13-04-29 Drucker, Yogi Berra, A Chinese Proverb, William Davidow, David Packard
1. C A I I BGeneral Bank ManagementMarketing Management for BankersMODULE D
2. 2What is Marketing…??Selling?Advertising?Promotions?Making products available in stores?Maintaining inventories?All of the above, plus much more!
3. 3Marketing = ?Marketing is the process of planning and executing theconception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas,goods, services to create exchanges that satisfyindividual and organizational goalsAmerican Marketing Association
4. 4Marketing = ?Marketing management is the art and science ofchoosing target markets and getting, keeping, andgrowing customers through creating, delivering, andcommunicating superior customer value.
6. 6Marketing = ? Marketing is the sum of all activities that take you to asales outlet. After that sales takes over. Marketing is all about creating a pull, sales is all aboutpush. Marketing is all about managing the four P’s – product price place promotion
7. 7The 4 Ps & 4CsMarketingMixProductPrice PromotionPlaceCustomerSolutionCustomerCostCommunicationConvenience
8. 8Difference Between - Sales & Marketing ?Salestrying to get the customer to want what thecompany producesMarketingtrying to get the company produce whatthe customer wants
9. 9Scope – What do we market Goods Services Events Experiences Personalities Place Organizations Properties Information Ideas and concepts
10. 10Core Concepts of MarketingBased on : Needs, Wants, Desires / demand Products, Utility, Value & Satisfaction Exchange, Transactions & Relationships Markets, Marketing & Marketers.
11. 11Needs, wantsdemandsMarkets Marketing &MarketersUtility, Value &SatisfactionXchange, TransactionRelationshipsProductsCore Concepts of Marketing
12. 12Core Concepts of Marketing Need – food ( is a must ) Want – Pizza, Burger, French frys ( translation of a needas per our experience ) Demand – Burger ( translation of a want as per ourwillingness and ability to buy ) Desire – Have a Burger in a five star hotel
13. 13In order to understand Marketing let us begin with theMarketing TriangleCustomersCompetitionCompany
14. 14Who is a Customer ??Anyone who is in the market looking at a product /service for attention, acquisition, use or consumptionthat satisfies a want or a needCUSTOMER IS . . . . .
15. 15Customer –CUSTOMER has needs, wants, demands anddesiresUnderstanding these needs is starting point of theentire marketingThese needs, wants …… arise within a frameworkor an ecosystemUnderstanding both the needs and the ecosystem isthe starting point of a long term relationship
16. 16How Do Consumers Choose AmongProducts & Services?Value - the value or benefits the customers gain fromusing the product versus the cost of obtaining theproduct.Satisfaction - Based on a comparison of performanceand expectations. Performance > Expectations => Satisfaction Performance < Expectations => Dissatisfaction
17. 17Customers - Problem SolutionAs a priority , we must bring to our customers“WHAT THEY NEED”We must be in a position to UNDERSTAND theirproblemsOr in a new situation to give them a chance to AVOIDthe problems
19. 20Strategic MarketingStrategic marketing management is concerned withhow we will create value for the customerAsks two main questions What is the organization’s main activity at aparticular time? – Customer Value What are its primary goals and how will these beachieved? – how will this value be delivered
20. 21Strategic PlanningStrategic Planning is the managerial process ofcreating and maintaining a fit between theorganization’s objectives and resources and theevolving market opportunities. Also called Strategic Management Process All organizations have this Can be Formal or Informal
21. 22The Strategic-Planning, Implementation,and Control Process
28. 29Why a product like radio declinedand now once again emerging asan entertainment medium ?
29. 30What Were the Drivers of This Change ?Technology ?Government policy ?Other media substitutes ?
30. 31Why Market Leaders Suffered ? HMT vs. Titan HLL vs. Nirma Bajaj vs. Honda Dot.com boom, then bust and now resurgence Market leadership today cannot be taken forgranted.New and more efficient companies are ableto upstage leaders in a much shorter period.
33. 34The macro-environmentis the assessment of the external forces that act upon thefirm and its customers, that create threats & opportunities
34. 35P r o d u c tP r o d u c t
35. 36Anything that is offered to the market forattention, acquisition, use or consumption thatsatisfies a want or a needProduct is . . . . .
36. 37Types of ProductsConsumerProductsIndustrialProductsPRODUCTSServices
37. 38Product Items, Lines, and MixesProduct ItemProduct ItemProduct LineProduct LineProduct MixProduct MixA specific version of a productthat can be designated as adistinct offering among anorganization’s products.A specific version of a productthat can be designated as adistinct offering among anorganization’s products.A group of closely-relatedproduct items.A group of closely-relatedproduct items.All products that anorganization sells.All products that anorganization sells.
38. 39Product MixWidth – how many product lines a company hasLength – how many products are there in a product lineDepth – how many variants of each product exist within aproduct lineConsistency – how closely related the product lines are inend use
39. 40Gillette’s Product Lines & MixBlades and Writingrazors Toiletries instruments LightersFusion – 5 bladeMach 3 TurboMach 3 Series Paper Mate CricketSensor Adorn Flair S.T. DupontTrac II Toni S.T. DupontAtra Right GuardSwivel SilkienceDouble-Edge Soft and DriLady Gillette FoamySuper Speed Dry LookTwin Injector Dry IdeaTechmatic Brush PlusWidth of the product mixWidth of the product mixDepthoftheproductlinesDepthoftheproductlines
40. 41What is a Service? Definingthe EssenceAn act or performance offered by one party to another(performances are intangible, but may involve use ofphysical products)An economic activity that does not result in ownershipA process that creates benefits by facilitating a desiredchange in customers themselves, or their physicalpossessions, or intangible assets
41. 42Some Industries - Service SectorBanking, stock brokingLodgingRestaurants, bars,cateringInsuranceNews and entertainmentTransportation (freight andpassenger)Health careEducationWholesaling and retailingLaundries, dry-cleaningRepair and maintenanceProfessional (e.g., law,architecture, consulting)
42. 43Classification of ServicesPure Tangible ProductMaterials / ComponentsComputersMajor Product withMinor ServicesProduct = ServiceMajor Service withMinor ProductBusiness HotelsGood TransportationBankingPure IntangibleService
43. 44 Intangibility – Services are intangibility cannot be seen,tasted, felt, heard or smelled before purchase. Inseparability - Services are produced and consumedsimultaneously. Variability or Heterogeneity – Services are highly variable Perishability – Services cannot be stored. Non Ownership - Services are rendered but there is notransfer of titleMajor Characteristic of Services
44. 45The Marketing MixThe conventional view of the marketing mix consisted offour components (4 Ps): Product, Price, Place/distribution and Promotion.Generally acknowledged that this is too narrow today;now includes , Processes, Productivity [technology ]People [employees], Physical evidenceMarketers today are focused on virtually all aspects ofthe firm’s operations that have the potential to affectthe relationship with customers.
45. 46The “8Ps” of Integrated ServiceManagement vs. the Traditional“4Ps”► Product elements► Place, cyberspace, and time► Process► Productivity and quality► People► Promotion and education► Physical evidence► Price and other user outlays
46. 47The Give and Get of Marketing
47. 48Great Words on Marketing1. “The purpose of a company is ‘to create a customer…The onlyprofit center is the customer.’”2. “A business has two—and only two—basic functions: marketingand innovation. Marketing and innovation produce results: all therest are costs.”3. “The aim of marketing is to make selling unnecessary.”4. “While great devices are invented in the Laboratory, greatproducts are invented in the Marketing department.”5. “Marketing is too important to be left to the marketingdepartment.”
48. 49Drivers of Customer SatisfactionMany aspects of the firm’s value proposition contributeto customer satisfaction: The core product or service offered Support services and systems The technical performance of the firm Interaction with the firm and it employees The emotional connection with customersAbility to add value and to differentiate as a firm focusesmore on the top levels
49. 50Marketers and MarketsMarketers are focused on stimulating exchanges withcustomers who make up markets – B2C or B2B.The market is comprised of people who play a seriesof roles: decision makers, consumers,purchasers, and influencers.It is absolutely essential that marketers have a detailedunderstanding of consumers, their needs andwants.Much happens before and after the sale to affectcustomer satisfaction
50. 51Stages of Customer Interaction
51. 52What Changed in Marketing…• Organize by product units• Focus on profitable transactions• Look primarily at financialscorecard• Focus on shareholders• Marketing does the marketing• Build brands through advertising• Focus on customer acquisition• No customer satisfactionmeasurement• Over-promise, under-deliver• Organize by customer segments• Focus on customer lifetime value• Look also at marketing scorecard• Focus on stakeholders• Everyone does the marketing• Build brands through performance• Focus on customer retention• Measure customer satisfaction andretention rate• Under-promise, over-deliverOld Economy New Economy
53. 54Myth 1 – The larger the range of products, the morecustomer-centric I am.Mythbuster – The range of products hasMythbuster – The range of products hasemerged from beingemerged from beingcompetition-centric.competition-centric.
54. 55Myth 2 – Better technology (read CRM) leads tobetter customer service.Mythbuster – TechnologyMythbuster – Technologyalone does not deliver,alone does not deliver,helps people do.helps people do.
55. 56Myth 3 – Launch a product and the customer will startusing instantly.- Give a customer a card and he will learn how to playwith it immediatelyMythbuster – Customers needMythbuster – Customers needTo be educated too…To be educated too…
56. 57Mythbuster – CustomersMythbuster – Customersare not only presentare not only presentwhere competition is.where competition is.Myth 4 – The only way to get a customer is fromcompetition.
57. 58Myth 5 – Just advertise and - You will sell.Mythbuster – Advertising will only sell,Mythbuster – Advertising will only sell,Not retain customers.Not retain customers.
58. 59Myth 6 – No difference between marketing & sellingMythbuster –Mythbuster – “Selling focuses on the needs of the“Selling focuses on the needs of theseller; marketing on the needs of the buyer.seller; marketing on the needs of the buyer.
59. 60Myth 7 – In the absence of relationships ‘trust’ buildsfinancial brandsMythbuster – TMythbuster – Trust is not a differentiator at all…rust is not a differentiator at all…it is the very minimum that the customer expects!!it is the very minimum that the customer expects!!
60. 61So what will the differentiators be :So what will the differentiators be :• Technology ?• Brand ?
61. 62The real differentiator ofThe real differentiator ofcustomer – centricity in acustomer – centricity in acommoditised world of financialcommoditised world of financialproducts -products -Customer Service !Customer Service !