) bullying<br />e.g. lying, spreading rumours, playing a nasty joke, mimicking and deliberately excluding someone.<br />4. Psychological bullying<br />e.g. threatening, manipulation and stalking.<br />5. Cyberbullying<br />Using technology (e.g. email, mobile phones, chat rooms, social networking sites) to bully verbally, socially or psychologically.<br />
  8. 8. Bullying isn’t. . .<br />• mutual arguments and disagreements<br />• single episodes of social rejection or dislike<br />• single-episode acts of nastiness or spite<br />• random acts of aggression or intimidation.<br />
  9. 9. What is Cyberbullying?<br />A repeated or sustained pattern of intentional cyber-attacks that causes distress and is directed against a specific student or group. Cyberbullying can also be a multi-faceted or multi-step campaign of humiliation or hostility that causes distress and is directed against a specific student or group.<br />
  10. 10. Cyberbullying is not...<br />One off or single instances of;<br />Cyber-exploitation<br />Cyber-attack<br />Unacceptable or inappropriate use of technology<br />Cyber-jokes or cyber-teasing<br />Cyber-fighting<br />
  11. 11. The following are some examples of Australian e-crime offences and penalties:<br />Impersonation<br />A student dishonestly obtains someone’s email address and access information and sends an offensive email to everyone in that person’s email address book.<br />The offence: Unlawful operation of computer system.<br />The maximum penalty: Imprisonment for 6 months or $2,500.<br />Child abuse<br />Uploading a photograph of someone under-age who is naked (e.g., whilst he/she is<br />changing for sport in a locker room and isn’t aware of being photographed and then transmitting it to others).<br />OR (if under-age or appearing to be)<br />Taking a photo of oneself naked and uploading it to a website.<br />The offence: Production or dissemination of child abuse material.<br />The maximum penalty: Imprisonment for 10 years.<br />Hate website<br />A group of students create a racially focused hate website about their classmates.<br />The offence: Racial vilification.<br />The maximum penalty: $5,000, or imprisonment for 3 years, or both.<br />Cyber-attack<br />A threat to hurt someone is sent via text message or email.<br />The offence: Using internet or mobile phone carriers to make a threat.<br />Maximum penalty: Imprisonment for 7 years.<br />A humiliating and untrue story about someone is posted online and others are invited to comment on it.<br />The offence: Using internet or mobile phone carriers to menace, harass or cause offence.<br />The maximum penalty: Imprisonment for 3 years.<br />
  12. 12. Effects of bullying<br />Embed youtube video of AllemHalkic<br />
  13. 13. In 2009 students who are cyber bullied are…<br />6 times more likely to feel disconnected to school<br />3 times more likely to feel lonely at school<br />7 times more likely to never feel safe at school<br />5-6 times more likely to experience greater socio-emotional difficulties and some depressive symptoms<br /> <br />*Controlling for gender, year level, SES, school size<br />Significant at 0.01 level of significance<br /> <br />
  14. 14. In 2009 students who cyber bully others are…<br />7 times more likely to never feel safe at school<br />2-3 times more likely to experience greater socio-emotional difficulties and feelings of depression<br />3 times more likely to feel less connected to school<br /> <br />*Controlling for gender, year level, SES, school size<br />Significant at 0.01 level of significance<br />
  15. 15. Bullying and the law <br />Education Act 2009<br />Occupational Health and Safety Act<br />Civil law<br />Criminal law<br />Anti-discrimination Act<br />
  16. 16. The responsibility and rights of the school in responding to a cyber-attack or cyberbullying that occurs outside school hours and off the school premises<br />If there is material or substantive disruption of learning<br />If it interferes with the educational mission<br />If it uses school property <br />If there is a nexus to the school<br />Former Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia, The Hon. Alastair Nicholson AO RFD QC<br />
  17. 17. What can schools/teachers do?<br />anyone can bully <br />bullying is behaviour <br />behaviour can change<br />
  18. 18. 6 major methods of intervention<br />the traditional disciplinary approach <br />restorative practices <br />strengthening the target <br />mediation<br />the support group method <br />the method of shared concern. <br /> <br />
  19. 19. Active Bystanders<br />Bullying stops in 10 seconds if a student intervenes.<br />The highest incidence of bullying is in the first and last term of the school year.<br />Bullying increases at transition.<br />
  20. 20. when a bystander actually does object, in more<br />than half the cases the bullying actually stops.<br />
  21. 21. If their friends were thought to expect them to support the victim, students were much more likely to say they would do so. The perceived expectations of parents appeared to be largely irrelevant as far as boys were concerned, and of small relevance for girls. The perceived expectations of teachers were of no relevance whatsoever, for either boys or girls!<br />(See Rigby and Johnson, 2004.)<br />

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