Digital Humanities vs. Information Science
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Digital Humanities vs. Information Science

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Vortrag auf dem 5. iScience Day an der FH Potsdam

Vortrag auf dem 5. iScience Day an der FH Potsdam

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  • 1. DH vs IW Der mögliche Beitrag der Informationswissenschaft(ler) zur IT Anwendung in den Geisteswissenschaften Digital Humanities meets Information Science, 
 5. I-Science Day - Potsdam,19.3.2014 Hans-Christoph Hobohm Potsdam
  • 2. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam Was ist Die-Eitsch? Tweets von derTagung des Einsteinforums #DHB3: ! „Förtsch (DAI) auf #dhb3 Tagung: wir wissen zwar nicht, was DH ist, aber wir sind alle hier weil es Geld gibt.“ „Renn (MPI Wissensgeschichte) weiß, was DH ist und möchte nicht dazugehören #dhb3 Antwort auf Förtsch“ „Alt (FU): Editionswissenschaft = das Zentrum der DH #dhb3 jetzt wissen wir es“ „Aha: nach Problemen in den Daten suchen. #dhb3 (Förtsch) = retrospektives Forschungsdatenmanagement #fdm #fhp #infobewertung“ #qualität „Frage nach Ausbildung in DH: warum denkt man bei solchen Kulturtechniken nicht an die 'Unis für angewandte Wissenschaften' (FH) #dhb3“ 2
  • 3. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 3
  • 4. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam Melissa Terras, iConference 2014 • „bringing computer science into the study of humanities“ • „understanding best practice of engineering: looking for benchmarks“ • „reading documents: heritage imaging“ • „new analysis techniques“ • „DH = translating between computer scientist and humanists“ • „new teaching and learning opportunities“ • „in the library: a room where they can learn digitizing complex material“ • „a shared space between departments and the library“ • „public engagement“ • „curatical trust“ • „lots of different people involved, huge mix“ • „try to do something new with computers“ 4 director UCL, her latest book: Defining Digital Humanities - a Reader (2013) DH = „a continuum from capturing and collecting to public engagement“
  • 5. Berlin - iConference, March 5, 2014: ! asking Melissa Terras about the role of IS in DH: she says „user studies!“ and: DH = „a continuum from capturing and collecting to public engagement“
  • 6. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 6 McGann, Jerome (2013): Information Technology and the Troubled Humanities. In: Melissa Terras, Julianne Nyhan und EdwardVanhoutte (Hg.): Defining Digital Humanities.A Reader. Farnham:Ashgate Publishing Ltd, Chapter 3. ! Jerome McGann: ! „…information technology is even now transforming the fundamental character of the library. The Library, the chief focus of our cultural memory as well as our central symbol of that memory’s life and importance.“
  • 7. Willard McCarty: ! „The field variously known as ‚information studies‘ or ‚library and information science is not far behind, in fact may offer a better home.“ (citing John Unsworth: common ground „in scholarly communication, in knowledge representation, in access to information, in preservation of the cultural record, and in the organization and analysis of information“) McCarty,Willard (2013):Tree,Turf, Centre, Archipelago - or Wild Acre? Metaphors and Stories for Humanities Computing. 
 In: Melissa Terras, Julianne Nyhan und EdwardVanhoutte (Hg.): Defining Digital Humanities.A Reader. Farnham:Ashgate Publishing Ltd, Chapter 5.
  • 8. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 8 Terras, Melissa (2013): Disciplined: Using Educational Studies to Analyse "Humanities Computing". 
 In: Melissa Terras, Julianne Nyhan und EdwardVanhoutte (Hg.): Defining Digital Humanities.A Reader. Farnham:Ashgate Publishing Ltd, Chapter 4. N=244
  • 9. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 9 Selected Definitions from the Day of Digital Humanities: 2009-2012 
 In: Melissa Terras, Julianne Nyhan und EdwardVanhoutte (Hg.): Defining Digital Humanities.A Reader. Farnham:Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2013. Chapter 20.
  • 10. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 10 Directory of Scholars Active. In: Computers and the Humanities, Vol. 1, No. 5 (May, 1967), pp. 178-241 + update in Vol. 2. No. 2. (Nov. 1967) pp. 71-93 N=261
  • 11. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 11 Directory of Scholars Active. In: Computers and the Humanities, Vol. 1, No. 5 (May, 1967), pp. 178-241 + update in Vol. 2. No. 2. (Nov. 1967) pp. 71-93
  • 12. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 12 1986
  • 13. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 13 1984
  • 14. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 14 1984
  • 15. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 15 1984
  • 16. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 16
  • 17. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 17 Hobohm, Hans-Christoph (1992): Roman und Zensur zu Beginn der Moderne. 
 Vermessung eines sozio-poetischen Raumes, Paris 1730-1744. 
 Frankfurt/M., NewYork: Campus (Studien zur Historischen Sozialwissenschaft; 19).
  • 18. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 18 Hobohm, Hans-Christoph (1992): Roman und Zensur zu Beginn der Moderne. 
 Vermessung eines sozio-poetischen Raumes, Paris 1730-1744. 
 Frankfurt/M., NewYork: Campus (Studien zur Historischen Sozialwissenschaft; 19).
  • 19. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 19 Hobohm, Hans-Christoph (1992): Roman und Zensur zu Beginn der Moderne. 
 Vermessung eines sozio-poetischen Raumes, Paris 1730-1744. 
 Frankfurt/M., NewYork: Campus (Studien zur Historischen Sozialwissenschaft; 19).
  • 20. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 20 Roberto Busa (1913-2011): ! „three different currents (…) I call the first current "documentaristic" or "documentary", in memory of the American Documentation Society, and of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Dokumentation in the 1950s. It includes databanks, the Internet, and the World Wide Web, which today are the infrastructures of telecommunications and are in continuous ferment.The second current I call "editorial." This is represented by CDs and their successors, including the multimedia ones, a new form of reproduction of a book, with audio- visual additions. (…) I call the third current "hermeneutic" or interpretative, that informatics most associated with linguistic analysis.“ Schreibman, Susan; Siemens, Raymond George; Unsworth, John (2004):A companion to digital humanities. 
 Malden, Mass: Blackwell Pub. (Blackwell companions to literature and culture, 26). Online verfügbar unter http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion
  • 21. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 21 Susan Schreibman: ! „The TEI's adoption as a model in digital library projects raised some interesting issues about the whole philosophy of the TEI, (…) as flexible as possible. A rather different philosophy prevails in library and information science where standards are defined and then followed closely (…) It was a pity that there was not more input from library and information science at the time that the TEI was being created, (…) The TEI was, however, used as a model by the developers of the Encoded Archival Description (EAD), which has had a very wide impact as a standard for finding aids in archives and special collections.“ Schreibman, Susan; Siemens, Raymond George; Unsworth, John (2004):A companion to digital humanities. 
 Malden, Mass: Blackwell Pub. (Blackwell companions to literature and culture, 26). Online verfügbar unter http://www.digitalhumanities.org/companion
  • 22. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 22 Cologne Dialogue on DH, April 23rd and 24th, 2012 at Wahn manor house close to Cologne.
  • 23. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam Wahn controversies • Controversy 1: Do the Digital Humanities have an intellectual agenda or do they constitute an infrastructure? • Controversy 2:Are all approaches towards interdisciplinary research between the Humanities and Computer Science meaningfully represented by the current concept of Digital Humanities? • Controversy 3:What is the scope of the Digital Humanities? What is the relationship between individual disciplines served by them? • Controversy 4:What is the appropriate role of markup? • Controversy 5: Big structures or lightweight webs.What is the most sensible technical template for research infrastructures for the Digital Humanities? • Controversy 6:“Digital curation” or “digital preservation” is a topic, which has originated within the world of digital libraries; recently it has been drawn closer and closer to the Digital Humanities.What is the balance between conceptual work and technology? • Controversy 7:“Digital Libraries” have started their life as an answer to opportunities created by a specific stage of technical development.Where are they now, between Computer Science and the Digital Humanities? 23
  • 24. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam Gladney: Bsp. Langzeitarchivierung • „In fact, digital preservation is the only specific topic I found in recent Digital Humanities Quarterly articles.“ • „Comparison of the definitions of DH and IS suggests that DH is an unneeded invention!“ • „… much of what DHP describes is covered by Information Science faculties.“ • „An aspect mostly missing from LDP literature is a sense of history-in-the-making.“ • „Who might be harmed by considering DH to be a discipline in itself? … the strongest proponents of an independent DH! Many of these might overlook the immense IS literature and its solutions…“ 24 Gladney, Henry M. (2012): Long-Term Digital Preservation:A Digital Humanities Topic? In: Historical Social Research 37 (3), S. 201–217.
  • 25. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 25 Anne Burdick et al.: ! „DH = a generative practice — > design as a method of thinking-through-practice“ ! computation, processing; ! digitization, classification, description, metadata, organization, navigation. ! curation, analysis, editing modeling: fundamental activities of DH Burdick,Anne; Drucker, Johanna; Lunenfeld, Peter; Presner,Todd; Schnapp, Jeffrey (2012): Digital humanities. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • 26. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 26 Anne Burdick et al.: ! „The Knowledge for carrying out the implementation of these designs comes from * computer science, * information studies, * graphic and media design, * human-computer-interaction, * and cognitive studies.“ ! „ … can be deeply infused with humanistic values, but only if humanists are involved.“ Burdick,Anne; Drucker, Johanna; Lunenfeld, Peter; Presner,Todd; Schnapp, Jeffrey (2012): Digital humanities. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
  • 27. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 27 Pédauque, Roger T. (2007): La redocumentarisation du monde.Toulouse: Cépaduès-éditions. Re-documentarisation du monde
  • 28. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 28 Salaün, Jean-Michel (2012):Vu, lu, su. Les architectes de l'information face à l'oligopole du Web. Paris: la Découverte (Cahiers libres). • vu (Form / Struktur) 
 = l’édition (Ware) • lu (Text / Inhalt) 
 = la bibliothèque (Zugang zu „Text“) • su (Medium / Transmission) 
 = le spectacle (Medien) ‚document’ numérique
  • 29. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam DH vs IS 29 DH IS Dokument Kulturgut Wirtschaft/Bildung Metadaten ad hoc / flexibel normiert Sammlung Kurator Policy Ziel Interpretation Bewertung Analyse Inhalt Wert/Prozesse Technologie divers IT Retrieval „Verstehen“ POIN Serendipity ggf. gewünscht ? Transfer „greater public“ Nachhaltigkeit kulturelles Erbe Bildungskanon Archiv Langzeitarchivierung „Datenmanagement" Infrastruktur Zeitperspektive retrospektiv prospektiv
  • 30. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam Win Win Win im Sinne Roberto Busas drei Strömungen profitieren • die DH im ersten „documentaristic current“ —> höherer Return on Investment; 
 Themen:Wissensrepräsentation, Metadaten, Standards, Retrieval, Prozesse, Modellierung, Policy-Development, Geschäftsmodelle, Nutzung und • für den zweiten, den „editorial current“, brauchen beide Design Kompetenzen; 
 Themen: Ästhetik,Visualisierung, Interface, Navigation • die IS im dritten „hermeneutic current“ —> weichere Faktoren der Geisteswissenschaften - Gegengewicht zur Technologie; 
 Themen: inhaltliche Diskurse, Philosophie, Hermeneutik, kritische Position (‚humanistic values‘) 30
  • 31. Hans-Christoph Hobohm: DH vs Informationswissenschaften, 5. I-Science Day FH Potsdam 31 ElijahMeeks:The DigitalHumanitiesSpecialist(Weblog).ComprehendingDigitalHumanities,2011
 Online:https://dhs.stanford.edu/comprehending-the-digital-humanities/ Vielen Dank für Ihre Aufmerksamkeit! Kontakt: www.hobohm.info