303 moving forward on mipaa s beales

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  • The challenge for HelpAge International is to correct the lack of knowledge amongst older people that there is MIPAA and that they have the right to monitor its implementation. HelpAge is very conscious that in 2002 older people clearly said that they had never heard of the first Plan of Action, the Vienna Plan of Action on Ageing.
    The findings of the global review show that there is a real challenge to “check with the user”, to see if MIPAA is being implemented and whether provisions made meet older people’s satisfaction. This is critical also as MIPAA emphasizes the role of governments in “promoting, providing and ensuring access to basic social services, bearing in mind specific needs of older persons.”
  • The main aim of the report is to position global ageing within the international development and human rights agendas by looking at what happened since the Second World Assembly on Ageing in Madrid. The report will particularly focus on the voices of older people.
    Even though the report will not explicitly ask for a new convention we will campaign around this ask in the run up to the launch of the report and obviously Age Demands Action will be the main driver to do this. Are we all OK with this?
    Audience are of course policy makers and policy influencers, governments, academia, the UN and media so that they respond by promoting the implementation of national, regional and international commitments on ageing, and also promoting improved age and gender-related data gathering and analysis.
  • As mentioned by the previous speakers this project entailed data gathering from the project over five months by regional consultants and a range of researchers. The global report includes data received from 133 countries, regional overviews and 32 country case studies. The intention was to gather data from all countries but for some no information could be found. It is work in progress and the data bank still needs completion.
    Dissemination of global report at 2nd session of OEWG in NY. On our website under “resources”. The information presented in this report is intended to provide the international community with an indepth understanding of the progressive realization of the objectives and recommendations of the Madrid Plan. The challenges in obtaining accurate and easily available information necessary to build this understanding and inform policy making on ageing suggest that data analysis and reporting on ageing is an area for considerable improvement. We hope that this report serves to promote progress in this field, especially relevant to the upcoming ten-year review and appraisal of the Madrid Plan. We invite all stakeholders to come forward with additional information as it becomes available to make this a living document that can be shared by all in our mutual quest to fulfil the goal of the Madrid Plan, that of achieving a “Society for All Ages”.
    Build on this review for SOTWOP 2012 (this review will provide the necessary information to analyse the impact of these governmental actions on the QoL and well-being of older people). The impact on OP will be assessed through consultations in form of group discussions with older people.
  • Yellow – through UNFPA funding or funding of HelpAge offices/partners
    Blue – countries with contacts
  • So far this is happening in 34 countries around the world.
    We developed these manuals to guide the activities in all participating countries. In each country a minimum of four discussions with 6 to 10 older people are being held. The discussions covered various topics such as health and caregiving, secure income and work, participation and contributions, rights and discrimination.
    Contextual information is recorded in community profile charts. This includes for example the distance to the next health centre or the source of drinking water.
    In addition to this, we developed a participant profile questionnaire which provides the opportunity to collect quantitative information on socio-demographics and some basic questions related to ageing. This helps us to describe the sample of participants and triangulate some of the information given in the group discussions.
    Testimonies which are a good tool of learning about older people’s views in more depth. Even though the focus of these testimonies is on age discrimination we did not explicitly mention this. We simply ask older people which age they think is best to live in their society and why. Often, without us leading them, cases of family neglect are brought up.

Transcript

  • 1. ‘A report prepared by UNFPA in collaboration with HelpAge International and with input from United Nations bodies and other international organisations’ Launch date 1st October 2012 July 9, 2014 World of Older People 2012 Sylvia Beales Head of Strategic Alliances sbeales @helpage.org
  • 2. July 9, 2014 Background The challenge of the Madrid Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) The key challenge for world is how to build… “You are talking of a Second World Assembly on Ageing. What happened to the first? We were never consulted, yet you tell us a Plan of Action to address our situation emerged. Who made it?” Older woman, Zimbabwe (State of the World’s Older People, HelpAge International 2002)
  • 3. July 9, 2014 Bottom up review and appraisal • Government, the UN system and civil society invited to participate in a bottom-up approach to the review and appraisal of the Plan (Economic and Social Council, res. 2003/14 of 21 July 2003) • UNDESA Guidelines for review and appraisal of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing • Collaboration with UNFPA to review policies and implementation with older persons 2010/11 • First ever global World Older Persons report to be published in October 2012
  • 4. July 9, 2014 World of Older People 2012 report The key challenge for world is how to build… To position population ageing within the global development and human rights agendas based on an assessment of progress since the Second World Assembly on Ageing in 2002 Why is this special? Focus on the perspective of older persons themselves, to identify gaps and to propose the way forward Global reach UN agency input (UNDESA, ILO, UNICEF, UNDP, OHCHR, UNHCR, FAO, UN Women, IOM, Regional Commissions Recommendations for ICPD plus 20, MDGS post 2015 agenda
  • 5. July 9, 2014 1.Situation analysis eight years after the implementation of MIPAA Information was collected from 133 countries and 32 country case studies Review of status/availability of • Data and research • Policies and legislation • Institutional arrangements Living document (work in progress) Available on UNFPA and HelpAge websites Goal: assess progress and gaps on MIPAA’s three priority directions
  • 6. July 9, 2014 Findings Between 2002 and 2010 48 countries approved and published national policies on ageing 10 countries brought into force overarching legislation on ageing 51 produced research or surveys on ageing, 64 countries set up official bodies and institutions to respond to ageing with at least one ministry responsible for ageing or older people • Big variations across regions – limited or no policy coverage in: • Mainstreaming of ageing into poverty reduction programmes • Emergency programmes • Migration/rural development • HIV/AIDS, NCDs, mental health, disabilities • Violence and human rights Little evidence on budgets to implement policies
  • 7. July 9, 2014 Main recommendations • Urgent policy action needed in all priority directions to respond to the demands of demographic transition • Use and improve existing data sets; disaggregate data by age • Ensure age adjusted sectoral and public policies • Mainstreaming plus integrated age targeted programmes • Follow legislation with accountable budgets • Focus on Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) • People centred/bottom up evaluation of policies and programmes more necessary than ever • Share and communicate best practice in policy implementation, legislative action, data collection and analysis
  • 8. July 9, 2014 2. Older Persons input To assess - older people’s awareness of MIPAA and knowledge of and engagement with the national implementation of government action linked to MIPAA -the impact of national actions relating to MIPAA on older people’s lives -Priority actions for next steps The innovation is to - provide an authentic older people’s voice on the implementation of MIPAA - offer a global vision of what needs to be done to implement MIPAA
  • 9. Consultations in over 40 countries
  • 10. July 9, 2014 Bottom-up approach manual Activities at national level are: - Group discussions (in 2 rural and 2 urban communities) - Community profile charts with contextual information - Participant profile questionnaires (for each participant) - Individual case studies
  • 11. July 9, 2014 Voices and aspirations of active, articulate but often excluded older women and men
  • 12. July 9, 2014 Some findings • Lack of knowledge of MIPAA and other policies, rights and entitlements • Improvements put down to infrastructure – water, roads, health clinics • Importance of secure income - pensions • Intergenerational interdependence on family and community; caring, livelihoods (work) • Marked differences between urban and rural in relation to poverty, inclusion, participation, basic service provision • Worries about being costly to families (health, frailty) • Disputes over land and housing – family, official and police abuse • Increasing cost of food, medicines, consultations, care and transport • Short sighted policies – free consultations but expensive medicines • Government policies not known by service providers • Abuse a source of shame and anguish • Value placed on caring for others – neighbours , grandchildren • Value of being organised – many benefits including sense of worth and political recognition
  • 13. July 9, 2014 Some overview recommendations • Ageing is the issue of our time. It is a reality for us all, wherever we are whatever age we are • Globalisation challenges together with global ageing demands a radical rethink of how we organise our societies • Older people are our unacknowledged ‘global good’; all must support their contributions, activism and economic weight • The data gaps on age lead to invisibility, discrimination and human rights violations • Investing in older people and their organisations brings important societal and economic benefits • Policy on ageing through MIPAA without budgets and cross sectoral implementation will not deliver results • We have choices, we have the knowledge, we have the evidence; it is time to think and act differently • Age Inclusive and rights based policy frameworks for our sustainable future are urgent