The Dutch Water sector    TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF      DELTAS, ESTUARIES AND COASTAL ZONESNeder Delta Engineeri...
“LIVING WITH WATER”         ENABELING DELTA LIFE    RIVER & WATER MANAGEMENT        IN THE NETHERLANDS    BASED ON > 400 Y...
DUTCH COAST – NORTH SEA           MAKING USE OF WIND ENERGY “AIR-TRICITY”  3
The Netherlands: what’s in a name?• The Netherlands is built on the delta of four European rivers• 70% of GDP earned on la...
HRH. PRINCE WILLEM ALEXANDER CROWN PRINCE OF THE NETHERLANDSALSO NICKNAMED THE WATER PRINCE IS VERY ACTIVE AND SPECIAL ADV...
TYPICAL DUTCH SOIL    SEA – MARINE CLAY6
Mind over             “AIR-TRICITY”  matter• Windmills: tribute  to an age-old fight• Levees: more than  piles of sand• Re...
Water: a love affair• Water as a source of prosperity  - The first multinational was Dutch  - The Dutch East India Company...
Water: a formidable foe• The St. Elizabeth Flood:  defenseless against nature’s  forces• Zuyderzee Flood leads to large-  ...
LARGE SCALE LAND RECLAMATION                               NETHERLANDS                               LOWLANDS - DELTA 10
TYPICAL DUTCH POLDER LANDSCAPE                              LAND IS BELOW WATER LEVEL     CREATIVE LIVING WITH WATER11
Global water challenges•• Climate change to impact our safety, health and prosperity•• Population growth to pressure urban...
Dutch solutions for  the entire world• The Dutch: the world’s water  trailblazer, we have some of the  world’s leading com...
A holistic approach• Limits of protection: combining  soft measures with hard defenses• Room for Rivers programme• Living ...
TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION RIVER BED15
MONITORED AND WELL MANAGED RIVER DREDGING     Dredging of sediments is an important corrective measure for our rivers16
Dutch expertise: delta technology• Delta project: 16,500 km levees, 1,650 km2 land reclaimed• Amazing engineering structur...
TOERISMSAFE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVING BELOW SEA & RIVER  LEVEL BEHIND THE DIKES & WATER DEFENCES18
Dutch expertise: water technology• 99% of population access to clean  water• Expertise in water treatment  technologies• F...
Institute Deltares                                                                 Marina Reservoir - Singapore     Enviro...
Dutch Delta Technology – Your Partners       Room For Rivers – An Integrated Approach                                     ...
USING MODERN TECHNOLOGY FOR MONITORING & SURVEYING  22
POLDERS – DISTRICTS – MANAGED BY POLDER BOARDS                    WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS                     ...
DUTCH EXAMPLE WATER BOARD TAXES ARE:     Funding - tax principles:     The form and content of the Dutch Water Board taxes...
Water Resources Management, Flood Mitigation and            Environmental Assessment approach25
RIVER RHINE BASIN TROUGH SEVEN COUNTRIES                BIGGEST RIVER IN EUROPE                  LENGTH 1,320 km          ...
POLDERS ALONG RIVERSRIVERS IN THE NETHERLANDS                                     SITUATION 1800                          ...
CONTAMINATED RIVER SLIB DEPOTSIn reality the Dutch Delta is in fact the depositional zone of the three main rivers in Euro...
DELTA WORKS   NETHERLANDS              FLOODED                IF              WITHOUT              WATER DEFENCES29
INDUSTRIAL POLLUTERS30
PHYSICAL & RUBBISH POLLUTERS 31
32
Even The Foreigners have to clean our river                Where are we?                   Sungai Way33
This is what we need to prevent          SUNGAI WAY34
October 2009SUNGAI KLANG   SHAH ALAM                              FLOATING                         DEBRIS ISLANDS35
Singapore River in the 60’s36
Present Day Singapore River37
LESSONS LEARNED FROM RIVER RHINE BASINExperiences with conflicts and cooperation in the Rhine basin, prove theusefulness o...
In doing so, the natural confidence of the constituting partners will grow.The political relevance of the work of the work...
For a river basin organization a coordination authority at all levels,supported by a (technical) secretariat, is of great ...
Finally, a sustainable River Rhine needs but this counts also for every riverbasin an approach for the whole catchment are...
Stakeholders involvement a must!                           THANK YOU – TERIMA KASIH                           Neder Delta ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Powerpoint Water General Final Hendrik University Malaya

593 views

Published on

University Malaya Living with water - Water management in the Netherlands

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
593
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Powerpoint Water General Final Hendrik University Malaya

  1. 1. The Dutch Water sector TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF DELTAS, ESTUARIES AND COASTAL ZONESNeder Delta Engineering & Consulting (M) Sdn Bhd Speaker: Ir. Hendrik J.S. Bruna Kuala Lumpur October 4th. 2009 “FORUM OUR EARTH, OUR HOME” AUDITORIUM UNIVERSITI MALAYA
  2. 2. “LIVING WITH WATER” ENABELING DELTA LIFE RIVER & WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS BASED ON > 400 YEARS EXPERIENCE2
  3. 3. DUTCH COAST – NORTH SEA MAKING USE OF WIND ENERGY “AIR-TRICITY” 3
  4. 4. The Netherlands: what’s in a name?• The Netherlands is built on the delta of four European rivers• 70% of GDP earned on land that would flood if left undefended• Lengthy and sturdy flood defences• Part of our culture and history• Royal involvement THREAT DAMAGE SOLUTION4
  5. 5. HRH. PRINCE WILLEM ALEXANDER CROWN PRINCE OF THE NETHERLANDSALSO NICKNAMED THE WATER PRINCE IS VERY ACTIVE AND SPECIAL ADVISER & CHAIRMAN COMMITTEE FOR WATER AND SANITAIRY ISSUES TO THE SECRETARY- GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS (UNSGAB) 5
  6. 6. TYPICAL DUTCH SOIL SEA – MARINE CLAY6
  7. 7. Mind over “AIR-TRICITY” matter• Windmills: tribute to an age-old fight• Levees: more than piles of sand• Reclaiming land for agriculture, business and protection has paid off• Modern land reclamation: Second Maas Area 7
  8. 8. Water: a love affair• Water as a source of prosperity - The first multinational was Dutch - The Dutch East India Company The “VOC” 1602 - 1850-- Port of Rotterdam – Europort- now world’s third-largest-• Water as protection (O, irony) - Controlled flooding - inundation polders – land to stop enemies 8
  9. 9. Water: a formidable foe• The St. Elizabeth Flood: defenseless against nature’s forces• Zuyderzee Flood leads to large- scale land reclamation• The tragedy of 1953 and the ensuing National Delta Plan for the whole country 9
  10. 10. LARGE SCALE LAND RECLAMATION NETHERLANDS LOWLANDS - DELTA 10
  11. 11. TYPICAL DUTCH POLDER LANDSCAPE LAND IS BELOW WATER LEVEL CREATIVE LIVING WITH WATER11
  12. 12. Global water challenges•• Climate change to impact our safety, health and prosperity•• Population growth to pressure urban areas•• Providing water and sanitary facilities•• Social responsibility and human rights•• Urbanisation focused on vulnerable delta areas•• Economic growth further draining our resources 12
  13. 13. Dutch solutions for the entire world• The Dutch: the world’s water trailblazer, we have some of the world’s leading companies in dredging.• Going Dutch: technology, solutions and organizational skills. Dredging Industry Land Reclamation & Coastal Protection 13
  14. 14. A holistic approach• Limits of protection: combining soft measures with hard defenses• Room for Rivers programme• Living with Water programme (knowledge and awareness)• Adaptive technology 14
  15. 15. TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION RIVER BED15
  16. 16. MONITORED AND WELL MANAGED RIVER DREDGING Dredging of sediments is an important corrective measure for our rivers16
  17. 17. Dutch expertise: delta technology• Delta project: 16,500 km levees, 1,650 km2 land reclaimed• Amazing engineering structures and solutions - Oosterschelde: 9 kilometres that will last 200 years - Maeslant: protection that doesn’t hamper shipping• Helping to rebuild New Orleans after Katrina• Dredging and land reclamation• Flood Control 2015• Building with Nature17
  18. 18. TOERISMSAFE AND SUSTAINABLE LIVING BELOW SEA & RIVER LEVEL BEHIND THE DIKES & WATER DEFENCES18
  19. 19. Dutch expertise: water technology• 99% of population access to clean water• Expertise in water treatment technologies• Four of the world’s 10 best water consultancies are Dutch• Five world-class knowledge institutesWater related Science & TechnologyIs at high level in The Netherlands.Public and Private sectors cooperateIn the development of new technologies. 19
  20. 20. Institute Deltares Marina Reservoir - Singapore Environmental study Laguna de Bay - Philippines independent world leading water-related research and specialized consultancy services: from multidisciplinary policy studies Tsunami simulations to design and technical assistance Panama canal Drainage network modelling, Hong Kong Flood simulation, UKEcological modelling study lagoon of Venice, Italy Design optimization, Dubai 20
  21. 21. Dutch Delta Technology – Your Partners Room For Rivers – An Integrated Approach EXPORTA programme aiming to strengthen the international position of the Dutch water sector (Companies) KNOW HOW 21
  22. 22. USING MODERN TECHNOLOGY FOR MONITORING & SURVEYING 22
  23. 23. POLDERS – DISTRICTS – MANAGED BY POLDER BOARDS WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE NETHERLANDS Water Boards as organizations for water management have been established in the Middle Ages. They were essential for survival as the low lying delta area was flooded regularly. 23
  24. 24. DUTCH EXAMPLE WATER BOARD TAXES ARE: Funding - tax principles: The form and content of the Dutch Water Board taxes are; The benefit principle; The cost - recovery principle; The polluter - pays principle; The solidarity principle. THE DUTCH CASE SHOWS AN EXAMPLE OF 95 % COST RECOVERY BY LOCAL TAXES.24
  25. 25. Water Resources Management, Flood Mitigation and Environmental Assessment approach25
  26. 26. RIVER RHINE BASIN TROUGH SEVEN COUNTRIES BIGGEST RIVER IN EUROPE LENGTH 1,320 km CATCHMENT AREA 170,000 km2 NETWORKLESSONS LEARNED COOPERATION EXPERIENCE ASSESMENT & WITH CONFLICTS MONITORINGAND COOPERATION STATIONS 26
  27. 27. POLDERS ALONG RIVERSRIVERS IN THE NETHERLANDS SITUATION 1800 (WATER)MANAGED INUNDATED AREAS PRESENT SITUATION 27
  28. 28. CONTAMINATED RIVER SLIB DEPOTSIn reality the Dutch Delta is in fact the depositional zone of the three main rivers in Europe, the Dutch have to deal with. START WORKS28
  29. 29. DELTA WORKS NETHERLANDS FLOODED IF WITHOUT WATER DEFENCES29
  30. 30. INDUSTRIAL POLLUTERS30
  31. 31. PHYSICAL & RUBBISH POLLUTERS 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Even The Foreigners have to clean our river Where are we? Sungai Way33
  34. 34. This is what we need to prevent SUNGAI WAY34
  35. 35. October 2009SUNGAI KLANG SHAH ALAM FLOATING DEBRIS ISLANDS35
  36. 36. Singapore River in the 60’s36
  37. 37. Present Day Singapore River37
  38. 38. LESSONS LEARNED FROM RIVER RHINE BASINExperiences with conflicts and cooperation in the Rhine basin, prove theusefulness of river basin organizations.Although the major Rhine river basin organizations focused and focus onone specific aspect of the river such as navigation, water quality, orresearch, all river organizations have proved their great importance.The rules of cooperation for all the commissions are that they are basedon consensus between the partners and thus gain support andcommitment for their recommendations.The commissions have a fixed funding by either the states or themember institutes, and carry out a program and measures.One of the prime obligations for the commissions is to publish joint reportson the status of the river and on the progress of implementationmeasures. 38
  39. 39. In doing so, the natural confidence of the constituting partners will grow.The political relevance of the work of the work of the commissionunderlines its importance, although too much political involvement inthe work can harm the open discussion among 31 experts and beinjurious to flexibility in the search for common solutions that are of valuefor the basin as a whole.A prerequisite for an international basin organization is a national legalbasis for acting, a treaty-based performance or a diplomatic memorandumof understanding.A clear description of the rules on how to act in case of a (potential)water related conflict or disagreement between members needs to beincluded in the treaty of the organization. 39
  40. 40. For a river basin organization a coordination authority at all levels,supported by a (technical) secretariat, is of great importance for thecontinuity of the work. The secretariat and the members of theorganization should formulate clear and attractive common targets andorganize stakeholder involvement in planning and implementation ofmeasures.The sharing of success by the commission and each member state &institute will stimulate mutual confidence and enhance public andpolitical support.A sound, indisputable scientific assessment of facts supports stronglysustainable trans-boundary cooperation.In the Rhine basin, the cooperation between the research orientedInternational Commission for the Hydrology of the Rhine Basin (CHR),the International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine (ICPR) andthe Central Commission for Navigation of the Rhine (CCNR) should bestimulated vigorously. 40
  41. 41. Finally, a sustainable River Rhine needs but this counts also for every riverbasin an approach for the whole catchment area, with integrated waterresource management as the task of one river basin organization, inorder to comply with the European Water Framework Directive and toavoid duplicating work between the existing organizations.So to conclude, it is not necessary to invent the wheel again,we can learn from lessons in history and others, whom wherefacing even bigger problems to survive.The Dutch had no choice and time to talk, we had to act, tosurvive and to communicate with our upstream neighboringcountries to create a sustainable living even below sea level. “WATER IS NO PROBLEM BUT A DESIGN EXERCISE” FROM BUILDING AGAINST NATURE TO “BUILDING WITH NATURE” 41
  42. 42. Stakeholders involvement a must! THANK YOU – TERIMA KASIH Neder Delta Engineering & Consulting (M) Sdn Bhd. In close cooperation with Institute Deltares from the Netherlands and the support of the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Malaysia.42

×