• To the Aztec, religion was very important.
• We have recently found an Aztec temple buried
under a Spanish cathedral in Mexico City.
• The Aztec sacrificed twenty-thousand to fifty-
thousand people to the gods yearly.
• They had many different gods for every day
• The Aztec had a religious calendar too.
• The Aztec’s main god was the sun god Huitzilopochtli.
• We know of him through sculptures and glyphs that were
telling about him.
• They believed that he carried the sun every morning.
They thought that he needed strength to carry the sun.
• They mainly sacrificed soldiers for him because they
thought he needed strong souls.
• They sacrificed people for him by putting them on a flat
rock then cutting their heart out. Finally they let the
dead body roll down the steps. They repeated this
process until the top steps were stained in blood.
• One Aztec god was
• Tlazolteotl was the
mother of gods.
• Another Aztec god
• Tlaloc was the god of
• Coatlicue was the
Aztec god of death.
• Xipe Totec was the
Aztec god of
• One of the Aztec’s great architectural achievements was the great
• Tenochtitlan was built on an island.
• It was divided up into five sections.
• The middle section was where religious temples were made.
• The other sections each had a central plaza.
• Nobles lived close to the middle while the normal people lived to
the outside of the plaza.
• Tenochtitlan is present day Mexico City.
• Buried children were recently found while digging a subway
tunnel in Mexico City
• the Aztecs had many different types of
• One type of pyramid was called the double stair
pyramid. The double stair pyramid had two
rows of stairs leading to the top. At the top
there was a temple.
• Normal Aztec pyramids had one set of stairs
leading to the top where there was a temple.
• There were also round pyramids dedicated to
the wind god so they would not act as a barrier
to the wind.
• One of the Aztecs main sports was called
• The field they played on was shaped as an H.
• The goal of the game was to get a eight –ten
pound rubber ball through a stone hoop on the
• The game was made harder by the fact that you
could only use your hands and hips.
• There are remains of these ball courts in Aztec
• The husband supported the family while the wife
would provide food and clothing.
• Most men would either be farmers or a craftsman of
• An average house not only had one family but a lot of
their relatives too.
• Everyone had to do some kind of work.
• The father had to teach his boys as well.
• Girls learned household skills.
• We know about Aztec daily life from surviving painted
books, ruins, and written accounts.
• The Aztec government was almost only the
• The emperor was supposed to run by old
• In the meeting room to one side of the emperor,
sat the generals, to the other side sat his advisers.
• Another very important person was a man called
the Snake Woman. The Snake woman looked
after daily affairs.
• We have found written records supporting these
ideas about the government.
• Mathematics of the Americas
• Encyclopedia Britannica Academic Edition
• Daily life of the Aztecs: people of the sun and earth, by