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Medieval Monks

Medieval Monks

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Isabel seacymonks Isabel seacymonks Presentation Transcript

  • MEDIEVAL MONKS By Isabel Seacy
  • A Medieval Monk  Medieval Monks were similar to Early Christian Ireland monks but also had differences.  They still copied manuscripts and prayed however, they had different buildings in their monasteries.  These monks would have been members of orders such as the Dominicans or the Franciscans. Some of these orders still exist today.
  • Becoming a monk When a boy joined a monastery he was called a novice. If the Abbot thought he would be a good monk he would let him take solemn vows.... These were promises of: Poverty- he must not own anything Chastity- he must not marry Obedience- he must do what the Abbot told him His hair was also cut in a tonsure. This was a bald patch in the middle of his head.
  • A monk’s tonsure
  • A monk’s clothing The colour of their clothes varied according to their order.....  A tunic, tied around the waist with a cloth or leather belt.  Over the tunic was a scapula. This was a long wide piece of woollen cloth worn over the shoulders.  A cowl (a hood) was attached to the scapula.  Monks would also wear a chain with a cross around their necks.
  • A monk’s clothes
  • Pyramid of Power Pope Bishop Arch bishop Arch deacon Abbot Prior Dean Monks
  • A Medieval Monastery  The first type of monastery was established by St. Benedict in 529 AD.  Different orders of monks and nuns were also established during this time such as the Benedictines, Augustinians and Poor Clares.  The monks lived in monasteries whereas the nuns lived in convents.
  • Uses of a monastery  A medieval monastery made many works of charity by feeding the hungry and healing the sick who were brought to them.  A monastery provided education for boys who wanted to become priests.  A monastery copied manuscripts preserved valuable books.  It also kept records of anything eventful that had happened in the past.
  • Monastery layout There are many parts to a monastery such as:  Church – where the monks prayed every day  Chapter House – where they met to discuss business or to elect a new Abbot  Library – where monks studied or copied manuscript.
  • Monastery layout 2 Cloisters – where monks walked and prayed. Guest house – where monks gave food to poor people. Infirmary – where the sick were nursed. Refectory – where the monks ate their meals. Dormitory – where the monks slept.
  • A Medieval monastery
  • A monks daily life 3am Day begins. The monks get out of bed to sing matins in the church (morning prayers) 4-6am Return to bed for brief sleep 6am Silent prayer 7am Breakfast, eaten in silence like any other meal 8-9am Work in the fields or in the library 10am High mass in the church 11-2pm Work again 2pm Dinner was the main meal of the day 2:30pm Reading 3-5pm Work 5pm Vespers (evening prayers) 6pm Supper 8pm Compline (night prayer) and retire to bed
  • A Monk’s work Each monk had his own special job: The Abbot was the head of the monastery & was elected by the monks When he was away on business his place was taken by the Prior The Almoner looked after the people who came to the monastery The Infirmarian looked after the sick The Librarian looked after the library.