Documentation of Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia (Medina, KSA, Dec 2013)

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This is a presentation that has been delivered by Prof. Hisham Mortada, KAU, at 3rd National Heritage Conference, held in Medina, KSA, Dec. 8, 2013. It is on a 3-year academic research project aimed to document traditional architecture of Saudi Arabia.

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Documentation of Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia (Medina, KSA, Dec 2013)

  1. 1. Documentation & Analysis of Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia (DATASA) Prof. Dr. Hisham Mortada King Abdul Aziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia December 8. 2013
  2. 2. Documentation & Analysis of Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia (DATASA) • In 2009, KAU signed a scientific exchange agreement with Technical University of Vienna (TUV) to jointly conduct a research to document traditional architecture of Saudi Arabia. • Aims: • Technology transfer • Documentation of traditional architecture of Saudi Arabia (space distribution, external treatment, construction materials and techniques, and influencing factors)
  3. 3. Documentation & Analysis of Traditional Architecture of Saudi Arabia (DATASA) • VUT’s Responsibility: Training KAU’s students and faculty members on the use of the latest technologies (i.e. 3D laser scanning) of documentation of historic buildings in Jeddah. • KAU Team’s Responsibility: Documentation of traditional architecture throughout Saudi Arabia (except Jeddah) • Project Period: 36 months, starting May 2011 • Number of Participants: 25 faculty members and more than 60 students. • Achievement: Surveying the traditional architecture and urbanism of 95 cities, towns, villages and settlements in Saudi Arabia.
  4. 4. DATASA 5 4 3 1 2
  5. 5. Surveyed settlements
  6. 6. DATASA Scales: •Urban • Architecture Techniques: • 3D laser scanning • City analysis • Conventional means (measurement, drawing, sketching) • Photography • Video taping • GPS & thermal assessment • Interpretation • Oral history • Local resources
  7. 7. JEDDAH
  8. 8. TRABASA: 3D Laser Scanning • Traditional Architecture Recorded by Means of Building Archaeology in Saudi Arabia (2011) 3D laser scanning (Historic Jeddah)
  9. 9. TRABASA: 3D Laser Scanning
  10. 10. TRABASA: 3D Laser Scanning
  11. 11. City Analysis Al-Ula • Dhahran al-Janoub Urban configuration, city wall and gates, street network, land uses, etc.
  12. 12. City Analysis Al-Alagah Village, Az-Zulfi • Yanbu Urban configuration, city wall and gates, street network, land uses, etc.
  13. 13. City Analysis Domat al-Jandal • Wadi al-Dawaser Urban configuration, city wall and gates, street network, land uses, etc.
  14. 14. City Analysis Domat al-Jandal Farasan Islands • Urban configuration, city wall and gates, street network, land uses, etc.
  15. 15. Conventional Means • Note taking, observation, measuring, sketching, and drawing
  16. 16. Conventional Means Construction materials, Asir Spatial distribution, alAflaj • Construction technique, Oyon al-Jewa, al-Qassim Note taking, observation, measuring, sketching, and drawing
  17. 17. Conventional Means • Note taking, observation, measuring, sketching, and drawing
  18. 18. Conventional Means Ahad Rafidah, Asir Yanbu • Al-Ghat Note taking, observation, measuring, sketching, and drawing
  19. 19. Conventional Means A house GF, Farasan Island • A house elevation, Al-Qunfudah Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  20. 20. Conventional Means Yanbu • Najran Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  21. 21. Conventional Means Al-Zafier, Baha • Wadi al-Dawasir Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  22. 22. Conventional Means A House GF, Huraimlah • Kaf Palace, al-Jouf Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  23. 23. Conventional Means A House GF, Tabouk • A House GF, Manwah Village, al-Qurayyat Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  24. 24. Conventional Means Noorwalli House, Historic Jeddah • Al-Nawar House, Historic Jeddah Resulted drawings (floor plans and sections for 2 houses of each settlement)
  25. 25. Photographic Survey Taif Al-Ula Bani Malik, Jazan
  26. 26. Video Taping Az-Zulfi Wadi al-Dawaser
  27. 27. Thermal Analysis Al-Dariyah (30 vs. 46°c) Al-Hair (30 vs. 62°c)
  28. 28. GPS A surveyed dwelling, al-Dariayh • Location definition using MotionX
  29. 29. GPS Anad al-Ghoraidh House, Tabouk • Location definition using MotionX
  30. 30. GPS Wall remains, Hotat Bani Tamim • Location definition using MotionX
  31. 31. Interpretation Added floor, Umluj • Architectural Scale Integrated structure, Hail
  32. 32. Interpretation Missing space, Duba Half building, Hafuf • Architectural Scale Undefined courtyard, Hail
  33. 33. Interpretation Collapsed column, Hail Misplaced column, Oyon al-Jewa • Architectural Scale Cut beam, Umluj Unrecognized space use, Bani Malik, Jazan
  34. 34. Interpretation Missing boundaries, Hail Lower openings, Maqsorat al-Swelem • Architectural Scale Cemented mud wall, al-Khobra, Qassim
  35. 35. Interpretation Original colour? Taif • Architectural Scale Incomplete Rowshan, Yanbu Foreign figures, Hail
  36. 36. Interpretation Ruined district, al-Alagah Ruined district, Yanbu • Unidentified urban layout and foreign style, Sabya Unidentified commercial street, Dhahran al-Janob Urban Scale
  37. 37. Interpretation Unrecognizable urban layout, Aflaj Deserted settlement, Az-Zulfi • Urban Scale Winding sabat, Qatif
  38. 38. Oral History Asir Aflaj Umluj Taif • Urban aspects (wall, gates, major streets, land uses, etc.) • Architectural aspects (space usage, style, construction materials & techniques, master builders, source of construction materials, etc.) • Influencing factors (i.e. history, environment, economy, culture, etc.)
  39. 39. Oral History Najran Yanbu Dhahran al-Janob Jazan
  40. 40. Oral History Fead Village, Hail Al-Mothnab, al-Qassim Al-Wajh
  41. 41. Oral History Al-Kaf Village, al-Jouf Az-Zulfi Al-Mostajedah Village, Hail
  42. 42. Local Resources Dammam Oshaiger • Libraries & museums Jizan Al-Ghat
  43. 43. Summary & Conclusions • DATASA is the first attempt ever to scientifically record and survey the traditional architecture of Saudi Arabia. • The results of the project will be delivered in the form of reports and published papers and books. Various internet media and documentary productions might be considered in future. • The members of the project team have painfully witnessed the vanishing of very precious buildings and entire settlements that are significant to the regional history and identity of Saudi Arabia. • Local communities have a fundamental responsibility in protecting the architectural heritage they produced while authority should raise public awareness to maintain this heritage.
  44. 44. Thank you for listening! hmortada@kau.edu.sa

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