GEOGRAPHY
Physical Features <ul><li>South Asia consists of 7 countries – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and S...
Physical Features <ul><li>Scientists believe that over 60 million years ago the South Asian subcontinent was a part of Afr...
Physical REgions
Northern Mountains <ul><li>Three mountain systems create the northern border of the Indian subcontinent :  Hindu Kush, Him...
Mt. Everest Karakoran Mts . Hindu Kush Khyber Pass Northern Mountains ▲ ▲ Himalayas
Hindu Kush
The Khyber Pass Kyber Pass
<ul><li>“ him” [snow] </li></ul><ul><li>“ aalaya” [home] </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest is   29,035 feet. It    is the high...
Northern Plain <ul><li>Wide fertile plains lie south of the mountains and are fed by three rivers </li></ul><ul><li>The  I...
Indus R. Ganges R. Brahmaputra R. Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Northern Plain Rivers
Southern Region <ul><li>At the base of the sub-continent are two mountain chains – the  Eastern Ghats  and the  Western Gh...
Deserts / Plateaus Thar Desert Deccan Plateau Tibetan Plateau Deserts & Plateaus
The Deccan Plateau <ul><li>31,800 square miles in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation range:  2,000 – 8,000 feet high. </li>...
The Tibetan Plateau <ul><li>The “Roof of the World.” </li></ul><ul><li>average elevation is 16,400 feet. </li></ul>
The Thar Desert <ul><li>The Great Indian Desert </li></ul><ul><li>200  - 1500 feet in elevation. </li></ul><ul><li>up to 1...
Climate <ul><li>Much of the subcontinent has 3 seasons: dry, wet, and cool – the seasons are influenced by the rainfall </...
Climate Regions of South Asia
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Sageography 091002130315-phpapp01

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Sageography 091002130315-phpapp01

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHY
  2. 2. Physical Features <ul><li>South Asia consists of 7 countries – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>The landforms include, mountains, rivers, deserts, fertile plains, and plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia is located on a subcontinent – a large landmass that rests on its own tectonic plate yet is smaller than a continent </li></ul>
  3. 3. Physical Features <ul><li>Scientists believe that over 60 million years ago the South Asian subcontinent was a part of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>It broke away, and began to drift north until it “hit” Asia </li></ul><ul><li>When the tectonic plates collided, mountains were formed </li></ul><ul><li>South Asia is divided into three regions: Northern Mountains, Northern Plains, & Southern Region </li></ul>
  4. 4. Physical REgions
  5. 5. Northern Mountains <ul><li>Three mountain systems create the northern border of the Indian subcontinent : Hindu Kush, Himalaya, and Karakoram </li></ul><ul><li>The Himalaya Mountains are the highest mountain system in the world and effectively kept South Asia isolated from the East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>People from Central Asia (Afghanistan and Pakistan) were able to enter South Asia via the Khyber Pass of the Hindu Kush Mountains </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mt. Everest Karakoran Mts . Hindu Kush Khyber Pass Northern Mountains ▲ ▲ Himalayas
  7. 7. Hindu Kush
  8. 8. The Khyber Pass Kyber Pass
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ him” [snow] </li></ul><ul><li>“ aalaya” [home] </li></ul><ul><li>Mt. Everest is 29,035 feet. It is the highest mt. peak in the world. </li></ul>The Himalayas
  10. 10. Northern Plain <ul><li>Wide fertile plains lie south of the mountains and are fed by three rivers </li></ul><ul><li>The Indus River begins in the Himalayas and flows southwest through Pakistan into the Arabian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>The Ganges River begins in the Himalayas and flows southeast through Bangladesh and eventually connects with the Brahmaputra River </li></ul><ul><li>The Ganges Plain has India’s richest soil and is home to about 40% of India’s population </li></ul>
  11. 11. Indus R. Ganges R. Brahmaputra R. Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Northern Plain Rivers
  12. 12. Southern Region <ul><li>At the base of the sub-continent are two mountain chains – the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats </li></ul><ul><li>Between the mountains is a highland area known as the Deccan Plateau </li></ul><ul><li>The Western Ghats block seasonal rains and area is extremely dry </li></ul><ul><li>South of the Deccan Plateau is the Karnataka Plateau – this area receives seasonal rains and has fertile soil </li></ul>
  13. 13. Deserts / Plateaus Thar Desert Deccan Plateau Tibetan Plateau Deserts & Plateaus
  14. 14. The Deccan Plateau <ul><li>31,800 square miles in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation range: 2,000 – 8,000 feet high. </li></ul><ul><li>From the Sanskrit word, “dakshina” [“the south”]. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Tibetan Plateau <ul><li>The “Roof of the World.” </li></ul><ul><li>average elevation is 16,400 feet. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Thar Desert <ul><li>The Great Indian Desert </li></ul><ul><li>200 - 1500 feet in elevation. </li></ul><ul><li>up to 127ºF in July. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Climate <ul><li>Much of the subcontinent has 3 seasons: dry, wet, and cool – the seasons are influenced by the rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Dry season – the land heats up, ground becomes hard, vegetation shrivels (M, A, M) </li></ul><ul><li>Wet season – (monsoon season) southwest wind brings heavy rain (J, J, A) </li></ul><ul><li>One of the wettest places on earth is Cherrapunji with 450 in. a year </li></ul><ul><li>Cool season – winds reverse blow from the northeast cooling the land down (S – F) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Climate Regions of South Asia

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