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Bhau cha-dhakka
 

Bhau cha-dhakka

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    Bhau cha-dhakka Bhau cha-dhakka Presentation Transcript

    • fish auction @Bhau-cha-Dhakka ......... a magnet of fishing travelers Presentation by: Prabhakar Jagdale Hemant Bhagat Vikram Singh Shaheen Peerzada
    •  Location History Economics Operations Problems & Prospects
    •  Bhaucha Dhakka more commonly known as New Ferry Wharf is located along the coast of Dockyard Road (Mazagaon). It was built by Lakshman Hari Chandarjee Ajinkya. (1789-1858). He belonged to the Pathare Prabhu community (one of the original inhabitants of Bombay).He was affectionately addressed as Bhau or big brother by the local people. His family had estates at Naigaum and Parel and he worked as Chief Clerk in the Gun Carriage Factory in Colaba. Information given in the Govt. Archives and in the Marathi book „Pathare Prabhuncha Itihaas‟ by Pratap Velkar reveal that Bombay did not have a regular pier or wharf till 1835 for either goods or passengers. The government started leasing out land on the Bombay frontage to private individuals to build wet docks and basins. Laksman Hari Chandarjee Ajinkya alias „Bhau‟ was the first local to take this opportunity. He thus constructed Bombay‟s first wet dock in 1841 for the convenience of the passengers and incoming ships to load, embark and berth. These included Carnac and Claire bunders. Today, the passenger terminal at the Bhau-Cha-Dhakka is still used to ferry people to Mora and Rewas for their onward journeys to Uran and Alibag.
    • Fish in the hold (box or hold) Unloading WashingDeliver to the auction hall / pier Auctioning Cutting Re-loading Consumer Re-icing Transport Consumer
    •  The New Ferry Wharf was constructed to accommodate the additional trawlers from Gujarat and to provide facilities for fish landings. The harbour was commissioned in April 1980. The new jetty for fish landings is an extension of the old „Bhau-cha-Dhakka‟ which is used as a passenger jetty of Mumbai harbour. A small bridge connects the main land with the jetty and facilities like diesel bunk, auction hall etc. are available for the vessels using the harbour.
    •  Fish is often washed with contaminated harbour water Fish is often put straight onto the pier concrete and splashed with harbour water for better appearance before sale Equipment, containers and pallets are often washed with harbour water Water used for washing fish is not changed frequently
    •  If fish is landed iced in boxes there should be no need to wash it before transport
    •  Designated auction area is not always used for auctioning Fish from boats further from the pier sometimes gets rough handling Fish is usually delivered by hand, not in boxes
    •  Fish is sold straight from the pier / concrete Unrelated traffic (people and vehicles) in the auctioning area Auctioning takes too long Temperature abuse
    •  Pallets or boxes should be used during auctioning Temperature abuse can be minimized by • using ice • shortening the auction time Zoning should be implemented to reduce traffic
    •  Fish is unloaded straight onto the pier and mostly by hand The pier is highly contaminated due to unwanted human activities The pier is used for auctioning in some cases The pier is used for packaging fish for transport
    •  The market handles more than 400 different types of seafood from surmai (kingfish), mori (shark), rawas (salmon), mandeli, prawn, mackerel, kane (ladyfish), pomfret, crab and, of course, the legendary bombil (Bombay duck). Overall, more than 700,000 metric tons of seafood are handled every year at the three seafood markets in Mumbai. Bhaucha Dhakka alone handles over 2000 metric tons of seafood per day. The number of registered employees as of 25 January 2010 varies from 60,00 to 65,00, including wholesalers, accountants, auctioneers, company officials, and distributors.
    • Profit = Income - ExpensesFISH NEWSALES SHIP HARBOR & ORDERS OPERATING INTEREST COSTS EARNINGS SHIP SHIP INTEREST TRADE AUCTIONS & CHARGES SALES TRADE PURCHASES
    • Fish Sales Catch x Price (Rs.940 per fish)InterestEarnings 10% if Minimum Balance is greater than zero Ship Trade Sales Negotiated Price
    • Harbor & Harbor: Rs.2350/ship-yearOperating Costs Coastal Fishery: Rs7050/ship-year Deep Sea Fishery: Rs.11750/ship-every year Con-struction New Ships: Rs.14100 each (charged current year but delivered following year)Auction & TradePurcha se Auction: Highest Bid Trade: Negotiated PriceInterestCharges 15% if Minimum Balance is less than zero.
    •  The market opens most mornings at 5:00 a.m. with the arrival of the catch by boats, trawlers. The wholesalers then estimate the value and prepare the incoming products for the auctions. The buyers also inspect the fish to estimate which fish they would like to bid for and at which price. The auctions start around 6:00 a.m. The bidders include intermediate wholesalers who operate stalls in the marketplace, and other buyers who are agents for restaurants, food processing companies, and large retailers. The auctions usually end around 9:00 a.m. Afterward, the purchased fish is either loaded onto trucks to be shipped to the next destination. The fresh catch makes its way to the fish markets and roadside vendors and finally into kitchens where it‟s dunked in coconut curries, steamed in banana leaves, coated with masala or just plain fried.
    •  Steady supply of fish for our grow-out (raw materials ) Hatches own fish, feeds and grows in unpolluted waters of fishing Bay Use of cutting-edge feeding and growing technologies. Well-program Production System Preserved quality in the processing system
    •  High Price Image ◦ Vacuum pack ◦ High quality ◦ Big sizes Production Scheduling ◦ New Products ◦ Customization ◦ Volume consideration Packaging ◦ high import taxes on equipment and packaging material ◦ lack of supplier ◦ limited design ◦ expensive ◦ compliance with mandatory labeling
    •  Local Market  strengthening of marketing and distribution areas of value- added products  production of import substitute (influx of products as an effect of WTO membership)  contract produce Foreign markets  great demand for new fish forms among different countries  emergence of new markets  world demand for health food
    • New Entrants Threat of New Entrants Industry Bargaining Power of Bargaining Power of Suppliers Competitors BuyersSuppliers Buyers Intensity of Rivalry Threat of Substitutes Substitutes
    •  Licence Fees will be levied on vessels registered and vessels using Bunders as under : Mumbai Port Trust charges the Licence Fees on users and ancillary trade. 1. Only valid licence holders shall be allowed to carry out above activity. 2. The licences shall be renewed on annual basis.
    •  Poor facilities in terms of adequate drinking water, medical facilities, place for auction, etc. Unhygienic health conditions due to delay in removal of fish waste and garbage. Poor Maintenance of fish storage facilities No Government Aid in terms of insurance for fisherman‟s No drinking water facility is available for sailing vessels from the Port Authority The MBPT is collecting port dues on the first of every month. In view of this, even if the vessels arrives on the 30th of a particular month and leaves on sixth of the following month, it has to pay for two months. This creates hardship for them. They have, therefore, suggested that the port charges may be valid for one month from the date of arrival of the vessel. USE of parsisan net: Voicing concern over the extinction of fish in the Arabian sea, the Akhil Maharashtra Macchhimar Kriti Samiti (AMMKS) has demanded a ban on the use of parsisan nets for fishing. “The parsisan net, which costs Rs 15 lakh, is spread across 3 km in the sea and therefore there is a major threat to fish," Samiti president Damodar Tandel told reporters. “Because of this net, fish in the entire 3 km area is captured and killed. Breeding is also affected as chemicals are also used in it," he said. “Earlier, the fishermen used to fish with the help of trawlers, but after they learnt that due to parsisan net they can good income they started to use it extensively,” he alleged. Fifteen years back there was a ban on parsisan net but the big trawler owners requested the commissioner office of the state fishery department to allow them to use this net,Tandel said.
    •  Govt to set up fish markets: Mumbai, Jun 21 (PTI) Maharashtra government will set up fish markets on the lines of vegetable markets in nine districts of the state, Minister of State for Fisheries, Madhukar Chavan, said. "Advanced fish markets would be set up in nine districts of the state, which would be based on the lines of vegetable markets," Chavan said. "Six such fish markets would be set up in neighboring Thane district and would be under the jurisdiction of the municipalities," he said. Earlier in the day, the minister held a meeting with the Akhil Maharashtra Macchhimar Kriti Samiti (AMMKS) which demanded a ban on the parsisan net which they claim is harmful for the marine life as it affects breeding of fish. Chavan, however, said that since the issue is pending in the court it would be inappropriate to make any comment on the issue. "The government is willing to put a ban on parsisan net. But since the issue is pending in the court therefore we cannot take a decision," he said. Suggesting that the issue can be resolved amicably, Chavan said the government has decided to form a committee of experts which would present a report on the threat from the parsisan net which can spread 3 km in sea and therefore a threat for fish. After being apprised by the AMMKS about rampant fishing in the Arabian sea despite a ban in place since June 15, the minister asked the fishing body to file cases against the violators. Flying squads have been formed to keep a check on the violators and the government would cancel their licenses, he added. safeguarding the financial interest of fishermen and their co-operatives
    •  Boats go into sea 9-10 before Day starts at 5.00 am Auction time : 6.00 am to 9 am Credit period – 10 to 15 days Commission to agents No auction during June 20 to Aug 20 ◦ Mumbai port trust imposes uniform fishing ban during the period from June 20 to Aug 20, for the reasons of conservation and effective management of fishery resources and also for the sea safety reasons