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Management Of Anaemia - by Hinduja Hospital
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Hinduja Hospital’s specialist doctor suggests on abnormal blood counts and management of Anemia. Anemia is a can be a cause of a serious illness, so it is important to have it assessed and get the ...

Hinduja Hospital’s specialist doctor suggests on abnormal blood counts and management of Anemia. Anemia is a can be a cause of a serious illness, so it is important to have it assessed and get the appropriate treatment.

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Management Of Anaemia - by Hinduja Hospital Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Management of Anaemia Dr. Balkrishna PadateConsultant in Haematology, Haemato- Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation (BMT) MD (Med) MRCP(UK) FRCPath(UK) CCST(UK)
  • 2. Anaemia• Condition where the number of red blood cells in the blood is low and reduced Hemoglobin (Normal Hb 13.5)• Detected in routing blood count or when a person does blood count because of symptoms of tiredness etc.• Anemia is actually a sign of a disease process rather than a disease itself.
  • 3. • Blood is comprised of two parts; a liquid part called the plasma and a cellular part. The cellular part contains several different cell types.• One of the most important and most numerous cell type are red blood cells. The other cell types are the white blood cells and platelets.
  • 4. • Red cells are produced in the bone marrow and then they come to the blood pool and do its job of carrying oxygen to the all parts of the body.• Patients who are anemic, do not get good oxygen supply to their organs and hence feel short of breath and tired. They cannot do their day to day activities well.
  • 5. • Having the correct number of red blood cells and prevention of anemia requires cooperation among the kidneys, the bone marrow, and nutrients within the body.
  • 6. Causes of Anaemia1. Loss of Red Cells due to bleeding leading to iron deficiency anaemia2. Decreased production of Red Cells from the bone marrow e.g. Leukaemia, Aplastic anaemia3. Decreased production of red cells because of poor kidney function4. Increased destruction of red cells in the blood
  • 7. Investigations for anaemia• When we look at the blood count (CBC) we get suggestions about the causes of anaemia e.g. iron deficiency anaemia.• Rarely if the anaemia is because of bone marrow related condition like aplastic anaemia or acute leukaemia, the bone marrow examination is necessary.
  • 8. First Question• The onset of Anaemia• Acute versus chronic• Clues – Hemodynamic stability – Previous CBC – Overt blood loss
  • 9. Treatment of anaemia• Depends on the cause of anaemia e.g. iron deficiency anaemia needs iron therapy and also need treating the underlying cause of iron deficiency like blood loss.
  • 10. Treatment of anaemia• B12 /Folate deficiency needs replacement of those. This deficiency is common in vegetarian population.• If bone marrow is involved because of acute leukaemia, patient need treatment for acute leukaemia to recover the bone marrow function.
  • 11. Treatment of anaemia• In elderly patients anaemia need to be investigated thoroughly to rule out a bone marrow condition called myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) which is a bone marrow condition. Treatments are available for this condition.• Conditions like acute leukaemia and aplastic anaemia are serious and need intensive treatments.
  • 12. Prevention of anaemia• Diet for iron deficiency: Iron reach diet include beat root, dates, jaggery, raisins, kidney beans and red meat• B12 and folate is available in non-vegetarian diet mostly and vegetarian people who become deficient need the replacements in the form of medicines.
  • 13. For further queries write to us at:info@hindujahospital.comJoin our social network:Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/HindujaHospital Twitter: https://twitter.com/WellnessMumbai
  • 14. Thank You!