Obsessive Compulsive Disorder


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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or “OCD” is estimated to affect about one in every 50 people in the United States. OCD is characterized by varying degrees of obsessions and compulsions depending on the individual

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

  1. 1. www.helpingpsychology.com Obsessive Compulsive Disorder http://helpingpsychology.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/iStock_000001318594XSmall-300x240.jpg
  2. 2. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or “OCD” is estimated to affect about one in every 50 people in the United States. www.helpingpsychology.com http://www.ocfoundation.org/uploadedImages/OCD%20Teen%20Web.jpg?n=7317
  3. 3. www.helpingpsychology.com OCD is characterized by varying degrees of obsessions and compulsions depending on the individual. http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/5069271/anxiety-main_Full.jpg
  4. 4. www.helpingpsychology.com Obsessions can be defined as repetitive thoughts, and compulsions can be defined as repetitive behaviors . http://www.obsessive-compulsive-symptoms.org/images/obsessive_compulsive_disorder/obsessive_compulsive_disorder_250x251.jpg
  5. 5. www.helpingpsychology.com For people suffering from OCD, the degree of obsessions can be anything as mild as replaying and analyzing a recent conversation to something as severe as the inability to stop thinking about performing an act of violence. Symptoms http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/231715-45med.jpg
  6. 6. www.helpingpsychology.com Compulsions can range from simply having to beep the car alarm twice to washing one’s hands dozens of times until the hands become raw and blistered. http://arch-online.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/ocd-224x300.jpg
  7. 7. www.helpingpsychology.com Obsessions can last anywhere from a few minutes to many years, depending on the severity of the OCD. http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/5144041/258221-main_Full.jpg
  8. 8. www.helpingpsychology.com Sometimes, compulsions work in connection with the person’s obsessions, acting for the person as a preventative measure to help keep darker thoughts at bay. http://www.mentalhelp.net/images/root/ocd1_id25963531_jpg_.jpg
  9. 9. www.helpingpsychology.com Failure to perform the task may make darker thoughts worse. http://cafeteach.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/ocd2-you.jpg
  10. 10. www.helpingpsychology.com A mental health professional will evaluate three main criteria before making a diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Diagnosis http://www.cherrypedrick.com/ocd/ocd.jpg
  11. 11. www.helpingpsychology.com First, a therapist will determine if the patient suffers from the constant, disturbing thoughts that characterize obsession. http://www.holistic360.co.uk/images/Photo%20-%20Woman%20Cleaning%20Windows.jpg
  12. 12. www.helpingpsychology.com For example: Is the patient still thinking about an event that occurred some time ago? http://www.abc.net.au/reslib/200810/r302979_1317873.jpg
  13. 13. The therapist will then need to know if the person suffers from the unrelenting need to perform certain tasks, signifying that compulsions are present. www.helpingpsychology.com http://www.dana.org/uploadedImages/Images/Spotlight_Images/PR09_CH07_KnifeMime_s.jpg
  14. 14. www.helpingpsychology.com Does the patient count ceiling tiles or constantly untie and retie their shoes? http://therapyworks.ca/storage/woman%20butterfly.jpg
  15. 15. www.helpingpsychology.com Finally, the therapist will try to establish whether these thoughts and actions are interfering with the patient’s everyday life. http://www.womansday.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/wd2/content/health/conditions-diseases/checkup-ocd-obsessive-compulsive-disorder/4387-8-eng-US/Checkup-OCD-Obsessive-Compulsive-Disorder_full_article_vertical.jpg
  16. 16. www.helpingpsychology.com Is the person still able to work, to eat, to sleep, and interact with others? http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_vbS7BIUoZ94/SeX0WvEP99I/AAAAAAAABrs/CgR3nn_-z50/s1600-h/ocd+2.jpg
  17. 17. www.helpingpsychology.com The most important step in treating OCD is seeing a doctor or psychologist. Treatment http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3362/3572135000_1e67a3d67d.jpg
  18. 18. www.helpingpsychology.com Depending upon the severity of a person’s OCD, the doctor will outline a course of treatment specific to the patient. http://www.counsellingpsychologist.net/Quickstart/ImageLib/reachoutstock_grayscale-1.gif
  19. 19. www.helpingpsychology.com If a person’s obsessive-compulsive behaviors are relatively mild and do not interfere with his or her ability to function in society, the therapist may choose to prescribe only behavioral or “exposure” therapy to help the patient overcome their obsessive-compulsive behaviors. http://www.peterfieldhypnotherapy.co.uk/images/OCD.jpg
  20. 20. www.helpingpsychology.com Group therapy, meditation, and/or restriction of caffeine and other stimulants all may be useful in the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. http://www.ocdsymptoms.co.uk/images/7434.jpg
  21. 21. www.argosy.edu Argosy University has developed a curriculum that focuses on interpersonal skills and practical experience alongside academic learning. Sponsored By Helping Psychology is sponsored by Argosy University .