Helena Parrish Intro to Humanities 1010 November 3rd, 2009 Curator of Columbia, Tennessee
Introduction As the curator for the town of Columbia, Tennessee, three pieces of artwork have been chosen for selected locations around town. The mayor has been kind enough to give an unlimited budget for these pieces, which has helped greatly in achieving some of the most well renowned paintings of all time.
The first location for a selected painting is the City Hall of Columbia. The art piece chose is from a Medieval book of hours. The Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (The VeryRichHours of the Duke of Berry). The monthchosen, January, depicts the Duke and other people have a large banquet. This is a good portrayal of an event and gatheringatthis time, whichis rare, sincemostartwork of thiseraconsisted of religiousmatter.
The Columbia City Hall
The month of January, Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry by the Limbourg brothers.
The Limbourg Brothers
The Limbourg brothers were famous Dutch miniature painters.
The three brothers Herman, Paul and Johan were active in the early 1400s, in France and Burgundy.
They created the best known medieval illuminated manuscript, Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry.
Illuminatedmanuscriptsatthis time wereverypopular. They are minatureillustrastionsthatare a calendar, thatalsocontainprayersthat are to besaidatparticularhours of the day.
The threebrothersdied in 1416, possibly due to the plague.
The Columbia City Hall deals with many of the important matters of the town. The Mayor’s Office resides in the building, as well as other important departments. The painting of the month of January from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry is a good choice for the City Hall becauseitdepicts people gathering for a banquet, and possiblydiscussingmatters of the village or town of thatera. The Duke of Berry is in the painting himself, to the right in a blue robe, whichissomeone of high importance. The Mayorisconsidered of high importance in everycounty, sothiswouldbe an interestingchoice of art to beplaced in the building.
The second location for a selected painting is for the entrance of the local mall of Columbia. The selected painting is The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli, painted around 1482.
The Columbia Mall
The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli
Sandro Botticelli was born in Florence, Italy, sometime around 1445 and
died on May 17, 1510 in the same city.
Botticelli was an Italian painter during the Early Renaissance.
Though not too much is known of Botticelli’s life, it is known that he
became an apprentice at the age of fourteen, which means he received a better education than most other Renaissance artists.
Unlike many artists during this time, Botticelli painted many classical myth pieces rather than a religious artwork.
Botticelli never married, however, he is believed to have loved Simonetta Vespucci as she was the model for The Birth of Venus and other paintings, though she passed away years before they were even painted.
Botticelli's paintings The Birth of Venus and Primavera are two of the most recognizable masterpieces of Florentine art.
The famous painting, The Birth of Venus, depicts the goddess Venus emerging from the sea.
The painting is classical inspired by Ancient Greek masterpieces.
Renaissance means “rebirth” which is exactly what this period involved. Artists, scholars, philosophers, scientists, and others believed the greatest time was during the Golden Age of the Greeks and Romans.
The Renaissance is considered to be the rich period of the end of the Middle Ages.
The Italian Renaissance spanned from the late 1200s to around 1600.
Florence and Siena were the cities where the European Renaissance began.
The Renaissance was a era of reflecting the past, especially through art. The use of Greek and Roman mythology in artwork is a clear representation of that.
Italian Renaissance art is divided into three major phases: Early, High, and Late.
A mall is a gathering place as well as a shopping center for all. The Birth of Venus is a beautiful painting that could be treasured by both men and women once seeing it in an entrance of a mall. The painting depicts Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty, also known as Aphrodite in Greek mythology. The mall is a place for both sexes, but appears to be more of a shopping haven for females. The many clothing shops, nail and hair salons, beauty stores, and more are mainly for women. Women go to the mall to shop, groom, to be pampered, and feel overall beautiful in their appearance. The painting is suitable in a mall, because Venus reflects what woman is: beautiful and full of love. The Columbia Mall specifically has stores that are more enjoyable to women, such as Bath & Body Works, various department clothing stores, boutiques, shoe stores, a couple of hair salons, and a nail salon. The Birth of Venus would be an ideal place for the entrance, for women to pass and admire, as they head to shop and feel like a goddess themselves.
The third and final location for a selected art piece is McDowell Elementary School, located near downtown Columbia. The art piece chosen is Children’s Games by Pieter Breugel the Elder, painted in 1560.
McDowell Elementary School
Children’s Gamesby Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Pieter Bruegel was one of the first Flemish Renaissance painters and
He was born in the Netherlands around 1525 and died September 9th, 1569.
Breugel had two sons, Pieter Breughel the Younger and Jan Brueghel who became painters themselves, and never received any training from their father, since he passed just a few years after they were born.
Breugel also created a series of paintings in 1565 that represent the seasons, and only five remain: The Hunters in the Snow (for December through January), The Gloomy Day (Feb. to March), The Hay Harvest (June to July), The Harvesters (August to September), and The Return of the Herd (October to November).
A good amount of Bruegel’s artwork focus on the lives of Flemish commoners, such as Netherlandish Proverbs, Children’s Games, The Peasant Wedding, The Peasant Dance, and many more.
Because of his common portrayal of Flemish commoners in is artwork, Breugel received the nickname “peasant Breugel”.
The Northern Renaissance refers to the art in the Northern part of Europe, and essentially all art outside of Italy at that time.
Dutch and Flemish art was thriving in this period, with artists such as Pieter Breugel the Elder, Jan van Eyck, Albrecht Durer, and Hieronymus Bosch.
A closer look at Children’s Games A. B. C.
A.This portion of Children’s Games shows kids playing in a large pile of dirt, which is very similar to a sandbox that is seen in today’s playgrounds. B. This portion shows two boys dangling from a long wooden post. On playgrounds today, children’s monkey bars are very similar to this. C. Two children are riding opposite side of one another on a barrel. This greatly shows similarity to seesaws of today’s playgrounds.
Children’s Games McDowell Elementary School in Columbia, Tennessee, is a great choice to place Pieter Brugel’s painting Children’s Games because it is one of the older elementary schools in Maury County, and it’s antiquity will fit in well with the school’s own. Pieter Breugel’sChildren Games greatly depicts a close look at children playing in the 16th century. The games and actions some of the children are playing and doing look incredibly similar to today’s playtime. This painting is a great piece to go in an entryway to an elementary school because it shows the playfulness children have at this young age. The children in the painting are playing in ways children play now during the recess they are allowed to have until they reach middle school.
Bibliography Gietmann, Gerhard. "Sandro Botticelli." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 2 Nov. 2009 <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02708b.htm>. "Limbourg brothers." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 26 Oct 2009, 00:17 UTC. 3 Nov 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Limbourg_brothers&oldid=322039539>. "Pieter Bruegel the Elder." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 28 Oct 2009, 07:29 UTC. 2 Nov 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pieter_Bruegel_the_Elder&oldid=322494678>. "The Birth of Venus (Botticelli)." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 28 Oct 2009, 15:26 UTC. 2 Nov 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Birth_of_Venus_(Botticelli)&oldid=322549212>. Wisse, Jacob. "Pieter Bruegel the Elder (ca. 1525/30–1569)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/brue/hd_brue.htm (October 2002)