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  1. 1. Scotland
  2. 2. Geography of Scotland• The geography of Scotland is highly varied, from rural lowlands to barren uplands, and from large cities to uninhabited islands. Located in north-west Europe, Scotland comprises the northern one third of the island of Great Britain and over 790 surrounding islands and archipelagoes.
  3. 3. • Scotlands only land border is with England, which runs for 96 kilometres (60 mi) in a northeasterly direction from the Solway Firth in the west to the North Sea on the east coast. Separated by the North Channel, the island of Ireland lies 30 kilometres (20 mi) from the southwest tip of the Scottish mainland.• The Atlantic Ocean, which fringes the coastline of western and northern Scotland and its islands, influences the temperate, maritime climate of the country.
  4. 4. • Landscape • Mountains • Scotlands mountains are• Scotlands landscape contains amongst its most defining dramtic variety, ranging from natural features, particularly towering peaks - including the Munros, the peaks higher the highest mountain in the than 3000 feet (914.4 metres) UK - in the north to lush and which draw walkers and gently undulating countryside climbers from throughout in the south. the UK and Europe.
  5. 5. Loch ness• Loch Nessis a large, deep, freshwater loch in the Scottish Highlands ( 57°18′N 4°27′W / 57.3°N 4.45°W) extending for approximately 37 km(23 miles) southwest of Inverness. Its surface is 15.8 metres (52 ft) above sea level. Loch Ness is best known for the alleged sightings of the legendary Loch Ness Monster, also known as "Nessie".Loch Ness is the second largest Scottish loch by surface area at 56.4 km² (21.8 sq mi) after Loch Lomond, but due to its great depth it isthe largest by volume.
  6. 6. • Whisky Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. In Britain, the term whisky is usually taken to meanScotch unless otherwise specified. In other English- speaking countries, it is often referred to as "Scotch".
  7. 7. • Malting• Malt whisky production begins when the barley is malted—by steeping the barley in water, and then allowing it to get to the point of germination. Malting releases enzymes that break down starches in the grain and help convert them into sugars. When the desired state of germination is reached the malted barley is dried using smoke. Many (but not all) distillers add peat to the fire to give an earthy, peaty flavour to the spirit.
  8. 8. • Bottling• bottles will usually have a label which details the date the whisky was distilled, the date it was bottled, the number of bottles produced, the number of the particular bottle, and the number of the cask which produced the bottles.
  9. 9. Bagpipe• Bagpipes are a class of musical instrument, aerophones using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag. Though the Scottish Great Highland Bagpipe and Irish uilleann pipes have the greatest international visibility, bagpipes have historically been found throughout Europe, and into Northern Africa, the Persian Gulf, and the Caucasus.
  10. 10. • The term is equally correct in the singular or plural, although in the English language, pipers most commonly talk of "pipes.„• Evidence of pre-medieval bagpipes is uncertain, but several textual and visual clues may possibly indicate ancient forms of bagpipes. A Hittite slab dating from about 1,300 BC at Eyuk depicts a possible representation of a bagpipe. Similarly, a possible textual reference to a bagpipe is found in 425 BC, in the play The Acharnians by the Greek playwright Aristophanes:Several hundred years later, Suetonius described the Roman Emperor Nero as a player of the tibia utricularis.[3]. Dio Chrysostom, who also flourished in the first century, wrote about a contemporary sovereign (possibly Nero) who could play a pipe ("aulein") with his mouth as well as with his "armpit". [4] From this account, some believe that the tibia utricularis was a bagpipe.