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Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
Ratification 2008
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Ratification 2008

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  • 1. Theme of C onstitutional C onvention = C ompromise Concessions
  • 2. The U.S Constitution English Traditions Colonial Governments NY State Constitution The Iroquois Confederacy                                                  
  • 3. The Challenge continues….Ratification 1 2
  • 4.
    • How was the Constitution to be ratified?
    • Why was their opposition?
    • Who opposed and why?
  • 5. According the new U.S. Constitution Article VII requires 9 states to Ratify the document                             
  • 6. The Challenge of Ratification
  • 7. The challenge of ratification was to unite 13 diverse states (population, wealth, size) under a common government system                             
  • 8. “ If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary.” James Madison
  • 9. Federalists Anti-Federalists How about a Boxing Analogy…… The ratification of the Constitution was hotly contested in many states pitting those in favor of a strong central gov’t (Federalist) and those who feared a strong central gov’t (Anti-Federalist) Strong gov’t to run the country Protect individual rights VS.
  • 10. The Federalist Papers (the most influential political literature of the time) 1) Argued that limitations on governmental power were built into the Constitution 2) Need for strength to earn respect abroad
  • 11. Hamilton John Jay Madison
  • 12. The Federalist Papers were a series of 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, under the pen-name "Publius," that appeared in New York newspapers (primarily, the Independent Journal and the New York Packet ) from October 1787 to May 1788. The essays urged New York delegates to ratify the Constitution. In 1788, the essays were published in a bound volume entitled the Federalist and eventually became known as the Federalist Papers .                             
  • 13. To address fears that the Constitution would give the central government too much power and would limit individual freedom, Hamilton, Jay, and Madison analyzed the Constitution in detail and outlined the built in checks and balances meant to divide power between the three branches of government and to preserve the rights of the people and states.                             
  • 14. Ratification Chart Anti- Federalists Federalists WHY?  Feared stronger central government  Constitution lacked a Bill of Rights  Too Much power to the president  Placed power in the hands of the wealthy WHY?  Large land owners, businessmen, wealthy  Wanted a stronger central govt. to protect their economic interests Position : Opposed Position: Supported
  • 15. Ratification
  • 16. The proposed Constitution. . . is, in strictness, neither a national nor a federal constitution; but a composition of both James Madison
  • 17. The state motto, "Live free or die," and nine stars, signifying the fact that New Hampshire was the ninth state to ratify the

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