Access for all: Securing older people’s access to water and sanitation

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Access for all: Securing older people’s access to water and sanitation

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Access for all: Securing older people’s access to water and sanitation

  1. 1. Access for all: Securing older people’s access to water and sanitation HelpAge International (UK), GRAVIS (India) 32 nd WEDC International Conference November 2006 Colombo, Sri Lanka www.helpage.org
  2. 2. Aim of the presentation <ul><li>To highlight the barriers that prevent older people from realising their right to water, present case studies on how to improve access and make recommendations to policy makers and water suppliers on how they can improve access to water for older people. </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation www.helpage.org
  3. 3. The Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions with case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Ways forward </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation www.helpage.org
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>With the global population growth, the water resources are drying up and water tables are dropping up. </li></ul><ul><li>The situation is alarming in the developing world </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly half of the population living in the developing world suffers with a waterborne diseases at any given time. </li></ul><ul><li>Most countries in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa are extremely water-scarce. </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation www.helpage.org
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>Older People are particularly vulnerable </li></ul><ul><li>Older people have the same right to water and sanitation as others have </li></ul><ul><li>Water insecurity is a source of stress and cause of poverty among older people </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of water and sanitation lead to severe health problems among Older People </li></ul><ul><li>Older women are particularly impacted </li></ul><ul><li>There is a lack of policies to deal with this problem </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation www.helpage.org
  6. 6. Barriers <ul><li>Difficult access </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of water </li></ul><ul><li>The supply factor </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Social issues, neglect </li></ul><ul><li>No clear policies </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  7. 7. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Rainwater harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Bore wells </li></ul><ul><li>Toilets </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring by older people </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate technical solutions </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  8. 8. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Rainwater harvesting in the Thar Desert, India </li></ul><ul><li>Is a part of the ADOPT project </li></ul><ul><li>being implemented by HAI and </li></ul><ul><li>GRAVIS </li></ul><ul><li>Provides drinking water and rainwater </li></ul><ul><li>for agriculture to over 2,500 older </li></ul><ul><li>people and their families </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on traditional methods of </li></ul><ul><li>rain-collection with technical innovations </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  9. 9. Rainwater harvesting in Thar <ul><li>Taanka </li></ul><ul><li>Is an underground tank </li></ul><ul><li>Stores 20,000 liters of rainwater </li></ul><ul><li>Supplies water to family for 6 to </li></ul><ul><li>8 months </li></ul><ul><li>Costs 250 US$ </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  10. 10. Rainwater harvesting in Thar <ul><li>Khadin </li></ul><ul><li>- Is a bund to retain water in </li></ul><ul><li>farming lands </li></ul><ul><li>Increases productivity </li></ul><ul><li>by 2 to 3 times </li></ul><ul><li>Very effective in arid </li></ul><ul><li>conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Costs 500 US $ </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  11. 11. Rainwater harvesting in Thar <ul><li>Naadi </li></ul><ul><li>Is a community pond </li></ul><ul><li>A fully filled naadi provides </li></ul><ul><li>water to 5,000 humans and </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 cattle for 8 to 12 </li></ul><ul><li>months </li></ul><ul><li>Costs 8,000 US $ </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  12. 12. Rainwater harvesting in Thar <ul><li>Trainings </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on orienting rural communities on harvesting rainwater </li></ul><ul><li>Educate communities on construction and maintenance of water harvesting structures </li></ul><ul><li>Aim on sustainability of the structures </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  13. 13. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Bore well in Mozambique </li></ul><ul><li>Has been constructed in Mozambique under a project for elderly focusing on water and food security </li></ul><ul><li>The bore well is functioning by solar energy </li></ul><ul><li>It is benefiting 200 older persons, 30,000 secondary beneficiaries and 10,000 hectares of land. </li></ul><ul><li>With the success seen, the local government has taken up the initiative of repairing three more bore wells. </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  14. 14. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Toilets in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>In rural Cambodia, lack of toilets present great difficulties to older people. </li></ul><ul><li>Through a project organized by HAI, 150 toilets have been constructed in six villages. </li></ul><ul><li>The toilets have been made with raised seats </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  15. 15. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Monitoring by older people </li></ul><ul><li>Older people groups have been formed in project regions </li></ul><ul><li>These groups monitor progress at the community level </li></ul><ul><li>They also provide suggestions to improve the quality of work </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  16. 16. Interventions of HelpAge <ul><li>Appropriate technical solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Solar pumps to extract water </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific innovations to catch rain water </li></ul><ul><li>Raised seats in the toilets </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  17. 17. Impacts of interventions <ul><li>Older people have lead the initiatives focusing on water security and sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>In the Thar Desert of India, 400 taankas , 350 khadins and 11 naadis are benefiting 20,000 humans and over 50,000 cattle including 2,500 older people. </li></ul><ul><li>In Cambodia, the bore well is providing water to 200 older people and 30,000 secondary beneficiaries and irrigating 10,000 hectares of land </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  18. 18. Impacts of interventions <ul><li>Toilets in rural Cambodia benefiting 200 older people and their families </li></ul><ul><li>The rainwater harvesting activities in the Thar Desert are being replicated by NGOs and the government </li></ul><ul><li>The government has repaired 3 bore wells in Mozambique </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  19. 19. Ways forward <ul><li>Data on access of water by age and gender should be collected </li></ul><ul><li>International organizations and national governments should develop precise policies aiming on water security for older people </li></ul><ul><li>Community based interventions should be planned and implemented </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  20. 20. Ways forward <ul><li>Older people’s groups should be formed </li></ul><ul><li>Their participation should be sought in need assessment, planning and implementation and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Technical innovations should be incorporated </li></ul>Access for all: securing older people’s access to water and sanitation
  21. 21. THANKS! <ul><li>www.helpage.org </li></ul>

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