Monks in the middle ages ryan leahy


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Medieval Monks

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Monks in the middle ages ryan leahy

  1. 1. By Ryan Leahy
  2. 2. Monasteries  Many people liked to get away from the crowd and pray.  They set up communities of men and women which were called monasteries and convents.  The men were called monks and the women nuns.
  3. 3. Monasteries  They followed strict rules, which had been made up by an Italian monk called St. Benedict.  They had to pray regularly, fast and obey the abbot who was head of the monastery (or abbey, as it was sometimes called).
  4. 4. Monasteries  Monasteries acted as inns and hospitals, and poor people often went there for help.  Boys and sometimes girls were educated in monasteries.
  5. 5. A medieval monastery  The church is where the monks prayed seven times a day.  The dormitory is where the monks slept.  The cloisters is where the monks walked and prayed  The Chapter House is where the monks met to discuss the business of the monastery and elect the abbot.  The infirmary where the sick were nursed.
  6. 6. A medieval monastery  The library is where the monks studied or copied manuscripts.  The quest house is where the monks gave food to poor people and travellers.  The refectory is where the monks ate their meals.
  7. 7. A monastery
  8. 8. Becoming a monk  When a boy joined a monastery he was called a novice. He had to learn the rules and see if the life suited him. If the abbot thought the novice would make a monk, he let him take solemn vows.  These were promises of poverty (he must not own anything), chastity (he must not marry) and obedience (he must do what the abbot told him).  Then his hair was cut in a tonsure. This was a bald patch in the middle of his head. It showed that a man was a monk.
  9. 9. A monk
  10. 10. Daily life in a medieval monastery  3am: Day begins. The monks get out of bed to sing matins (morning prayers) in the church.  4-6am: Return to bed for a brief sleep.  6am: Silent prayer.  7am: Breakfast, like all meals, was eaten in strict silence.  8-9.30am: Work in the fields or in the library.  10am: High Mass in the church.  11am-2pm: Work again
  11. 11. Daily life in a medieval monastery  2pm: Dinner was the main meal of the day.  2.30pm: Reading.  3-5pm: Work.  5pm: Vespers (evening prayers).  6pm: Supper.  8pm: Compline (night prayer) and retire to bed.
  12. 12. Types of monks  The abbot was the head of the monastery and was elected by the monks.  When he was away on business his place was taken by the prior.  The almoner looked after the travellers who came to the monastery.  The infirmarian looked after the sick.  The librarian looked after the library.