LOTF2011 | Maurits Barendrecht, Innovating Justice

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Law of the Future 2011
23 & 24 June 2011, Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands

title:
Justice sector innovators: We better reward them!
By Maurits Barendrecht, Innovating Justice

www.lawofthefuture.org

Published in: News & Politics, Education
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LOTF2011 | Maurits Barendrecht, Innovating Justice

  1. 1. Justice Sector Innovators: We Better Reward Them! Maurits Barendrecht Tilburg Institute for the Interdisciplinary Studies of Civil Law and Conflict Resolution Systems (TISCO) 2011 Rule of Law Chair at Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HiiL)
  2. 2. Law of the future …. <ul><li>Diverging views, rules and </li></ul><ul><li>interests; decentralised and pluralistic </li></ul><ul><li>legal ordering (Rosenfeld and others), </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe even striving for Confucian </li></ul><ul><li>harmony (Peerenboom) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scenario’s provide visions … <ul><li>Strengthening the plurality of local, city-level, national, international, public, private, formal and informal mechanisms for accountability (Nelken, Amstutz, Auby, Catá Backer many others) </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction between law and other trust-building mechanisms and social entrepreneurship (Smits, Timmerman) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Thinkers identify challenges … <ul><li>Balancing temptation to manipulate international rules (Pogge) </li></ul><ul><li>Less costly and more timely procedures (Hensler) </li></ul><ul><li>Applying law we do not completely understand (Gordley) even if different disciplines are involved Larouche) </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement (Sluiter, many others) </li></ul><ul><li>Better sanctions/corrections (Rocha Machado) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rule of law Innovators <ul><li>Modern Investigative Techniques | Karen Tse, Founder and CEO International Bridges to Justice LawGuru.com | Bahman Eslamboly, President LawGuru Programa Interamericano de Facilitadores Judiciales | Pedro Vuskovic Céspedes Coordinator of the Inter-American Program of Judicial Facilitators Organization of American States The eBay/PayPal Resolution Center | Colin Rule, CEO Modria.com I Paid A Bribe | Ramesh Ramanathan, Co-founder Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy E-Court, the first online private court | Henriette Nakad, Founder E-Court Foundation Weagree | Willem Wiggers, Founder Weagree B.V. The IMI Inter-Cultural Mediator Competency Certification | Inter-Cultural Taskforce, IMI Use of Medical Experts to Secure Release from Pretrial Detention in Russia | Dmitry Dinze, Humanitarian Action </li></ul>
  6. 6. Modern Investigative Techniques Training for Public Security Bureau (PSB) Officers in China <ul><li>Karen Tse </li></ul><ul><li>Founder and CEO International Bridges to Justice </li></ul>
  7. 7. LawGuru.com Bahman Eslamboly President LawGuru
  8. 8. Service of Judicial Facilitators Pedro Vuskovic Céspedes Coordinator of the Inter-American Program of Judicial Facilitators Organization of American States
  9. 9. Service of Judicial Facilitators Pedro Vuskovic Céspedes Coordinator of the Inter-American Program of Judicial Facilitators Organization of American States
  10. 10. Innovating justice <ul><li>Launched in July 2009, collaborative effort: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hague Institute for the Internationalisation of Law (HiiL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microjustice Initiative (MJI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Academy for Law and Legislation (EALL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center for International Legal Cooperation (CILC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tilburg Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies of Civil Law and Conflict Resolution Systems (TISCO) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovating Justice is supported by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of The Hague </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. The eBay/PayPal Resolution Center Colin Rule CEO Modria.com
  12. 14. I Paid A Bribe Ramesh Ramanathan Co-founder Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy
  13. 16. E-Court Henriette Nakad Founder E-Court Foundation
  14. 18. The Hard Work Innovators Do <ul><li>Innovation Model: What Makes Justice Sector Innovation Happen? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determinants Innovation in Public Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Literature Quality and Efficiency in Justice Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= Hypothesis About Factors that Enhance Innovation in Justice Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insights about what works to innovate in the justice sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test with data about 50 successful justice innovations from 16 item questionnaire </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Innovation Literature <ul><li>Life for innovators is very complex! </li></ul><ul><li>Many factors contribute to innovation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40 determinants of succesful product innovation (meta-analytic review 108 articles, Becheikh et al. 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>27 factors associated to successful public sector innovation </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. Version 1.5: Preview of Results <ul><li>Literature review public sector innovation + justice sector reform </li></ul><ul><li>9 innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Third party dispute resolution/accountability is focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts and other third parties provide shadow of law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costly procedures = costly legal services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived lack of innovation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. 27 Factors That Foster Innovation <ul><li>… according to the innovation literature </li></ul><ul><li>Our innovators had to do many of these things very well! </li></ul><ul><li>As we will see: Innovation is 1% inspiration and 99% transpiration </li></ul>
  18. 22. Weagree Willem Wiggers Founder Weagree B.V.
  19. 23. A. Generating Possibilities <ul><li>Vision and commitment from government </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on users, frontline staff and middle managers </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning of horizons and margins: a process need </li></ul><ul><li>Developing capacity for creative thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Working backwards from outcome goals: terms of reference </li></ul><ul><li>Creating time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Allow breaking the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Competition: the submission problem and regulation of legal services </li></ul>
  20. 24. Justice Sector Analysis <ul><li>Sarat and Grossman 1975: Problems in Mobilization of Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>Susskind 2008 The End of Lawyers: Predicting commoditization </li></ul><ul><li>Hadfield 2008: Regulation of profession blocks innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Botero et al. 2003 and Cabrillo et al. 2008: Insufficient incentives on courts to offer better services </li></ul><ul><li>Carothers 2006 and Fukuyama 2011: Rule of law and accountability very hard to implement </li></ul>
  21. 25. The IMI Inter-Cultural Mediator Competency Certification Inter-Cultural Taskforce, IMI Inter-Cultural Taskforce of the IMI Independent Standards Commission (ISC), International Mediation Institute (IMI)
  22. 26. B. Developing Innovations <ul><li>Appropriate selection of fruitful ideas: simplifying procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering innovation champions </li></ul><ul><li>Creating incubating space </li></ul><ul><li>Involving incubators and public-private partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Better funding for early development </li></ul><ul><li>Involving end users at all stages </li></ul>
  23. 27. Use of Medical Experts to Secure Release from Pretrial Detention in Russia Dmitry Dinze Humanitarian Action
  24. 28. C. Replicating and Scaling Up <ul><li>Improved incentives for individuals and teams </li></ul><ul><li>Improved incentives for organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up and disruptive innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Specialize and beware of early standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Change management </li></ul>
  25. 29. D. Analyzing and Learning <ul><li>Metrics for success </li></ul><ul><li>Real time learning </li></ul><ul><li>Peer and user involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Double loop learning </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of perspectives </li></ul>
  26. 30. Innovators in Justice Sector <ul><li>Have to work on many factors, probably 27 of them </li></ul><ul><li>Are essential for serving legal needs, for making the system work and for building the law of the future </li></ul><ul><li>Deserve our deep respect </li></ul><ul><li>Need our support </li></ul>
  27. 31. Rule of law Innovators <ul><li>Modern Investigative Techniques | Karen Tse, Founder and CEO International Bridges to Justice LawGuru.com | Bahman Eslamboly, President LawGuru Programa Interamericano de Facilitadores Judiciales | Pedro Vuskovic Céspedes Coordinator of the Inter-American Program of Judicial Facilitators Organization of American States The eBay/PayPal Resolution Center | Colin Rule, CEO Modria.com I Paid A Bribe | Ramesh Ramanathan, Co-founder Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship and Democracy E-Court, the first online private court | Henriette Nakad, Founder E-Court Foundation Weagree | Willem Wiggers, Founder Weagree B.V. The IMI Inter-Cultural Mediator Competency Certification | Inter-Cultural Taskforce, IMI Use of Medical Experts to Secure Release from Pretrial Detention in Russia | Dmitry Dinze, Humanitarian Action </li></ul>
  28. 32. Innovating Justice Awards <ul><li>Highlight successful innovations in the justice sector </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Law professionals can identify most promising developments </li></ul><ul><li>Innovators motivated to improve and apply innovations across borders </li></ul><ul><li>Nominees and applicants for Innovating Justice Awards will be able to share their setbacks, successes and best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Develop further with the help of the community, experts and InnovationLab services </li></ul><ul><li>Help financiers to find+fund most promising Innovations </li></ul>
  29. 33. Innovating Justice Awards 2012 <ul><li>Your input?  we will take the liberty to email you later: </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know a Successful Innovation? </li></ul><ul><li>Have an Innovative Idea? </li></ul><ul><li>See an important Challenge? </li></ul><ul><li>The 2011 nominations help to describe what we are searching for </li></ul>
  30. 34. Innovating Justice Awards 2011 <ul><li>The Jury: </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Hassane Cisse, Deputy General Counsel, Knowledge and Research World Bank Group </li></ul><ul><li>Gabriela Knaul , United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Veronica Taylor, Director Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University </li></ul><ul><li>Rankings counted together: </li></ul><ul><li>Rank by number of votes </li></ul><ul><li>Rank by points given by each jury member for the answers to all 16 questions of the Innovation Model </li></ul><ul><li>Rank from each member of the jury </li></ul>
  31. 35. Winner announcement by <ul><li>Mr. Hassane Cisse , </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy General Counsel, Knowledge and Research World Bank Group </li></ul><ul><li>Chair of the Innovating Justice Awards Jury </li></ul>
  32. 36. The Finalists <ul><li>Service of Judicial Facilitators </li></ul><ul><li>6261 votes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>E-Court </li></ul><ul><li>5582 votes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Medical Experts to Secure Release from Pretrial Detention in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>346 votes </li></ul><ul><li>Total of votes given 13016 </li></ul>
  33. 37. The Winner is…
  34. 38. The Winner is…
  35. 39. The Winner is…
  36. 40. The Winner is…
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