Prince Charles of Wales Benedict “Viktor” Gombocz
Early life Charles Philip Arthur George was born on 14 November 1948 to then Princess Elizabeth and her husband Philip at Buckingham Palace. Right before midnight the same day, an official declaration of his birth was released. He was baptized on 15 December in the music room at Buckingham Palace by Dr. Geoffrey Fischer, Archbishop of Canterbury. Charles became inheritor apparent in 1952 when his mother became Queen Elizabeth II; he was only four years old when he witnessed his mother’s coronation on 2 June 1953 at Westminster Abbey.
Education He became a roomer at a preparatory school in Berkshire prior to attending Gordonstoun in eastern Scotland. A bright student, Charles passed both his ‘O’ levels and ‘A’ levels; he went on to read archaeology and anthropology at Trinity College, Cambridge – where he was honored a 2:2 degree.
Early career In 1969, 21-year-old Charles was invested as Prince of Wales in an observance at Caernarfon Castle, taking his seat in the House of Lords in 1970. During this time, he was taught to fly by the Royal Air Force, before going on a naval career. Conducting his service on the helicopter HMS Norfolk and two frigates, the prince qualified as a helicopter pilot in 1974, joining the 845 Naval Air Squadron.
Marriage and Divorce In 1981, 33-year-old Charles married Lady Diana Spencer in St. Paul’s Cathedral. The fantasy wedding was watched by millions worldwide. The couple’s children were born soon after: Prince William (b. 1982) and Prince Harry (b. 1984). The royal couple kept to an occupied schedule of royal duties and toured many nations. Nevertheless, the marriage was bound to end; in 1992, PM John Major announced to the House of Commons that Prince Charles and Princess Diana agreed to split, and the marriage ended on 28 August 1996.
1997 Death of Princess Diana In the wake of Princess Diana’s 1997 death in a car crash in Paris, Prince Charles flew to France with Diana’s two sisters to return her body to London. The Princess lay in state in the Chapel Royal at St. James’s Palace until the night before the funeral. On the same day as the funeral, the Prince of Wales escorted his two sons, aged fifteen and twelve, respectively, at the time, as they walked behind the casket from the Mall to Westminster Abbey; with them were the Duke of Edinburgh and the Princess’ brother, Earl Spencer. Prince Charles asked the media to respect his sons’ solitude and let them lead an ordinary school life. In subsequent years, Princes William and Henry, who are, respectively, second and third in line to the throne, escorted their father on a restricted number of official engagements in the UK and overseas.
Second marriage In February 2005, Clarence House proclaimed that the marriage of the Prince of Wales and Mrs. Camilla Parker Bowles would take place on 8 April 2005 at Windsor Castle. The Princess of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall were joined by almost 800 guests at a Service of Prayer and Dedication at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. A reception which was hosted by Her Majesty The Queen followed the Service. It is planned that the Duchess of Cornwell should bear the title HRH the Princess Consort when the Prince of Wales assumes the throne.
The Prince’s Trust The Prince of Wales has a vast range of interests and commits much of his time to charity work, such as the Prince’s Trust and the Prince’s Foundation for the Built Environment. Established in 1976, the Prince’s Trust assists 14 to 30-year- olds who struggled at school, have been in care, have been unemployed for quote some time, or have run into trouble with the law; it also provides training and schooling for these youngsters. The prince now serves as President of the ‘Prince’s Charities’, which are 20 non-profit organisations, of which eighteen were personally founded by Prince Charles; this group raises more than £130 million every year.
Interests, Views and Criticism He is widely known for his interest in issues including the environment and inner-city removal; it is believed he is a proponent of the neo- traditional ideas of architects like Christopher Alexander and Leon Krier. In 1984, Charles strongly criticized the profession of architecture in a speech delivered to the Royal Institute of British Architects. In spite of criticism from the mainstream architectural press, Charles has continued to promote his views on traditional urbanism, human scale, and green design. The Prince has also recently been known to take an interest in further exploration of alternative medicine, drawing criticism from the medical establishment and those who regard such complementary therapies to be pseudoscience at best. Regardless, his charity, the Prince’s Foundation for Integrated Health, has participated in a government drive to improve control and quality standards in the segment.
Public Opinion In a recent survey carried out by YouGov for Prospect magazine, Prince Charles was preferred over his son Prince William as the next British monarch. The poll disclosed that 45 percent of those surveyed favoured Charles ahead of Prince William as their preferred king; 37 percent chose William for their heir to the throne. According to YouGov, this marked a rise in Prince Charles’ popularity from five years before when only 37 percent selected him as their favourite successor. The 2005 wedding of Charles to Camilla Parker Bowles was believed to be caused by the unwillingness of some to select him as their favourite future monarch. It appears that the public, in the main, is satisfied to see the status quo move forward, as a vast majority (65 percent) indicated they believed the Queen should remain monarch. Prince William married Kate Middleton on 29 April 2011.