They are my friendsAre you from England?He is my best friendShe is a doctorEXAMPLES
Normally we use the verbto be to show the statusor characteristics ofsomething or someone.It says what I am, whatyou are or whatsomething is.Verb TO BE
Long form Short formI am I’mYou are You’reHe is He’sShe is She’sIt is It’sWe are We’reThey are They’reAffirmative form
Negative formLong form Short formI am not I’m notYou are not You aren’tHe is not He isn’tShe is not She isn’tIt is not It isn’tWe are not We aren’tThey are not They aren’t
QuestionAm I?Are you?Is he?Is she?Is it?Are we?Are they?Interrogative form
I am a student.He is a teacher.She is a journalist.It is a book.We are mechanics.You are pilots.They are policemen.EXAMPLES
Exercises!1) My mother ____ in the kitchen.2) The pupils _____ not at school today.3) Marias grandmother _____ fromBrazil.4) I _____ a football fan.5) It ____ Sunday today.6) They _____ in the car.7) His pencil case _____ at home.8) _____ you from Sheffield?
Subject and verb change their position in statement andquestion: If the answer is "Yes", we always use:Yes, I am. Yes, she is. Yes, they are. Yes, we are. If the answer is "No", we always use:No, I am not - No, Im not.No, they aren’t. No, we aren’t. No, she isn’t.No, he isn’t.Yes/No questionsStatement You are from Germany.Question Are you from Germany?
1) Are you from England? - Yes, _________2) Is she nice? - Yes, ________3) Are the friends at school? - Yes, ______4) Is the dog in the garden? - Yes, _______5) Are you 12? - No, _______6) Is your school bag black? - Yes, ______7) Is he a teacher? - Yes, ______8) Are your parents from Italy? - No, ______9) Are we students? - Yes, ______Exercises!