FAST Stroke Presentation
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FAST Stroke Presentation

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Review of FAST

Review of FAST

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  • F.A.S.T. Warning signs: F- Face drooping, A- Arm weakness, S- Speech difficulty, and T – the importance of calling 9-1-1 in a timely manner.During today’s breakout session, we will be reviewing what a stroke is, how you can spot one F.A.S.T., and why it is important to spot a stroke quickly in a stroke emergency. We will also be doing a mini-simulation at the end of the session, so please save your rolls (or other food item as appropriate) until the end of the
  • Source: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/Impact-of-Stroke-Stroke-statistics_UCM_310728_Article.jsp
  • Source: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/Impact-of-Stroke-Stroke-statistics_UCM_310728_Article.jsp
  • Source: AHA/ASA Warning Signs Research, Dec. 2011.Yet, ironically, stroke can be prevented in 80% of all cases. Source: Chiuve, Stephanie E. et al. Primary Prevention of Stroke by Healthy Lifestyle. Circulation. 2008;118:947-954.
  • Yet, ironically, stroke can be prevented in 80% of all cases. Source: Chiuve, Stephanie E. et al. Primary Prevention of Stroke by Healthy Lifestyle. Circulation. 2008;118:947-954.
  • And of course, we have our televisions spots. Let’s please take a moment to view our 60 second Body Language spot.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wH7k5CFp4hI&feature=youtu.be
  • When you have a stroke, the tissue starts to die in the area of the brain where the stroke occurred because it is no longer getting the oxygen it needs. This makes it critical to get to a hospital where they can diagnose and administer life-saving treatments as fast as possible – every second counts!
  • Strokes happen in two ways. A blood vessel can get clogged by a clot or other particle. This is called an ischemic stroke. It’s the most common type of stroke. Sometimes a weakened blood vessel bursts and bleeds into the brain. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke.Sometimes a TIA or transient ischemic attack occurs, also known as a "warning stroke" or "mini-stroke" that produces stroke-like symptoms. TIA symptoms usually only last a few minutes but, if left untreated, people who have TIAs have a high risk of stroke. Recognizing and treating TIAs can reduce the risk of a major stroke.
  • When you have a stroke, the tissue starts to die in the area of the brain where the stroke occurred because it is no longer getting the oxygen it needs. This makes it critical to get to a hospital where they can diagnose and administer life-saving treatments as fast as possible – every second counts!
  • For more information on FAST, go to strokeassociation.org/warningsigns. Additionally, we are soon launching a new FAST mobile application.

FAST Stroke Presentation FAST Stroke Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • SPOT A STROKE. SAVE A LIFE. 1
  • About 795,000 Americans eachyear suffer a new or recurrent stroke. 2
  • Stroke is theNo. 4 cause ofdeath in the U.S. 3
  • 37% of allAmericans cannotaccurately identifyeven one warning sign for stroke. 4
  • Being ready for a stroke, it can save a life. Possibly yours. 5
  • SPOT A STROKE 6
  • WHAT IS A STROKE?• Stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain.• A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures).• When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it and brain cells die. 7
  • ABOUT STROKES• Strokes can be ischemic (a blockage, 87%) or hemorrhagic (a bleed, 13%).• Sometimes a TIA or transient ischemic attack occurs, also known as a "warning stroke" or "mini-stroke" that produces stroke-like symptoms. If this occurs, call 9-1-1. A TIA is a medical emergency! 8
  • YOU CAN SPOT A STROKE F.A.S.T.• F.A.S.T. is an easy way to remember the sudden signs of a stroke.• When you can spot the signs, youll know quickly that you need to call 9-1-1 for help. 9
  • F.A.S.T. IS• Face Drooping Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile.• Arm Weakness Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?• Speech Difficulty Is speech slurred, are they unable to speak, or are they hard to understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, like "the sky is blue." Is the sentence repeated correctly?• Time to call 911 If the person shows any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms go away, call 9-1-1 and get them to the hospital immediately. 10
  • OTHER SYMPTOMS YOU SHOULD LOOK OUT FOR• Sudden numbness or weakness of the leg• Sudden confusion or trouble understanding• Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes• Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination• Sudden severe headache with no known cause 11
  • WHAT TO DO IF YOU THINK SOMEONE IS HAVINGA STROKE• Immediately call 9-1-1 or the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) number.• Check the time so youll know when the first symptoms appeared. 12
  • WHY SPOTING A STROKE IS IMPORTANT• The sooner a stroke victim gets to the hospital, the sooner theyll get life saving treatment.• A clot-busting drug called tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may improve the chances of getting better but only if you get them help right away. 13
  • ADDITIONAL WARNING SIGNS RESOURCES• Strokeassociation.org/WarningSigns – Information on the signs of a stroke – F.A.S.T. Mobile Application—launching in February 2013 14
  • StrokeAssociation.org/WarningSigns 15