3. evolution of pieces of global governance

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3. evolution of pieces of global governance

  1. 1. The Evolution of Pieces ofThe Evolution of Pieces ofGlobal GovernanceGlobal GovernanceBy: Cheunboran Chanborey
  2. 2.  Political communities throughout history have tried toestablish norms and rules for interacting with theirneighbors. Confucius: norms of moderation in interstate relationsand condemnation of the use of violence Greeks sought to establish permanent protectivealliances among the city-states to address conflicts Christian leaders should form political alliance againstviolators of the prevailing norms, the Pope couldarbitrate any disputes.Introduction
  3. 3.  The right of state to choose its religion and determine itsown domestic policies. The prohibition of interference from supranationalauthorities like Church. Sovereignty is the core of the state system. However, many scholars have rejected the concept thatstates have complete freedom to do whatever they wishas any event has regional and global implication.State System and Its Weaknesses
  4. 4.  Contemporary state system is the matter of disputebetween three approaches: Realist view of Machiavelli Rationalist view of Grotius Revolutionist view of Kant What do YOU THINK?Continued…
  5. 5. 1. Concert of Europe Informal intergovernmentalism (multilateral meeting),established in 1815 for the purpose of settlingproblems and coordinating actions. A concert of major powers making system-widedecisions by negotiation and consensus, multilateralconsultation, collective diplomacy, and special statusfor great powers. The Concert convenes over 30 meeting. The lastmeeting took place in Berlin in 1878.Governance in 19thCentury
  6. 6. 2. Public International Unions Functional cooperation and coordination in Europe: International Telegraph Union – 1865 Universal Postal Union (UPU) – 1874 International Chamber of Commerce – 1874 International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) –1923Governance in 19thCentury
  7. 7. 3. The Hague System In 1899 and 1907, Czar Nicholas II convened twoconferences in The Hague, involving both Europeanand non-European states to think proactively aboutwhat techniques to prevent war. The Convention for Pacific Settlement ofInternational Disputes Ad hoc International Commissions of Inquiry Permanent Court of Arbitration - 1899Governance in 19thCentury
  8. 8.  Due to the massive destruction of WWI  People startedto think of post-war system. League of Nations was created in 1919. Principles: (1) respect and preserve the territorialintegrity and political independence (2) collectivesecurity Main Organs: The Council (P4: Britain, France, Italy, and Japan) Assembly and Secretariat Two autonomous organization: PCIJ, ILOThe League of Nations –20thCentury Multilateralism
  9. 9.  The League of Nations failed to prevent Italy frominvading Ethiopia in 1935. It failed to halt Japan invading Manchuria in 1939. It could not prevent WWII from erupting.What are the reasons behind its failure?
  10. 10.  Related to the UN: FAO, IAEA, ICAO ILO, UNHCR,UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO…. Bretton Woods Institutions: IMF, WB, and GATT/WTO Regional functional organizations: African & AsianDevelopment Bank, Arab Monetary Fund, OPEC, PaAmerican Organizations.Functional and Specialized Organizations
  11. 11.  International: ICJ and ICC International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea WB Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism Regional: African Court of Justice Central American Court of Justice Court of Justice of the Andean Community EU Court of Justice Specialized Courts: Court of Justice of Benelux Economic Union European Court of Human Rights Inter-American Court of HRsInternational and Regional Courts

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