Diabetes

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Diabetes

  1. 1. By: DesiRhea Odom Emerald Morris & Kwaku Ofori-Marfoh Diabetes
  2. 2. Main Types of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><li>- diagnosed to children and young adults (previously known as juvenile diabetes) </li></ul><ul><li>- does not produce insulin </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li>- produce little to no insulin </li></ul><ul><li>- said to be controlled with a good diet and exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>- over the age 40 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms of Diabetes <ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Increased fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Blurry vision </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes <ul><li>Drugs, Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Diet </li></ul><ul><li>Virus infections </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Stress </li></ul>-Just to name a few-
  5. 5. Glucose to the cell <ul><li>Glucose is absorbed by the cell and is taken to the mitochondria and the is turned into ATP (Adenosine Tri-phosphate) for cell use. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Normal person vs. Diabetic person <ul><li>Normal- Can produce enough insulin, </li></ul><ul><li>can take in a lot of foods with sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic- Can’t produce enough insulin so they need an insulin shot. They need special sweeteners. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transportation of Glucose <ul><li>Glucose ( is transported to cells throughout the body by blood.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Role of Insulin <ul><li>Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to lower the level of sugar in the blood. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Importance of Glucose <ul><li>Glucose is needed for the body to be able to use energy. It comes from the carbohydrates in the foods we eat and is then converted in to ATP (Adenosine Tri-phosphate) by the mitochondrion in the cell. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment of Diabetes <ul><li>The major goal in treating diabetes is to minimize any elevation of blood sugar (glucose) without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><li>is treated with insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet . </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Is treated with weight reduction, a diabetic diet, and exercise. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention of diabetes <ul><li>Managing your insulin (controlling sugar sources) </li></ul><ul><li>Eating small portions instead of &quot;filling up&quot; at meals </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping your body fat percentage down (obesity is a high risk factor) </li></ul>
  12. 12. References and Resources <ul><li>Google Images </li></ul><ul><li>Google Web </li></ul><ul><li>www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes-prevention/DA00127 - 29k - </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.answers.com/topic/diabetic-ketoacidosis-diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>http://chinese-school.netfirms.com/diabetes-prevention.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://chinese-school.netfirms.com/diabetes-mellitus-type-1.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_treatment/article.htm </li></ul>

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