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ICSF Newsletter

  1. 1. speak climate up with no limitICSF Newsletter | 2012SPARKLINGATNIGHTEarth Hour Bogor 2012Featuring: Mark TERRY | Documentary FilmmakerIndonesian Climate Student Forum
  2. 2. ContentADVISORS PerdinanAchmad FaqihEDITOR Hijjaz SutriadiCONTRIBUTINGWRITERSFauziah NurNyayu Fatimah ZahrohHijjaz SutriadiAnnisa NoyaraAhmad SururiPHOTOGRAPHY Agung SudomoNofriyadi WidodoNyayu Fatimah ZahrohIndonesian Climate Student ForumDepartemen Geofisika dan MeteorologiKampus IPB DramagaGedung FMIPA Wing 19 Level 4Jalan Meranti BogorIndonesia 16680E-mail : icsfmail@gmail.comBlog : http://icsf.wordpress.com@ICSFun3 Special ReportEarth Hour Bogor 20124 ActivityPendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan Hidup (PILH)Climate and Environmental Education5 Biomass EnergyInnovative and Renewable6 FeatureMark TERRY: Documentary Film Maker8 GeothermalAn Asset for Indonesia9 MicroHydro PowerTurning On Indonesia even Further
  3. 3. EarthHOURpecial Report EH Bogor 2012SGRAHA WIDYA WISUDA (GWW)parking area of Bogor Agricultural Universitywas once simmered amid cooling night. Aflock of dazzling candles turned on the dark.PHOTOGRAPHS BY AGUNG SUDOMOHEAD OF EVENT ORGANIZER : ACHMAD SURURIREPORT BY HIJJAZ SUTRIADI60MINUTES long the candles flick to keep the night alive. It islightened up just the clock fits a half to nine. All participants outof the blue to keep silent for some minutes until performancesstart to show respectively. However the dark is just around, wehave to wait until 9.30 Western Indonesian Time (GMT+7).It has been an hour or sixty min-utes, the electric powered lampssoon spread the flashing light. Oureyes just need some minutes to ad-just the brightness as pupils tightenwhile white light of street lamps in-tensely shoot. Parking area of GrahaWidya Wisuda (GWW) immediatelygets full of thirsty power of flash.People around become obvious rightnow, at least their face are surelyidentified. The event has not finishedyet though.Achmad Sururi (Ruri) who turnsout member of ICSF as well gives aspeech of appreciation for all peoplewho come tonight. For the reason heis in charge whose owing a song ifonly Earth Hour Bogor 2012successfully counts more than 500subscribers to vote online supportingthe event. Out of his prediction, itcounts even more. Thus he is oncescrewed by participant there to sing.“Stand Up for Love” by Beyonce hecovers to amuse the crowd there. Itsigns officially putting Bogor on among26 cities in Indonesia who participatein Earth Hour worldwide on March 31st2012.More than merely an euphoria,Ruri together with team have a greatmission to get people involved in anhour contemplation of our earth and itsenergy. The gorgeous support comesfrom Mayor of Bogor along with or-ganization, institution, youth group,community, and not to missingBogor Agricultural University(IPB) for its eager students toorganize EH Bogor 2012 success-fully done.Saving Energy is the themeof the year focus. He voices towisely use energy starting fromthe simple one, turning off ourroom lamp if we are either sleep-ing at night or out of the bed-room. Sometimes we might ig-nore a little thing yet it dealsgreat thing.3CliMate Newsletter
  4. 4. ctivityAPendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan HidupClimate and Environmental Education“ We can not teach people anything, weonly can help to discover within themselves”(Gallileo Galilei)ICSF (Indonesian Climate Student Forum)tackles initiative since as early as it’sformed to put education as major tool topromote idea and knowledge on field ofenvironment and climate as well as agri-culture. Moreover, experience sharingtakes its place as it is emphasizedthrough practical way. Thus PILH(Pendidikan Iklim dan Lingkungan Hidup:id) or literally turns out Climate and Envi-ronmental Education has been running torealize trigger member’s dedication asresponsibility to spread beneficial experi-ence and knowledge to younger stagedecently.PILH on the second turn started to con-duct the program on September 2011which involves keen student whose mis-sion is the same. Most of volunteers arefrom Major of Applied Meteorology, Fac-ulty of Natural Science, Bogor AgriculturalUniversity to make cooperation with des-ignated rural elementary schools in Dra-maga, Bogor, West Java. Some threeelementary schools welcome volunteersuch as SDN 1, SDN3, and SDN 4Dramaga to give opportunity to under-graduate student sharing their basicand related science in particular justifiedcurricula specializing to elementary stu-dent.The program conducted once every twoweeks on Saturday. Volunteer visitthese three schools respectively afterone’s turn in which an hour given foreach school though it’s brief. It’s startedfrom 09.00 am to 10.00 am PILH begunat SDN 4 Dramaga subsequently volun-teer commute to SDN 1 Dramagaaround a hundred meters away from11.00 am until 12 at noon. Subjectgiven at every single time the two-weekly program is the same for eachschool. And so does SDN 3 Dramaga tobe visited right two hour after the previ-ous school’s turn. It’s started 2 pm until3 pm volunteer appear to meet youngcurious student whose passion in funlearning is immense. Though the timeseems tight but the meeting is alwaysfruitful. (Continue to Page 9)4 CliMate Newsletter
  5. 5. oil importer(Suara Merdeka October23rd, 2008).New energyalternatives and innovativesolution are needed toovercome these problems.The new energy isexpected to be asustainable energy(renewable) so as tooptimize the effort to fulfilla domestic fuel. Inaddition to solution-based,innovative, and renewableenergy sources are alsobeing pursued is asynergistic energy with theenvironment (no pollutionfrom combustionemissions). This is veryreasonable,theproliferation of climatechange and globalwarming likely spread inrecent years. In addition,harmful to the health ofliving things, the burningof fossil fuels could lead toexplosion number of CO2molecules that has animpact on global warming.One of renewableenergy is biomassenergy. It can be derivedfrom organic materialssuch as plantation or farm,forest, or even waste, bothdomestic waste andagriculturalwaste. Biomass can beused to direct energysource and convert it intofuel. The use of biomassLimited amount of fossilfuels besides the growingneed is a serious problemfaced by most developingcountries in recentyears. Increased use ofgasoline-fueled vehiclesbecome the basis of thescarcity of energy from yearto year. It fairly occurs inIndonesia, which is actuallya developing country withthe increasing of motorcycleand car is just around. Nodoubt the energy crisis is amajor issue that has yet tobe solved by this country.According to statisticaldata from IndonesianNational Police (2009), thenumber of motorcycle inIndonesia amounted to30,706,705 in 2005,38,156,278 in 2006,45,678,990 in 2007, 56.8887million in 2008, and up to61,956,009 vehicles in2009. This growth hascaused the use of petroleumfuel increasesrapidly. According to theMinistry of Energy andMineral Resources (2009),the fuel energy reserves thatexist today can not beexpected for a long time.Predicted in 2012, theimports of oil fuel (BBM) ofIndonesia will increase toabout 60% - 70% ofdomestic demand. Thiscertainly would makeIndonesia as Asias largestas an energy source will notproduce carbondioxide (CO2)by the gas used for theformation of biomassitself. The results of theconversion of biomass couldbe biogas, ethanol gel,biodiesel, coal and soforth. For the future,bioethanol and biodiesel gelis expected to shift theposition of the fuel in movingvehicles.Bioethanol can bedeveloped from the gel-based starch orlignocellulosic biomass.However, starch-basedbiomass are generally usedas food, so its use as analternative energy willworsen food security. This iscertainly contrary to thevision of ourgovernment. Therefore, theutilization of lignocellulose-based biomass should bedeveloped. Sort oflignocellulosic biomass issuch based on cobs, wood,seagrass, and bananaweevil.Biomass Energy: Innovativeand RenewableSpecial points ofinterest:Fossil fuels is limited while theneed is growingNew energy alternatives andinnovative solution-is neededBiomass energy can be derivedfrom organic materialsThe use of biomass as anenergy source will nothugely producecarbondioxide (CO2)library.thinkquest.orgMotorcycle Growth in IndonesiaSOURCE :INDONESIAN NATIONAL POLICEBy FAUZIAH NURGreen Energy0102030405060702005 2006 2007 2008 2009million5CliMate Newsletter
  6. 6. MarkTERRY eaturePhoto: IMDBA documentary filmmaker focusing on reportingon new climate research.During the last two Framework Conventions onClimate Change, held in Copenhagen and Cancun,Terry was invited by the United Nations Environ-ment Programme (UNEP) to bring his latest filmsto screen to world leaders attending these confer-ences.The two films – The Antarctica Challenge: AGlobal Warning and The Polar Explorer – re-ported the latest climate research being done atthe polar regions by the world’s scientific commu-nity.Knowing him out on IMDBhttp://www.imdb.com/name/nm0856040/Terry’s Project on Youth Climate Report can beaccessed onhttp://www.youthclimatereport.org“Today’s youth is a dynamic force internationally. Their pas-sion for pursuing solutions to our environmental problemsknows no bounds. We have had enthusiastic responses fromgroups of young people at conferences, film festivals, schoolsand universities throughout the world. Several organizationsare forming quickly focused on youth involvement in climateliteracy and action. We at the Youth Climate Project find thisvery encouraging for our work as well as for the world”What do you think about youth involvement and their action inclimate change currently?How important their action influence other people?“Without the socio-political limits generally associated withadult action, young people have more freedom and desire tobe heard and to act. The events they stage are often well-attended by their peers and the media. As a result, theirvoices are heard often more loudly than adult programs.Their focus is also unimpeded by the distractions of adult life(career, family, finances, etc.) giving them a relentless pas-sion for solving the world’s climate crises.”(Continue to Page 7)6 CliMate NewsletterBACKGROUND IMAGE : YOUTH CLIMATE REPORTthe mid of his bustling time, Mark TERRYonce welcomed to be cyber interviewed forhis view since bunch of experience in environmentalaction is his. Hijjaz Sutriadi captures his opinion onanswers of proposed inquiries.InF
  7. 7. Clearly, a renewed protocol or new document altogetherneeds to be in place by this deadline. I am convinced thatthe annual amendments made to it these past 16 years showa desire from the world to create a globally realistic workingdocument that takes into account not just environmentalsolutions, but also the economic concerns of implementingthem. It will also provide an excellent opportunity to reviewthe thresholds and deadlines for specific actions included inthe Protocol to see where we stand today and what furtherextensions of these resolutions will be required.”While a devoted group of people in Indonesia are workinghard with organizations like the World Wildlife Fund andGreenpeace, the large and financially strong palm oil industryare making these efforts difficult. Unsustainable practices onthe part of this industry to harvest palm oil are causing massdeforestation and fatal habitat consequences on endangeredspecies throughout Indonesia. This has a negative impact onglobal and local efforts to reduce carbon emissions. In thisregard, you have an uphill battle to fight, but oppositionmust continue. Indonesia’s own emission reduction targetsare very laudable. In 2009, your president Susilo BambangYudhoyono announced at the G20 Major Economies Summitin Pittsburgh that by 2020 Indonesia would unilaterally re-duce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26 per cent,and by as much as 41 per cent with internationalsupport. As about 80 per cent of Indonesian emis-sions are a result of the deforestation I men-tioned earlier, this is where Indonesia needs tocut emissions to achieve the target. In May 2010,Indonesia signed a Letter of Intent with Norwayto undertake measures to reduce its emissionsfrom deforestation and forest degradation. Underthe agreement, Norway will provide one billion dollarsover five years to assist efforts to reduce emissions, includinga two-year moratorium on granting new forest conversionpermits. Yes! This is exactly the kind of action required andkudos to Norway for helping out. In May 2011, PresidentYudhoyono announced a two-year moratorium on the issuingof new licenses for development in primary forests and peatlands. You have a strong president who is doing what needsto be done for your country and the world when so manyother politicians often fall on the side of affluent industrieswho make substantial political contributions. Again, as I saidbefore with your own youth project, keep up the good work!”What is your opinion about Kyoto Protocol which will beexpired at then 2012?What do you think about Indonesias effort to decrease itsemission?2009INDONESIA timeline toward carbon emission reduce | …..•••2010Letter of Intent202026%7CliMate NewsletterBACKGROUND IMAGE : DANAU LSI IPB
  8. 8. on fossil fuel, in the mean time itwill reduce carbon emissions thatcan lead to increased greenhouseeffect and temperature at theearths surface. When the scientistsdevelop a technology for utilizationof geothermal, with proud we candevelop geothermal energyindependently and serving moreenergy for people.By NYAYU FATIMAH ZAHROHIndonesia is acountry that rich inits energy sources bothrenewable and nonrenewable.However, non-renewable energybecomes obsolete meanwhiledeveloped countries began tolook for a solution how to keeprenewable energy to replace non-renewable energy. Geothermalenergy is one of solution of theenergy conversion.This geothermal energy, includingrenewable energy because of thegeothermal fluid can be utilizedafter reinjected into the soil.More than 265 geothermal fieldsspread across Java, Sumatera,Celebes, Bali, Maluku, NTT, andsome in Borneo. This advantageis caused by Indonesia geographycrossed by the Pacific ring orcircle pacific volcano and has 129active volcanoes. Ring of fire isformed upon the collisionbetween tectonic plates. Forinstance, Indonesia island whichis formed as result ofinteraction of three platessuch the Pacific Plate, India-Australia Plate and theEurasian Plate.Potential of geothermalenergy in Indonesia is soabundant, estimated28,000 megawatts ofenergy produced orapproximately equal to light 28million homes on the islands.However, there has not been yetmuch energy to be utilized , sinceonly about 4% of the energy takesthe portion. We arestill using non-renewable energywhich is not fairlyenvironmentallyfriendly such as coal,petroleum and otherfossil fuels. In fact wehave to face increasingdemand long termusing of energy,meanwhile it justalways likely dwindles.Geothermal energydevelopment shouldbe supported by allparties, bothgovernment andcitizens due to its roleis very promising as asupplier of electricityto areas that are notpowered. By this, wewill not fully dependeothermal: An Assetfor IndonesiaSOURCE: Chevron Crop; Geothermal Education Office; USGSSOURCE: World Geothermal Congress 2010. Bali“Indonesia is home ofgeothermal energy potentialwhich occupies about 40%that of the world”Earth EnergyG8 CliMate Newsletter
  9. 9. Micro hydro electric power recently became a hot talking after a news released informing that Indonesian National Electricity or PLNplanning to build149 micro hydro power plants. This investment costs amount US$ 2.500 kWH. "149 projects has been alreadysubmitted, now ongoing process, reconstruction, some other numbers are going to submit to Ministry of Energy and MineralResources" said Nur Pamudji, Chief Director of PLN at the MoU signing event with PIP (Government Invention Center) at PIP’s headoffice, Jakarta, Wednesday (16/5). PIP had already stated that they willing to support this project by preparing Rp 3,4 trillion fund.Those huge amount of money was intentionally prepared for supporting this so-called electricity power with renewable energy.For a long time micro hydro also known as ‘white resources’, as said sobecause this kind of installation using the resources that already avail-able in nature. The fact that nature have big rivers, streams, waterfalls,and many other features which flow support this simple technology tomake full of using how this water flows from high to lower place and canbe converted into electrical energy.Those explanations above make micro hydro actually belong to thehydro-power-plant group. What differ between micro hydro power tocommonly heard PLTA (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air) is the poweroutput that produced. A micro hydro power produce less than 100 Wand a micro hydro can produce up to 10.000 W. A reguler PLTA will haveabove that number. But then, micro hydro is easier to be cultivated since it acquires less expense, less investation and operationalfund, and even nowadays the government support the development of renewable energyTurning On Indonesia Even FurtherMicroHydro PowerBy Annisa Noyara RahmasariClimate and Environmental EducationInvolving VolunteersAnnisa Noyara R.Dissa NatriaSanti AgustinaWengky AryandoFauziah NurNyayu Fatimah ZahrohRosalinaSri Mani P.Hijjaz SutriadiNofriyadi WidodoHanifah NurhayatiSarah PurnamawatiDoddi WijayaKho Di DzzaAchmad SururiArridha KomejiPipit Putri AjiYadistika Eka PutriKhariza Dwi SeprianiDewa AdhyatamaHermin Rahayu P.Shailla Rustiana7CliMate NewsletterDonate ?Contact Us :icsfmail@gmail.com
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