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Politics of Romania

Politics of Romania



The Government and Politics of Romania

The Government and Politics of Romania



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    Politics of Romania Politics of Romania Presentation Transcript

    • By: Benedict Gombocz
    • Government of Romania Government (Guvernul): Unitary semi-presidential republic and multi-party democracy President (Preşedintele României): Traian Băsescu Prime Minister (Prim- ministru): Victor Ponta President of Senate (Presedintele Senatului): Crin Antonescu President of Chamber (Presedintele Camera): Valeriu Zgonea
    • Parliament represented parties Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat-Liberal, PD-L) Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség, RMDSz; Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România, UDMR) Social Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) National Liberal Party (Partidul Naţional Liberal, PNL) Conservative Party (Partidul Conservator, PC)
    • Years of Romanian presidential electionsand the winning party 1990: National Salvation Front (Frontul Salvării Naţionale, FSN) 1992: Social Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) 1996: Romanian Democratic Convention (Convenţia Democrată Română, CDR) 2000: Social Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) 2004: Justice and Truth Alliance (Alianţa Dreptate şi Adevăr, D.A. PNL-PD) 2009: Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat- Liberal, PD-L)
    • Non-parliament represented partieswith local representatives Greater Romania Party (Partidul România Mare, PRM) New Generation Party – Christian Democratic (Partidul Noua Generaţie – Creştin Democrat, PNGCD) Christian-Democratic National Peasants’ Party (Partidul Naţional Ţărănesc Creştin Democrat, PNŢ-CD)
    • Democratic Liberal Party Populist, centre-right party Currently the ruling party Founded on 15 December 2007 when the Democratic Party merged with the Liberal Democratic Party Part of then governing Justice and Alliance from 2004 to 2007 Won most seats in both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate in 2008 and formed a government coalition with the Social Democratic Party
    • Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Main political organization representing the Hungarian minority of Romania Organized as a political alliance, but nevertheless acts as one of the five main parties of Romania Member or supporter of every government between 1996 and 2008 Entered opposition after 2008 legislative elections, but returned as a member of the government coalition in late 2009
    • Social Democratic Party Formed in 1992 after post- communist National Salivation Front broke apart Adopted its present name after merging with a minor social- democratic party in 2001 Governed Romania twice: From 1992 to 1996 and from 2000 to 2004 Entered into a coalition with the Democratic Liberal Party and formed a government led by Emil Boc Because of disagreements with Boc, the Social Democrats abandoned the coalition government in 2009
    • National Liberal Party Centre-right liberal party Largest member of then governing Justice and Truth alliance until April 2007 Entered opposition after 2008 legislative election and won 19.74% of seats in the Parliament; new government coalition formed by former ally Democratic Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party had 69.85% Formed Social Liberal Union political alliance along with Social Democratic Party and Conservative Party on 5 February 2011
    • Conservative Party Founded on 18 December 1991 under the name Romanian Humanist Party (Partidul Umanist Român, PUR) Junior member of the then ruling coalition from 2005 until 3 December 2006 Took its current name on 7 May 2005 States that it promotes tradition, family, social solidarity, European integration, and nationalism without chauvinism
    • Greater Romania Party Radical right-wing, ultra- nationalist party Founded in June 1991 Participated in government briefly from 1993 to 1995 (in Nicolae Văcăroiu’s cabinet) Attempted to align with the European People’s Party bloc in the European Parliament, during which it briefly changed its name to Greater Romania People’s Party
    • New Generation Party Nationalist, Christian democratic political party Founded in 2000 Taken over by businessman Gigi Becali, who became its leader, in January 2004 Won 2.2% of the popular vote but no seats in the Chamber of Deputies and Senate in 2004 legislative elections Has been described as the United States Department of State as an “extreme nationalist party”
    • Christian-Democratic NationalPeasants’ Party Christian-Democratic party Successor of the National Peasants’ Party (which, in turn, was the successor of the Romanian National Party from Transylvania) Founded in December 1989 under the name Partidul Naţional Ţărănesc Creştin şi Democrat (PNŢCD or PNŢcd, Christian-Democratic National Peasants Party) First officially registered party after end of communism
    • Emil Boc President of Democratic Liberal Party and PM of Romania from 22 December 2008 until resignation on 6 February 2012 Born on 6 September 1966 in Răchiţele (now Mărgău) Previously served as Mayor of Cluj-Napoca from 2004 to 2009 Acted as the head of an interim cabinet until a new Prime Minister and cabinet were confirmed by Parliament
    • Hunor Kelemen President of Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania and a member of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies since 2000 Born on 18 October 1967 in Cârţa Was nominated as his party’s candidate in the 2009 presidential elections and received 3.8% of the valid votes Romania’s Minister of Culture in Emil Boc’s government since December 2009
    • Victor Ponta Leader of Social Democratic Party and member of the Romanian Chamber of Deputies for Gorj County Current PM of Romania Born on 20 September 1972 in Bucharest Was Minister-Delegate for Relations with Parliament from 2008 to 2009 in the Emil Boc cabinet Received a master’s degree in International Criminal Law from the University of Catania in 2000
    • Crin Antonescu President of National Liberal Party and President of the Senate Born on 21 September 1959 in Tulcea Was a candidate in the 2009 presidential election Was elected as a member of the Senate in the 2008 legislative election Member of the Chamber of Deputies between 1996 and 2008; acted as party delegates leader between 2007 and 2008
    • Daniel Constantin President of the Conservative Party Born on 26 June 1978 in Bucharest Previously served as President of APIA (Agenția de Plăți și Intervenție pentru Agricultură, Payments and Intervention Agency for Agriculture) for six months- April to October 2009
    • Corneliu Vadim Tudor Leader of Greater Romania Party Born on 28 November 1949 in Bucharest Served as a senator from 1992 to 2008 Known for his nationalist and patriotic views Founded the Nationalist Weekly România Mare (Greater Romania), a magazine favorable to government policies, in June 1990
    • George Becali Leader of New Generation Party Born on 25 June 1958 in Zagna, Vădeni, Brăila Best known for his participation in the Steaua București football club Member of the European Parliament since 2009
    • Marian Milut President of Christian- Democratic National Peasants’ Party Born on 29 December 1955 in Craiova, Dolj County Was also president of the Romanian Small and Medium Entrepreneurs Union and assisted the Union’s co-operation with the European Popular Party
    • Results of 2009 presidential elections – Firstround
    • Results of 2009 presidential elections –Second round
    • Summary of 22 November and 6 December2009 presidential elections results Democratic Liberal Party: 32.44% Social Democratic Party + Conservative Party: 31.15% National Liberal Party: 20.02% Greater Romania Party: 5.56% Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania: 3.83% Independent: 3.18% New Generation Party – Christian Democratic: 1.91% Green Party: 0.62% Socialist Alliance Party: 0.45% Independent: 0.35% Ecologist Party of Romania: 0.23% Independent: 0.21%
    • Sfârşit (The End)