Robert Larsson NHPRC 2013
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Robert Larsson NHPRC 2013

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Workplace health management in municipal organizations: the perspective of senior managers

Workplace health management in municipal organizations: the perspective of senior managers

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Robert Larsson NHPRC 2013 Robert Larsson NHPRC 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Workplace health management in municipal organizations: the perspective of senior managers Robert Larsson, Ingemar Åkerlind & Hélène Sandmark Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Västerås, Sweden 7th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference, ”Promoting Health in Everyday Settings: Opportunities and Challenges”, Vestfold, Norway, 2013
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare ● Shift towards, how organizational factors affect employee health ● Integration of WHP and OSH [e.g. 1, 2] ● WHP should be integrated into the organization’s regular management practices [3] Less knowledge about if and how this is done… ● Need for WHP-studies in public sector organizations 2 Background [1] Goetzel et al., 2008 [2] EU-OSHA, 2010 [3] Chu et al., 2000
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare 3 Aim …to explore how health promotion is managed within a municipal organizational context, and also to describe how workplace health could be incorporated into the general management system
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare ● Large employers with the responsibility of providing public services ● Variation in organization, human resource policy, conditions etc. ● Previous research indicates poor employee health 4 Research setting The municipal employer context
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare Design: Qualitative approach Sampling strategy: Managers were purposefully selected from two municipal organizations  Senior managers (SM) = higher management positions  SMs representing a variety of municipal departments (m = 250 employees) Data collection: Semistructured face-to-face interviews Analysis: Qualitative content analysis 5 Research design
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare The domination of wellness  Provision of activities  Organizational support WHP partly integrated into the management system  Employee survey as driving force  Shortcomings in implementation and follow-up 6 Findings “We offer exercise during working hours. You can exercise one hour/week. We have fruit. We do health profiles where all are invited to participate, and you may also have an interview afterwards, where you can follow-up on your result.”
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare Development of leadership competence  Ambitious leadership programmes  OHS training The political influence  Health-related policies  To be an “attractive” employer 7 Findings “Now, the municipality have decided how money for wellness should be used. There is a general decision.”
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare ● Selection bias? Some chose not to participate. Those with little interest/knowledge about WHP? ● Transferability limited to public sector organizations with similar conditions ● How to not only get “politically correct statements” and “on the surface information” about WHP? 8 Limitations and challenges
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare Preliminary findings concerning how WHP is managed by senior management  The domination of wellness  WHP partly integrated into the management system Improved management practice concerning WHP… …could ultimately affect the health of municipal employees 9 Summary and implications
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare Thank you for your attention! contact: robert.larsson@mdh.se 10
  • School of Health, Care and Social Welfare School of Health, Care and Social Welfare 1. Goetzel, R.Z., Ozminkowski, R.J., Bowen, J. & Tabrizi, M.J. (2008). Employer integration of health promotion and health protection programs. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 1(2), 109 -122. 2. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (2010). Mainstreaming OSH into business management. Luxembourg: Office for Official publications of the European Communities. 3. Chu, C., Breucker, G., Harris, N., Stitzel, A., Gan, X., Gu, X. et al. (2000). Health-promoting workplaces – international settings development. Health Promot Int., 15, 155-167. 4. Shain, M., & Kramer, D.M. (2004) Health promotion in the workplace: Framing the concept; reviewing the evidence. Occup Environ Med., 61(7), 643-648. 5. Polanyi, M.F., Frank, J.W., Shannon, H.S., Sullivan, T.J., & Lavis, J.N. (2000). Promoting the determinants of good health in the workplace. In: B.D. Poland, L.W. Green, & I. Rootman (Eds.) Settings for health promotion: Linking theory and practice. (pp.138-160). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. 6. DeJoy, D.M., & Southern, D.J. (1993). An integrative perspective on work- site health promotion. J Occup Med., 35(12), 1221-1230. 7. Chu, C., & Dwyer, S. (2002). Employer role in integrative workplace health management: A new model in progress. Dis Manage Health Outcomes, 10(3), 175-186. 11 References