Political parties and primary process


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Political parties and primary process

  1. 1. Political Parties & Process Ch 9.3 & 9.4
  2. 2. History of Parties  Began developing during the writing of the Constitution  Federalists and Anti-Federalists  Washington’s farewell address even warned against the development of parties—they would destroy the US  A political party by definition is an organized group that seeks to win elections in order to influence the activities of government. (pg 87 in textbook)  In essence, political parties differ on how they interpret the Constitution and its amendments.  Thus it impacts the writing of new laws and
  3. 3. • Parties start in 1789 with Federalist/Anti-Federalist (green/purple lines) • By 1820 Federalist party is dead, Monroe only option, moves into the Democratic-Republican party, producing 4 candidates in 1824 • Party split again to the Democratic-Republicans (blue) and the National Republican (orange) party • Democratic-Republican party stays, the National Republican party becomes the Whig party in 1836 (yellow) • Around 1860 the Whig party becomes the Republican party (red) • Other parties separate and form and collapse along the way (Anti-mason, Know-Nothing, Freesoil, etc.)
  4. 4. • After the Republican party forms before the Civil War, the formal Democrat and Republican parties that we know and still have are formed and operate largely as the two main political parties in the United States. • Other 3rd parties (including stronger ones like Libertarian and Independence) broke off from one or both to form in the last century, but do not yield the same power as the major D and R parties.
  5. 5. Major Parties  Republican Symbol is the Elephant Called G.O.P. (Grand Ol’ Party) Right Wing Conservatives Mostly religious Wealthy, successful South and midwest region
  6. 6. Major Parties  Democrat  Symbol is the donkey, or the jack ass (no joke)  Left-Wing  Liberals  Does not usually identify themselves as religious  Middle class to lower class  East coast and west coast region  Ethnic groups more likely to be Democrat
  7. 7. Major 3rd Parties  Libertarian Party- formed December 1971  Interpret the Constitution in the defense and best interest of maintaining personal freedoms.  We hold that all individuals have the right to exercise sole dominion over their own lives, and have the right to live in whatever manner they choose, so long as they do not forcibly interfere with the equal right of others to live in whatever manner they choose. (www.lp.org/platform)  This sometimes puts them in between the values of Republican and Democratic views  Libertarians view the role of government to uphold the Constitutional freedoms only, not to impose personal values or any sense of morality on citizens  Example: Libertarians might not think abortion is morally or ethically right, but would say that the Government needs to uphold the ability for everyone to choose for themselves
  8. 8. Major 3rd Parties  American Independent Party- formed 1967  Staunchly in support of Christian values  According to the party platform, the American Independent Party [exists] "limited constitutional government, with emphasis on the rights of the several states to govern their own local affairs and educational systems without federal bureaucratic or court interference." As to foreign affairs, the declaration stated that "the American Independent Party supports a foreign policy based on America's best interests, not world opinion," and "preservation of our national sovereignty.” (www.aipca.org)
  9. 9. Third Parties (a few, anyway)  America First Party  American Party  American Heritage Party  American Nazi Party  American Reform Party  Christian Falangist Party of America  Communist Party, USA  Constitution Party  Constitutional Action Party  Family Values Party
  10. 10.  Freedom Socialist Party/Radical Women  Grassroots Party  Green Party of the U.S.  The Greens/Green Party US  Independence Party  Independent American Party  Labor Party  Light Party  Natural Law Party
  11. 11.  New Party  New Union Party  Peace & Freedom Party  Prohibition Party  Reform Party  The Revolution Party  Socialist Party USA  Socialist Action  Socialist Equality Party  Socialist Labor Party
  12. 12.  Socialist Workers Party  Southern Independence Party  US Pacificst Party  Veterans Party  We the People Party  Workers World Party  American Patriot Party  Knights Party  Multicapitalist Party  Pansexual Peace Party  Pot Party  US Marijuana Party …and SO many more
  13. 13. The Electoral Process
  14. 14. The Nominating Process  Critical first step in selecting a candidate  Nomination is naming of person who will seek office  Functions of nomination: (From ch. 5)  1. prime function of political parties in the US  2. main reason for decentralized character of the two major parties, Republican & Democrat  5 ways to nominate a candidate:
  15. 15.  Oldest form of nominating process  Used since colonial era  Person announces that they are running, or want to run for office.  Sometimes someone else announces that person’s intentions  Think Schwarzenegger on Jay Leno Self-Announcement
  16. 16. Caucus  Caucus is a group of like-minded people who meet to select a candidate for an upcoming election  Began in the late colonial era  Private gathering of influential people  Caucuses were highly criticized in 1800s, rarely done now except in New England
  17. 17. Convention  Convention takes place of dying caucuses  First national convention to elect a candidate was held by Anti-Mason party in 1831  Also the Republicans and Democrats began using conventions within a year  Some states still rely on conventions as voting tools- Connecticut, Michigan, S. Dakota, Utah & Virginia
  18. 18. Direct Primary  Intra-party election  Held within the parties itself  2 types:  Closed primary  Party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote  Open primary  Party nominating election in which any qualified voter can take party
  19. 19. Petition  Potential candidates must have a required amount of signatures to put their name on a national ballot.
  20. 20. Voting  Date set by Congress  National elections are November of every even- numbered year.  Tuesday after the first Monday  Absentee voting  Covers 3 types of people  1.) too ill or disabled to go to polling place  2.) those who are away from home on election day  3.) serving in Armed Forces
  21. 21.  Precinct- voting district  Area no more than 500 to 1,000 qualified voters  Polling Place-place where voters who lived in a a precinct actually vote  Ballot- device by which a voter registers a choice in an election.