Spectrum Management in Indonesia


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Talk about spectrum frequency management in Indonesia - Paparan mengenai bagaimana Indonesia memanaje spektrum frekuensi

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Spectrum Management in Indonesia

  2. 2. 2OVERVIEWA. IntroductionB. Spectrum Radio Frequency ManagementC. Policy Planning and Progress ReportD. Spectrum Licensing and UsageE. ProblemsF. Prospect and Future Challenges
  4. 4. 4SPECTRUM RESOURCES S-R as limited natural resources• Each individual or institutions has a right in using S-R comply with the requirement• In specific S-R band, could be used as a valueable economic by the operator such as cellular, TV, radio broadcasting and satellite
  6. 6. 6SPECTRUM RESOURCESMANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES• S-R management is based on comprehensive, systematic and solid regulation• Internationally implemented• Developed in the supra-national regulation• Accomodate future need• Public welfare oriented, based on national need and technology development adoption
  7. 7. 7S-R MANAGE ASA LIMITED RESOURCES S-R as a limited resources should be managed effectively and efficiently, through:A. S-R usage dynamic and adaptive plan with public need and technology developmentB. S-R managed systematically and be supported by S-R informations system that accurate and up to dateC. Control and supervison on the consistency and effectively S-R usageD. Regulation anticipation and a certainty in lawE. Strong S-R institution supported by professional human resources and appropriate S-R information system
  8. 8. S-R MANAGEMENT 8FRAMEWORK• Radio regulations elaborated to national master plan in several radio communictaion services• S-R regulated and allocated by DGPT : – Radio and television broadcasting – Cellular (CDMA, GSM/DCS, 3G) – Radio Trunking – Broadband Wireless Acces and Internet Access – Satellite (C-Band, Extended C-Band, S-Band, L-Band, Ku-Band) – Microwave Link – National defence and navigation – Standardized radio and frequency plan
  9. 9. R Radio Frequency Monitoring System 9Medan Samarinda Cangkudu Merauke Kupang Fixed Monitoring Station LF-HF
  11. 11. 11S-R REGULATION STATUS 3G Frequency management (IMT-2000)  FWA and Cellular 800 MHz  IMT-2000 (1.9/2.1 GHz) Broadband Wireless Access frequency management  BWA 2.3 GHz  BWA other than 2.3 GHz Broadcasting frequency Management  Analog: Radio (AM/FM) and television broadcasting  Digitallization National defence frequency management Satellite licensing regulation
  12. 12. 3G Licensing Process (1)2003 CAC Was Given 3G License through tender2004 NTS received 3G frequency through evaluationJan 2005 Government plan to re-arrangement of 1.9/ 2.1 GHz, to avoid non- efficiency and follow ITU-R M1036-2, through Public ConsultationJuly 2005 Workshop re-arrangement of 1.9 / 2.1 GHz and to conduct 3G selectionJuly – August A list of questionnaires put in web, 78 responders2005 received
  13. 13. 3G Licensing Process (2)End of August 2005 Government announcement on the policy of re – arrangement and the selection of 3G OperatorsJan 2006 – Feb 2006 - Selection through pre-qualification and auction - 3 blocks of 2x5 MHz will be auctioned to all mobile and FWA - Auctions by two rounds with sealed envelope - Basic reserved price being Rp 100 billions per block RESULTS :  7 operators registered  5 submitted the pre-qualification bid  5 bid for first round and second round selection The Winner :7-8 Feb 2006 TELKOMSEL bid for Rp 212 billions; EXCELCOMINDO for Rp 188 Billions; And INDOSAT bid for Rp 160 Billions **CAC and NTS agreed to pay the lowest bid.Consequences : Up front fee paid = twice the bidAnnual fee = as the lowest bid= paid progressively 20%, 40%,60%,80%,100%,130%..130%Amount proceed for Government from the three operators :Already paid (2006 )the sum of Rp 1322 billionsFor the license year - 10 Years Rp 6032 billion
  14. 14. 2nd and 3rd Carrier for 3G Most subcribers get the broadband from the mobile  The subcribers increase drastically  I-Phone and Blackberry push the traffic of broadband  Users habit, always connected to the social networking site  Facebook fenomena  Blackberry user increase 454% on 2007-2008, 366 % the year before Operator feels that the 5Mhz is not enough to give good quality 3G services, so operator ask for another 5 MHz, and regulator offer to the all operator for up front fee and annual fee with the lowest bid in 2006 Only 2 (two) operator agree with regulator offering and already allocated for the 2nd carrier in mid September 2009 XL Axiata Got another 5 MHz on 2010 NTS and HCPT are asking for 2nd carrier, Telkomsel and XL Axiata are asking for 3rd carrier
  15. 15. BWA Licensing Process (1)Feb 2006 Government plan to make BWA policy25 April 2006 Workshop on BWA with speakers from Regulator, major player, industry ASSI, APJII, ATSI, Vendor, Chip manufactures26 April – Questionnaires are put in Web for public25 May 2006 responds 28 responses receivedJuly 2006 Draft Policy on BWA will be put in the WebAugust 2006 Government plan to announce BWA- WiMAX- Policy
  16. 16. BWA Licensing Process (2)January 2009 Established Policy and Regulation of Broadband Wireless AccessJuly 2009 Spectrum Auction for BWA in 2,3 GHz for 15 Zones, each zone consist of 2 x 15 MHz Three round ascending simultaneous bid in e- auction. 8 operator be winner for all zones with total price is around USD 46 Million (up front fee)
  17. 17. SPECTRUM FEE For IMT-2000 2.1 GHz and BWA 2.3 GHz based on auction result, other based on TRx based Regarding Ministerial Decree No. 17/2005, existing assigned frequency band must be adjust from TRx based to bandwidth based starting December 2010 for simplification spectrum fee administrative and calculation Fixed Wireless Access with Limited Mobility following unified access licensing will be changed to full mobility
  19. 19. 19LICENSING PROCEDURES2. S-R USAGE – Based on radio station – Bandwidth3. License coverage4. Condition5. PROSEDURE6. LICENSING MECHANISM7. UTILIZATION RIGHT FEE8. S-R USAGE DATA
  20. 20. RADIO STATION LICENSE – DGPT DATA BASE 20 No. Jenis Layanan (Service) Persen 1 Broadcast 0.924% 2 Land Mobile (private) 24.190% 3 Land Mobile (public) 22.250% 4 Satellite 0.384% 5 Fixed Service 52.249% 6 Maritime 0.002% 7 Aeronautical 0.001% TOTAL 100.000%
  21. 21. 21E. PROBLEM
  22. 22. 22SOME ISSUESREGIONAL ISSUE : S-R license is taking over and issueing by local government with Governor/Local Parliament regulation to get local income. Therefore, there are several national inconsistency in using S-R, some collision and interferences.MANAGEMENT INSTITUTION ISSUE• DG has not have enough expert to handle and prepare regulation, to manage S-R following technology develepoment and facing with more S-R need and more complex problems• Limited Human Resources compare with Indonesian population and geographical area must be handled
  24. 24. 24PROSPECT AND FUTURECHALLENGES2. Creating S-R policy to realize Indonesian welfare3. S-R should BE managed by a strong institution, comprehensive, systemathic and profesional Human Resources4. Accomodating future need and technology trend5. Strengthening and harmonizing all S-R policy and regulation between the agencies following their own responsibility and duty
  25. 25. Thank youfor your attention… Heru Sutadi Email: herusutadi@hotmail.com Twitter: @herusutadi Website: www.herusutadi.com