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Trg F05, Lecture #1 Intro And Demographics

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  • http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/core/pics/0001/img0024.jpg “ Washington Leading a Battle”

Transcript

  • 1. HI 342: The Revolutionary Generation in the U.S. 1763-1815
  • 2. Welcome to The Revolutionary Generation
    • Syllabus
    • What I Expect From You
    • Presentation Dates
    • Trip to Lexington and Concord:
    • ------ Fri., Sept. 23 (No class for those who are coming along)
      • If you can’t go, you can just attend class that day at our regularly scheduled time
  • 3. Becoming America, Part I A Diversity of People
  • 4. NYC Skyline, 1771
  • 5. Anglican Church
  • 6. Baptist Meetinghouse
  • 7. Religious and Ethnic Diversity
    • Many Faiths
      • Especially in the Middle Colonies (NY, NJ, PA, DE)
    • Many Ethnic Groups
      • Again, especially in the Middle Colonies
      • Decreasing proportion of English emigrants
      • Scots-Irish
        • Largest European immigrant group (150,000)
        • Backcountry settlers
      • Germans
        • Second largest (100,000)
        • Language Barrier
  • 8. Origins of European Immigrants
  • 9. African Immigration
    • One of the largest sources of immigration in the 18 th c.
    • 1660—2,920 Africans in the mainland colonies
    • 1760—300,000 Africans
    • 21% of total colonial pop. in 1770
    Estimated Number of Africans Imported to British North America, 1701–1775
  • 10. Origins and Destinations of Africans
  • 11. Africans as a Percentage of Total Population of the British Colonies, 1650–1770
  • 12. Population Boom
    • Population doubling every 25 years
    • 145,000 in 1660
    • 2 million in 1760
    • Why?
      • Immigration
      • Low infant mortality rate
      • Women bear children at young age
      • Perpetual food surplus
      • Little disease
    • Even slave population rose naturally
    The Seventeenth Century The Eighteenth Century
  • 13. John Adams’ Post-Revolutionary Reflections
  • 14. John Adams Second President of the United States (Letter written in 1818)
    • “But what do we mean by the American Revolution? Do we mean the American War? The Revolution was effected before the War commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people, a change in their religious sentiments of their duties and obligations.”
  • 15. John Adams (1818)
    • “ The colonies had grown up under constitutions of government so different; there was so great a variety of religions; they were composed of so many different nations; their customs, manners, and habits had so little resemblance; and their intercourse had been so rare and their knowledge of each other so imperfect that to unite them in the same principles in theory and the same system of action was certainly a very difficult enterprise. The complete accomplishment of it in so short a time and by such simple means was perhaps a singular example in the history of mankind. Thirteen clocks were made to strike together: a perfection of mechanism which no artist had ever before effected.”